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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Li F, Huynh H, Li X, Ruddy DA, Wang Y, Ong R, Chow P, Qiu S, Tam A, Rakiec DP, Schlegel R, Monahan JE, Huang A|
|Title||FGFR-Mediated Reactivation of MAPK Signaling Attenuates Antitumor Effects of Imatinib in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors.|
|Abstract Text||Activating mutations in either KIT or PDGFRA are present in approximately 90% of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Although treatment with the KIT and PDGFR inhibitor imatinib can control advanced disease in about 80% of GIST patients, the beneficial effect is not durable. Here, we report that ligands from the FGF family reduced the effectiveness of imatinib in GIST cells, and FGF2 and FGFR1 are highly expressed in all primary GIST samples examined. The combination of KIT and FGFR inhibition showed increased growth inhibition in imatinib-sensitive GIST cell lines and improved efficacy in patient-derived GIST xenografts. In addition, inhibition of MAPK signaling by imatinib was not sustained in GIST cells. An ERK rebound occurred through activation of FGF signaling, and was repressed by FGFR1 inhibition. Downregulation of Sprouty proteins played a role in the imatinib-induced feedback activation of FGF signaling in GIST cells.We here show that FGFR-mediated reactivation of the MAPK pathway attenuates the antiproliferation effects of imatinib in GISTs. The imatinib-induced ERK rebound can be repressed by the FGFR inhibitor BGJ398, and combined KIT and FGFR inhibition leads to increased efficacy in vitro and in patient-derived xenografts.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|KIT V560_Y578del||gastrointestinal stromal tumor||sensitive||Imatinib + Infigratinib||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Truseltiq (infigratinib) and Gleevec (imatinib) combination treatment demonstrated enhanced antiproliferative activity in gastrointestinal stromal tumor cells harboring KIT V560_Y578del in culture (PMID: 25673643).||25673643|
|KIT mutant||gastrointestinal stromal tumor||sensitive||Imatinib + Infigratinib||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Truseltiq (infigratinib) and Gleevec (imatinib) combination treatment demonstrated enhanced antitumor activity in patient derived xenograft models of gastrointestinal stromal tumor harboring KIT mutations (PMID: 25673643).||25673643|
|KIT K642E||gastrointestinal stromal tumor||sensitive||Imatinib + Infigratinib||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Truseltiq (infigratinib) and Gleevec (imatinib) combination treatment demonstrated enhanced antiproliferative activity in gastrointestinal stromal tumor cells harboring KIT K642E in culture (PMID: 25673643).||25673643|