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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Nör F, Warner KA, Zhang Z, Acasigua GA, Pearson AT, Kerk SA, Helman JI, Sant'Ana Filho M, Wang S, Nör JE|
|Title||Therapeutic Inhibition of the MDM2-p53 Interaction Prevents Recurrence of Adenoid Cystic Carcinomas.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2017 Feb 15|
|Abstract Text||Purpose: Conventional chemotherapy has modest efficacy in advanced adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC). Tumor recurrence is a major challenge in the management of ACC patients. Here, we evaluated the antitumor effect of a novel small-molecule inhibitor of the MDM2-p53 interaction (MI-773) combined with cisplatin in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) ACC tumors.Experimental Design: Therapeutic strategies with MI-773 and/or cisplatin were evaluated in SCID mice harboring PDX ACC tumors (UM-PDX-HACC-5) and in low passage primary human ACC cells (UM-HACC-2A, -2B, -5, -6) in vitro The effect of therapy on the fraction of cancer stem cells (CSC) was determined by flow cytometry for ALDH activity and CD44 expression.Results: Combined therapy with MI-773 with cisplatin caused p53 activation, induction of apoptosis, and regression of ACC PDX tumors. Western blots revealed induction of MDM2, p53 and downstream p21 expression, and regulation of apoptosis-related proteins PUMA, BAX, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and active caspase-9 upon MI-773 treatment. Both single-agent MI-773 and MI-773 combined with cisplatin decreased the fraction of CSCs in PDX ACC tumors. Notably, neoadjuvant MI-773 and surgery eliminated tumor recurrences during a postsurgical follow-up of more than 300 days. In contrast, 62.5% of mice that received vehicle control presented with palpable tumor recurrences within this time period (P = 0.0097).Conclusions: Collectively, these data demonstrate that therapeutic inhibition of MDM2-p53 interaction by MI-773 decreased the CSC fraction, sensitized ACC xenograft tumors to cisplatin, and eliminated tumor recurrence. These results suggest that patients with ACC might benefit from the therapeutic inhibition of the MDM2-p53 interaction. Clin Cancer Res; 23(4); 1036-48. ©2016 AACR.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|TP53 wild-type||salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Cisplatin + SAR405838||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, the combination of SAR405838 (MI-773) and Platinol (cisplatin) resulted in increased Tp53 and Mdm2 expression, and demonstrated improved efficacy over either agent alone in TP53 wild-type patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma, resulting in tumor regression without tumor rebound after cessation of therapy (PMID: 27550999).||27550999|