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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (38471061)
Authors Levis MJ, Hamadani M, Logan B, Jones RJ, Singh AK, Litzow M, Wingard JR, Papadopoulos EB, Perl AE, Soiffer RJ, Ustun C, Ueda Oshima M, Uy GL, Waller EK, Vasu S, Solh M, Mishra A, Muffly L, Kim HJ, Mikesch JH, Najima Y, Onozawa M, Thomson K, Nagler A, Wei AH, Marcucci G, Geller NL, Hasabou N, Delgado D, Rosales M, Hill J, Gill SC, Nuthethi R, King D, Wittsack H, Mendizabal A, Devine SM, Horowitz MM, Chen YB, BMT-CTN 1506/MORPHO Study Investigators
Title Gilteritinib as Post-Transplant Maintenance for Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Internal Tandem Duplication Mutation of FLT3.
Abstract Text Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) improves outcomes for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) harboring an internal tandem duplication mutation of FLT3 (FLT3-ITD) AML. These patients are routinely treated with a FLT3 inhibitor after HCT, but there is limited evidence to support this. Accordingly, we conducted a randomized trial of post-HCT maintenance with the FLT3 inhibitor gilteritinib ( identifier: NCT02997202) to determine if all such patients benefit or if detection of measurable residual disease (MRD) could identify those who might benefit.Adults with FLT3-ITD AML in first remission underwent HCT and were randomly assigned to placebo or 120 mg once daily gilteritinib for 24 months after HCT. The primary end point was relapse-free survival (RFS). Secondary end points included overall survival (OS) and the effect of MRD pre- and post-HCT on RFS and OS.Three hundred fifty-six participants were randomly assigned post-HCT to receive gilteritinib or placebo. Although RFS was higher in the gilteritinib arm, the difference was not statistically significant (hazard ratio [HR], 0.679 [95% CI, 0.459 to 1.005]; two-sided P = .0518). However, 50.5% of participants had MRD detectable pre- or post-HCT, and, in a prespecified subgroup analysis, gilteritinib was beneficial in this population (HR, 0.515 [95% CI, 0.316 to 0.838]; P = .0065). Those without detectable MRD showed no benefit (HR, 1.213 [95% CI, 0.616 to 2.387]; P = .575).Although the overall improvement in RFS was not statistically significant, RFS was higher for participants with detectable FLT3-ITD MRD pre- or post-HCT who received gilteritinib treatment. To our knowledge, these data are among the first to support the effectiveness of MRD-based post-HCT therapy.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
FLT3 exon 14 ins acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Gilteritinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, post-hematopoietic cell transplantation maintenance Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment improved relapse-free survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutation who had detectable minimal residual disease pre- or post-hematopoietic cell transplantation compared to placebo, but was not beneficial in patients without minimal residual disease (PMID: 38471061; NCT02997202). 38471061