Reference Detail

Contact

Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at : ckbsupport@jax.org

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (29903896)
Authors Dankner M, Lajoie M, Moldoveanu D, Nguyen TT, Savage P, Rajkumar S, Huang X, Lvova M, Protopopov A, Vuzman D, Hogg D, Park M, Guiot MC, Petrecca K, Mihalcioiu C, Watson IR, Siegel PM, Rose AAN
Title Dual MAPK Inhibition Is an Effective Therapeutic Strategy for a Subset of Class II BRAF Mutant Melanomas.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 24
Issue 24
Date 2018 Dec 15
URL
Abstract Text Dual MAPK pathway inhibition (dMAPKi) with BRAF and MEK inhibitors improves survival in BRAF V600E/K mutant melanoma, but the efficacy of dMAPKi in non-V600 BRAF mutant tumors is poorly understood. We sought to characterize the responsiveness of class II (enhanced kinase activity, dimerization dependent) BRAF mutant melanoma to dMAPKi.Tumors from patients with BRAF wild-type (WT), V600E (class I), and L597S (class II) metastatic melanoma were used to generate patient-derived xenografts (PDX). We assembled a panel of melanoma cell lines with class IIa (activation segment) or IIb (p-loop) mutations and compared these with WT or V600E/K BRAF mutant cells. Cell lines and PDXs were treated with BRAFi (vemurafenib, dabrafenib, encorafenib, and LY3009120), MEKi (cobimetinib, trametinib, and binimetinib), or the combination. We identified 2 patients with BRAF L597S metastatic melanoma who were treated with dMAPKi.BRAFi impaired MAPK signaling and cell growth in class I and II BRAF mutant cells. dMAPKi was more effective than either single MAPKi at inhibiting cell growth in all class II BRAF mutant cells tested. dMAPKi caused tumor regression in two melanoma PDXs with class II BRAF mutations and prolonged survival of mice with class II BRAF mutant melanoma brain metastases. Two patients with BRAF L597S mutant melanoma clinically responded to dMAPKi.Class II BRAF mutant melanoma is growth inhibited by dMAPKi. Responses to dMAPKi have been observed in 2 patients with class II BRAF mutant melanoma. These data provide rationale for clinical investigation of dMAPKi in patients with class II BRAF mutant metastatic melanoma.See related commentary by Johnson and Dahlman, p. 6107.

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
BRAF R239Q missense unknown BRAF R239Q lies within the phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc finger region of the Braf protein (UniProt.org). R239Q has been identified in the scientific literature (PMID: 29903896), but has not been biochemically characterized and therefore, its effect on Braf protein function is unknown (PubMed, Mar 2020).
BRAF S363F missense unknown BRAF S363F does not lie within any known functional domains of the Braf protein (UniProt.org). S363F has been identified in the scientific literature (PMID: 29903896), but has not been biochemically characterized and therefore, its effect on Braf protein function is unknown (PubMed, Mar 2020).
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF S363F BRAF K601E melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF K601E, as well as BRAF S363F, in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Braftovi (encorafenib) to treatment with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF L597S in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF S363F BRAF K601E melanoma sensitive Trametinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF K601E, as well as BRAF S363F, in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469V NRAS Q61K melanoma predicted - resistant Trametinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased proliferation compared to Mekinist (trametinib) alone in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF G469V and NRAS Q61K in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469V melanoma no benefit Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Braftovi (encorafenib) did not inhibit ERK phosphorylation or proliferation of a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF G469V (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive LY3009120 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, LY3009120 inhibited growth of melanoma cells harboring BRAF L597S in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF S363F BRAF K601E melanoma sensitive Encorafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Braftovi (encorafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF K601E, as well as BRAF S363F, in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF S363F BRAF K601E melanoma sensitive Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Braftovi (encorafenib) inhibited growth of a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF K601E, as well as BRAF S363F, in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF R239Q BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Binimetinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Mektovi (binimetinib) inhibited growth of patient-derived melanoma cells harboring BRAF L597S, as well as BRAF R239Q, in culture, and induced tumor shrinkage in 25% (3/12) of tumors and delayed tumor growth in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF S363F BRAF K601E melanoma sensitive Binimetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Mektovi (binimetinib) inhibited growth of a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF K601E, as well as BRAF S363F, in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF L597S in culture, and resulted in tumor shrinkage in 89% (17/19) of tumors in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring BRAF L597S, and treatment with Tafinlar (dabrafenib) and Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in a objective response with 34% tumor shrinkage in the patient from which the PDX model was derived from (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Binimetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Mektovi (binimetinib) inhibited growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF L597S in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF S363F BRAF K601E melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Cotellic (cobimetinib) inhibited growth of a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF K601E, as well as BRAF S363F, in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF R239Q BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Encorafenib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Braftovi (encorafenib) inhibited ERK activation and proliferation of patient-derived melanoma cells harboring BRAF L597S, as well as BRAF R239Q, in culture, and delayed tumor growth and induced shrinkage in 8% (1/12) of tumors in a melanoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF R239Q BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Braftovi (encorafenib) to treatment with Mektovi (binimetinib) increased growth inhibition in patient-derived melanoma cells harboring BRAF L597S, as well as BRAF R239Q, in culture, and resulted in tumor shrinkage in 67% of tumors, increased inhibition of ERK phosphorylation, and increased tumor growth delay compared to either agent alone in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma predicted - sensitive Trametinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Mekinist (trametinib) inhibited growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF L597S in culture, and resulted in tumor shrinkage in 75% (8/12) subcutaneous tumors in one patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring BRAF L597S that also harbored a BRAF variant of unknown significance, BRAF R239Q, however, was not sufficient to induce tumor shrinkage in a second PDX model with BRAF L597S, resulting only in tumor growth delay (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469V NRAS Q61K melanoma sensitive Binimetinib + Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Braftovi (encorafenib) to treatment with Mektovi (binimetinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF G469V and NRAS Q61K in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469A lung non-small cell carcinoma conflicting Trametinib + Vemurafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Zelboraf (vemurafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased proliferation compared to Mekinist (trametinib) alone in a non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring BRAF G469A in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469A lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Encorafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Braftovi (encorafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in a non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring BRAF G469A in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469A lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Dabrafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) treatment did not result in significant growth inhibition in a non-small lung cancer cell line harboring BRAF G469A in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma predicted - sensitive Dabrafenib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) treatment inhibited ERK activation and proliferation of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF L597S in culture, but did not result in tumor shrinkage as a single agent in a melanoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring BRAF L597S (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF R239Q BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Dabrafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Tafinlar (dabrafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in a patient-derived melanoma cell line harboring BRAF L597S, as well as well as BRAF R239Q, in culture, and resulted in tumor shrinkage in 100% (13/13) of subcutaneous tumors, and decreased growth of intracranial tumors in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Encorafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Braftovi (encorafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF L597S in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Cobimetinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Cotellic (cobimetinib) inhibited growth of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF L597S in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF S363F BRAF K601E melanoma sensitive Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Mekinist (trametinib) inhibited growth of a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF K601E, as well as BRAF S363F, in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF L597S melanoma sensitive Encorafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Braftovi (encorafenib) inhibited ERK activation and proliferation of melanoma cell lines harboring BRAF L597S in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469V NRAS Q61K melanoma no benefit Dabrafenib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Tafinlar (dabrafenib) treatment did not result in significant growth inhibition in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF G469V and NRAS Q61K in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469V NRAS Q61K melanoma sensitive Encorafenib + Trametinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Braftovi (encorafenib) to treatment with Mekinist (trametinib) resulted in increased growth inhibition in a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF G469V and NRAS Q61K in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896
BRAF G469V NRAS Q61K melanoma sensitive LY3009120 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, LY3009120 inhibited growth of a melanoma cell line harboring BRAF G469V and NRAS Q61K in culture (PMID: 29903896). 29903896