Gene Variant Detail

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Gene MAP2K1
Variant F53L
Impact List missense
Protein Effect gain of function
Gene Variant Descriptions MAP2K1 F53L lies within the negative regulatory region of the Map2k1 protein (PMID: 24241536). F53L results in activation of Map2k1 as indicated by increased Erk and Mek phosphorylation in cell culture (PMID: 25164765, PMID: 29483135) and also demonstrates resistance to some Mek and Braf inhibitors (PMID: 29753091).
Associated Drug Resistance Y

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Transcript NM_002755.3
gDNA chr15:g.66435103T>C
cDNA c.157T>C
Protein p.F53L
Source Database RefSeq
Genome Build GRCh38/hg38
Transcript gDNA cDNA Protein Source Database Genome Build
NM_002755.3 chr15:g.66435103T>C c.157T>C p.F53L RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
XM_017022411 chr15:g.66435103T>C c.157T>C p.F53L RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
XM_017022411.2 chr15:g.66435103T>C c.157T>C p.F53L RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_002755 chr15:g.66435103T>C c.157T>C p.F53L RefSeq GRCh38/hg38

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
MAP2K1 F53L colorectal cancer resistant Cetuximab Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, expression of MAP2K1 F53L conferred resistance to Erbitux (cetuximab) in colorectal cancer cells in culture (PMID: 28179366). 28179366
MAP2K1 F53L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant PD98059 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Map2k1 F53L displayed resistance to the Mek inhibitor, PD98059, as demonstrated by constitutive activation of Map2k1 in transformed human kidney cells (PMID: 29753091). 29753091
MAP2K1 F53L colorectal cancer sensitive Trametinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, a colorectal cancer cell line harboring MAP2K1 F53L demonstrated sensitivity to Mekinist (trametinib) in culture, resulting in decreased cell viability (PMID: 26582713). 26582713
MAP2K1 F53L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive PLX4720 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Map2k1 F53L displayed sensitivity to the Braf inhibitor, PLX4720, as demonstrated by reversal of active Map2k1 in transformed human kidney cells (PMID: 29753091). 29753091
MAP2K1 F53L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant GDC0879 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Map2k1 F53L displayed resistance to the Braf inhibitor, GDC-0879, as demonstrated by constitutive activation of Map2k1 in transformed human kidney cells (PMID: 29753091). 29753091
MAP2K1 F53L histiocytic and dendritic cell cancer predicted - sensitive Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Mekinist (trametinib) treatment resulted in resolution of symptoms within 3 days and a durable complete response for over 2 years in a patient with histiocytic sarcoma harboring MAP2K1 F53L (PMID: 29768143). 29768143
MAP2K1 F53L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Map2k1 F53L displayed sensitivity to the Mek inhibitor, Selumetinib (AZD6244), as demonstrated by reversal of active Map2k1 in transformed human kidney cells (PMID: 29753091). 29753091
MAP2K1 F53L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Regorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Map2k1 F53L displayed resistance to Stivarga (regorafenib; BAY 73-4506), as demonstrated by constitutive activation of Map2k1 in transformed human kidney cells (PMID: 29753091). 29753091
MAP2K1 F53L colorectal cancer sensitive Cetuximab + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Erbitux (cetuximab) and Mekinist (trametinib) decreased viability of colorectal cancer cells harboring MAP2K1 F53L in culture (PMID: 28179366). 28179366
MAP2K1 F53L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant AZD8330 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Map2k1 F53L displayed resistance to the Mek inhibitor, AZD8330, as demonstrated by constitutive activation of Map2k1 in transformed human kidney cells (PMID: 29753091). 29753091
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
MAP2K1 mutant Erdheim-Chester disease sensitive Trametinib Guideline Actionable Mekinist (trametinib) is included in guidelines as first-line or subsequent-line therapy for patients with Erdheim-Chester disease harboring mutations in the MAPK pathway such as ARAF, NRAS, KRAS, MAP2K1, PIK3CA, or with no detectable mutations, or for whom testing is not available (NCCN Guidelines). detail...
MAP2K1 mutant Erdheim-Chester disease sensitive Cobimetinib Guideline Actionable Cotellic (cobimetinib) is included in guidelines as preferred first-line or subsequent-line therapy for patients with Erdheim-Chester disease harboring mutations in the MAPK pathway such as ARAF, NRAS, KRAS, MAP2K1, PIK3CA, or with no detectable mutations, or for whom testing is not available (NCCN Guidelines). detail...
Molecular Profile Protein Effect Treatment Approaches
MAP2K1 F53L gain of function MEK inhibitor (Pan) MEK1 Inhibitor