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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (28196207)
Authors Heinrich MC, Rankin C, Blanke CD, Demetri GD, Borden EC, Ryan CW, von Mehren M, Blackstein ME, Priebat DA, Tap WD, Maki RG, Corless CL, Fletcher JA, Owzar K, Crowley JJ, Benjamin RS, Baker LH
Title Correlation of Long-term Results of Imatinib in Advanced Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors With Next-Generation Sequencing Results: Analysis of Phase 3 SWOG Intergroup Trial S0033.
Abstract Text After identification of activating mutations of the KIT gene in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)-the most common sarcomaof the gastrointestinal tract-a phase 2 study demonstrated efficacy of imatinib mesylate in patients with metastatic GIST harboring a KIT exon 11 mutation. Initial results of long-term follow-up have found a survival benefit in this subgroup of patients.To assess the long-term survival of patients with GIST who were treated in SWOG study S0033 and to present new molecular data regarding treatment outcomes.In this follow-up of randomized clinical trial participants (from December 15, 2000, to September 1, 2001), patients were required to have advanced GIST that was not surgically curable. Postprotocol data collection occurred from August 29, 2011, to July 15, 2015. Using modern sequencing technologies, 20 cases originally classified as having wild-type tumors underwent reanalysis. This intergroup study was coordinated by SWOG, a cooperative group member within the National Clinical Trials Network, with participation by member/affiliate institutions. This follow-up was not planned as part of the initial study.Patients were randomized to 1 of 2 dose levels of imatinib mesylate, including 400 mg once daily (400 mg/d) vs 400 mg twice daily (800 mg/d), and were treated until disease progression or unacceptable toxic effects of the drug occurred.The primary end point was overall survival. Updated survival data were correlated with clinical and molecular factors, and patterns of postprotocol therapies were enumerated and described in long-term survivors.Of 695 eligible patients (376 men [54.1%]; 319 women [45.9%]; mean [SD] age, 60.1 [14.0] years), 189 survived 8 years or longer, including 95 in the 400-mg/d dose arm and 94 in the 800-mg/d arm. The 10-year estimate of overall survival was 23% (95% CI, 20%-26%). Among 142 long-term survivors, imatinib was the sole therapy administered in 69 (48.6%), with additional systemic agents administered to 54 patients (38.0%). Resequencing studies of 20 cases originally classified as KIT/PDGFRA wild-type GIST revealed that 17 (85.0%) harbored a pathogenic mutation, most commonly a mutation of a subunit of the succinate dehydrogenase complex.A subset of patients with metastatic GIST experiences durable, long-term overall survival with imatinib treatment. Although this study provides guidance for management of GIST harboring the most common KIT and PDGFRA mutations, optimal management of other genotypic subtypes remains Identifier: NCT00009906.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
KIT exon11 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, Gleevec (imatinib) treatment resulted in longer overall survival (OS) (66 vs 40 months) in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients harboring KIT exon 11 mutations compared to KIT and PDGFRA wild-type patients, while subtypes of KIT exon 11 mutations (deletion, insertation/duplication, point mutation) did not affect OS outcome (PMID: 28196207; NCT00009906). 28196207