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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (35395680)
Authors Desai AV, Robinson GW, Gauvain K, Basu EM, Macy ME, Maese L, Whipple NS, Sabnis AJ, Foster JH, Shusterman S, Yoon J, Weiss BD, Abdelbaki MS, Armstrong AE, Cash T, Pratilas CA, Corradini N, Marshall LV, Farid-Kapadia M, Chohan S, Devlin C, Meneses-Lorente G, Cardenas A, Hutchinson KE, Bergthold G, Caron H, Chow Maneval E, Gajjar A, Fox E
Title Entrectinib in children and young adults with solid or primary CNS tumors harboring NTRK, ROS1 or ALK aberrations (STARTRK-NG).
Journal Neuro-oncology
Vol
Issue
Date 2022 Apr 08
URL
Abstract Text Entrectinib is a TRKA/B/C, ROS1, ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for treatment of adults and children aged ≥12 years with NTRK fusion-positive solid tumors and adults with ROS1 fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer. We report analysis of the STARTRK-NG trial, investigating the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) and activity of entrectinib in pediatric patients with solid tumors including primary central nervous system tumors.STARTRK-NG (NCT02650401) is a phase 1/2 trial. Phase 1, dose escalation of oral, once-daily entrectinib, enrolled patients aged <22 years with solid tumors with/without target NTRK1/2/3, ROS1, or ALK fusions. Phase 2, basket trial at the RP2D, enrolled patients with intracranial or extracranial solid tumors harboring target fusions, or neuroblastoma. Primary endpoints: phase 1, RP2D based on toxicity; phase 2, objective response rate (ORR) in patients harboring target fusions. Safety-evaluable patients: ≥1 dose of entrectinib; response-evaluable patients: measurable/evaluable baseline disease and ≥1 dose at RP2D.At data cut-off, 43 patients, median age 7 years, were response-evaluable. In phase 1, four patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities. The most common treatment-related adverse event was weight gain (48.8%). Nine patients experienced bone fractures (20.9%). In patients with fusion-positive tumors, ORR was 57.7% (95% CI 36.9-76.7), median duration of response was not reached, and median (interquartile range) duration of treatment was 10.6 months (4.2-18.4).Entrectinib resulted in rapid and durable responses in pediatric patients with solid tumors harboring NTRK1/2/3 or ROS1 fusions.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Entrectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in a complete response in a patient with neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 35395680; NCT02650401). 35395680
ROS1 fusion Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Entrectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (STARTRK-NG), Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment was safe and resulted in an overall response rate (ORR) of 57.7% (15/26, 7 complete responses) with median duration of response and progression-free survival no reached in pediatric patients with CNS or extracranial solid tumors harboring fusions in NTRK1, NTRK2, NTRK3, ROS1, or ALK, ORR was 62.5% (5/8) in patients harboring ROS1 fusions (PMID: 35395680; NCT02650401). 35395680
EML4 - NTRK3 congenital fibrosarcoma predicted - sensitive Entrectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 13.8 months in a patient with infantile fibrosarcoma harboring EML4-NTRK3 (PMID: 35395680; NCT02650401). 35395680
ALK fusion Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (STARTRK-NG), Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment was safe and resulted in an overall response rate (ORR) of 57.7% (15/26, 7 complete responses) with median duration of response and progression-free survival not reached in pediatric patients with CNS or extracranial solid tumors harboring fusions in NTRK1, NTRK2, NTRK3, ROS1, or ALK, ORR was 33.3% (1/3) in patients harboring ALK fusions (PMID: 35395680; NCT02650401). 35395680