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|Authors||Ye Z, Guo J|
|Title||Acquired ALK G1202R-, ALK I1171N-, or EML4-ALK-mediated resistance to ensartinib in lung adenocarcinoma but responded to lorlatinib: A case report.|
|Abstract Text||ALK rearrangements are identified as driver mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EML4 is the most common partner of ALK rearrangements. Here, we reported a patient with lung adenocarcinoma who was identified with EML4-ALK mutations when he progressed on an immune checkpoint inhibitor. The patient was treated with alectinib and obtained a progression-free survival (PFS) of 24 months. Then, next-generation sequencing on circulating tumor DNA identified multiple ALK mutations, including ALK G1202R, I1171N, ALK-ENC1, and EML4-ALK. Ensartinib was given, and the patient achieved a PFS of 5 months. After progression, lorlatinib was administered, and the patient achieved a partial response. Now, the benefit is still ongoing with a PFS over 10 months. Our case may provide evidence for the treatment choice of multiple ALK mutations, including ALK I1171N.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1202R||lung adenocarcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Lorlatinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a lung adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1202R, along with ALK-ENC1 (PMID: 37007089).||37007089|