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|Authors||Pasau T, Wauters E, Wauters I, Duplaquet F, Pirard L, Pop-Stanciu C, D'Haene N, Dupont M, Vander Borght T, Rondelet B, Ocak S|
|Title||Case report: BRAF A598-T599insV mutation as a potential resistance mechanism to alectinib in ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma.|
|Abstract Text||Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have improved the prognosis of advanced-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with ALK rearrangement, but resistance mechanisms limit their efficacy. We describe the case of a 63-year-old man with a stage cIVA ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma who developed a BRAF A598-T599insV mutation as a potential resistance mechanism to alectinib, a second-generation ALK TKI. He was treated with an association of BRAF and MEK inhibitors but death occurred two months after treatment initiation in a context of tumor progression and toxicity. Based on this first report of BRAF A598-T599insV mutation occurring in lung cancer, we discuss resistance mechanisms to ALK TKIs, implications of BRAF mutation in NSCLC, and BRAF A598-T599insV mutation in other cancers.|
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|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|EML4 - ALK BRAF A598_T599insV||lung adenocarcinoma||predicted - resistant||Alectinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, a lung adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK progressed after an initial response to Alecensa (alectinib) and was found to have acquired BRAF A598_T599insV (PMID: 36419902).||36419902|