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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (35138919)
Authors Krop IE, Jegede OA, Grilley-Olson JE, Lauring JD, Mitchell EP, Zwiebel JA, Gray RJ, Wang V, McShane LM, Rubinstein LV, Patton D, Williams PM, Hamilton SR, Kono SA, Ford JM, Garcia AA, Sui XD, Siegel RD, Slomovitz BM, Conley BA, Arteaga CL, Harris LN, O'Dwyer PJ, Chen AP, Flaherty KT
Title Phase II Study of Taselisib in PIK3CA-Mutated Solid Tumors Other Than Breast and Squamous Lung Cancer: Results From the NCI-MATCH ECOG-ACRIN Trial (EAY131) Subprotocol I.
Journal JCO precision oncology
Vol 6
Issue
Date 2022 Feb
URL
Abstract Text PIK3CA mutations frequently contribute to oncogenesis in solid tumors. Taselisib, a potent and selective inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, has demonstrated clinical activity in PIK3CA-mutant breast cancer. Whether PIK3CA mutations predict sensitivity to taselisib in other cancer types is unknown. National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice Arm EAY131-I is a single-arm, phase II study of the safety and efficacy of taselisib in patients with advanced cancers.Eligible patients had tumors with an activating PIK3CA mutation. Patients with breast or squamous cell lung carcinoma, or whose cancer had KRAS or PTEN mutations, were excluded. Patients received taselisib 4 mg, orally once daily continuously, until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary end point was objective response rate. Secondary end points included progression-free survival (PFS), 6-month PFS, overall survival (OS), and identification of predictive biomarkers.Seventy patients were enrolled, and 61 were eligible and initiated protocol therapy. Types of PIK3CA mutations included helical 41 of 61 (67%), kinase 11 of 61 (18%), and other 9 of 61 (15%). With a median follow-up of 35.7 months, there were no complete or partial responses. Six-month PFS was 19.9% (90% CI, 12.0 to 29.3) and median PFS was 3.1 months (90% CI, 1.8 to 3.7). Six-month OS was 60.7% (90% CI, 49.6 to 70.0) and median OS was 7.2 months (90% CI, 5.9 to 10.0). Individual comutations were too heterogeneous to correlate with clinical outcome. Fatigue, diarrhea, nausea, and hyperglycemia were the most common toxicities, and most were grade 1 and 2.In this study, taselisib monotherapy had very limited activity in a heterogeneous cohort of heavily pretreated cancer patients with PIK3CA-mutated tumors; the presence of a PIK3CA mutation alone does not appear to be a sufficient predictor of taselisib activity.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA act mut Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Taselisib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (MATCH), Taselisib (GDC-0032) treatment resulted in limited efficacy in heavily pretreated patients with advanced solid tumors harboring PIK3CA activating mutations, with an objective response rate of 0% (0/61) after a median follow-up of 35.7 months, stable disease in 52% (32/61), a median progression-free survival of 3.1 months, and a median overall survival of 7.2 months (PMID: 35138919; NCT02465060). 35138919