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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Strati P, Kantarjian H, Ravandi F, Nazha A, Borthakur G, Daver N, Kadia T, Estrov Z, Garcia-Manero G, Konopleva M, Rajkhowa T, Durand M, Andreeff M, Levis M, Cortes J|
|Title||Phase I/II trial of the combination of midostaurin (PKC412) and 5-azacytidine for patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome.|
|Journal||American journal of hematology|
|Abstract Text||We investigated the combination of midostaurin and azacitidine (AZA) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and high risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Patients received AZA 75 mg m(-2) on days 1-7 and midostaurin 25 mg bid (in cohort 1 of phase I) or 50 mg bid (in cohort 2 of Phase I and in Phase II) orally on day 8-21 during the first cycle and continuously thereafter. Fourteen patients were enrolled in the phase I and 40 in the phase II. Overall response rate was 26%. The median remission duration (RD) was 20 weeks and was significantly longer in patients with FLT3 mutations not previously exposed to other FLT3 inhibitors (P = 0.05) and in patients not previously transplanted (P = 0.01). Thirty-two (59%) patients have died, all of complications related to disease progression. G3-4 nonhematological toxicity was reported in 38 (70%) patients, most frequently infections (56%), ejection fraction reduction (11%), and diarrhea or nausea/vomiting (9% each). The combination of midostaurin and AZA is an effective and safe regimen in patients with AML and high-risk MDS. Patients with FLT3 mutations but not previously exposed to other FLT3 inhibitors and patients not previously transplanted derived the greatest benefit. Further studies with this combination are warranted.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|FLT3 mutant||acute myeloid leukemia||sensitive||Azacitidine + Midostaurin||Phase Ib/II||Actionable||In a Phase Ib/II trial, acute myeloid leukemia patients harboring a FLT3 mutation demonstrated an improved remission duration when treated with the combination therapy, Rydapt (midostaurin) and Vidaza (azacitidine) (PMID: 25530214).||25530214|