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Ref Type
PMID (36819595)
Authors Chen D, Ma S, Sun L, Lang Y, Yang B
Title EML4-ALK rearrangement of lung large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma: a case report.
Abstract Text Lung large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (L-LCNEC) is a subtype of lung cancer with a low incidence and a high degree of malignancy. For early stage patients, surgical treatment is limited, and the risk of postoperative recurrence is high. For patients with unresectable or advanced disease, platinum-based chemotherapy is currently the mainstay of treatment, but its efficacy is unsatisfactory. L-LCNEC with the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene mutation is very rare and currently has no standard therapy. In this article, we report the case of a locally advanced L-LCNEC patient with ALK mutations who underwent first-line treatment with alectinib.A previously healthy, 46-year-old, non-smoking woman was clinically diagnosed with unresectable locally advanced L-LCNEC. Next generation sequencing (NGS) of the patient's plasma and tumor specimen showed echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML-4) (exon 13)-ALK (exon 20) fusion with a mutation frequency of 14.48% and 15.37%. The patient refused chemotherapy, and received first-line treatment with alectinib 600 mg, bis in die (bid), per day. After taking alectinib for 1 month, the patient's chest enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan showed a partial response (PR). After 12 months of treatment with alectinib, a radiological evaluation showed that the patient had maintained the PR. A grade 2-3 rash was observed at the beginning of the treatment. After symptomatic treatment, the rash disappeared, and the side effects were fully tolerated. At present, the patient can work normally, has a performance status of 0 and has not experience any major adverse events.Our case suggests that the first-line use of targeted therapy is also a good choice for L-LCNEC patients of stage III with gene mutations. The side effects are light, the patient can tolerate well, and the quality of life of can be improved.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
EML4 - ALK large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response after 1 month of treatment in a patient with lung large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20), with response lasting at least 12 months (PMID: 36819595). 36819595