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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (30093452)
Authors Shi R, Li M, Raghavan V, Tam S, Cabanero M, Pham NA, Shepherd FA, Moghal N, Tsao MS
Title Targeting the CDK4/6-Rb Pathway Enhances Response to PI3K Inhibition in PIK3CA-Mutant Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 24
Issue 23
Date 2018 Dec 01
URL
Abstract Text Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is a major subtype of non-small cell lung cancer characterized by multiple genetic alterations, particularly PI3K pathway alterations which have been identified in over 50% of LUSC cases. Despite being an attractive target, single-agent PI3K inhibitors have demonstrated modest response in LUSC. Thus, novel combination therapies targeting LUSC are needed.PI3K inhibitors alone and in combination with CDK4/6 inhibitors were evaluated in previously established LUSC patient-derived xenografts (PDX) using an in vivo screening method. Screening results were validated with in vivo expansion to 5 to 8 mice per arm. Pharmacodynamics studies were performed to confirm targeted inhibition of compounds.Consistent with results from The Cancer Genome Atlas analysis of LUSC, genomic profiling of our large cohort of LUSC PDX models identified PI3K pathway alterations in over 50% of the models. In vivo screening using PI3K inhibitors in 12 of these models identified PIK3CA mutation as a predictive biomarker of response (<20% tumor growth compared with baseline/vehicle). Combined inhibition of PI3K and CDK4/6 in models with PIK3CA mutation resulted in greater antitumor effects compared with either monotherapy alone. In addition, the combination of the two drugs achieved targeted inhibition of the PI3K and cell-cycle pathways.PIK3CA mutations predict response to PI3K inhibitors in LUSC. Combined PI3K and CDK4/6 inhibition enhances response to either single agents alone. Our findings provide a rationale for clinical testing of combined PI3K and CDK4/6 inhibitors in PIK3CA-mutant LUSC.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
CDKN2A loss PIK3CA E545K PIK3CA amp lung squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Buparlisib + Palbociclib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of Buparlisib (BYL719) and Ibrance (palbociclib) resulted in increased tumor growth inhibition compared to either agent alone in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of lung squamous cell carcinoma harboring PIK3CA E545K and PIK3CA amplification, with p16 (CDKN2A) loss (PMID: 30093452). 30093452
PIK3CA E545K PIK3CA amp lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Buparlisib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Buparlisib (BKM120) treatment resulted in inhibition of AKT and S6 phosphorylation and durable responses in 2 of 3 lung squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models harboring PIK3CA E545K and PIK3CA amplification (PMID: 30093452). 30093452
PIK3CA E542K PIK3CA amp lung squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Alpelisib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Alpelisib (BYL719) treatment resulted in response in a lung squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring PIK3CA E542K and PIK3CA amplification (PMID: 30093452). 30093452
CDKN2A loss PIK3CA act mut lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Buparlisib + Palbociclib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of Buparlisib (BYL719) and Ibrance (palbociclib) resulted in increased tumor growth inhibition compared to either agent alone in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of lung squamous cell carcinoma harboring PIK3CA E542K or E545K mutations with p16 (CDKN2A) loss, including models that also had either PIK3CA amplification or PTEN loss (PMID: 30093452). 30093452
CDKN2A loss PIK3CA E542K PIK3CA amp lung squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Buparlisib + Palbociclib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of Buparlisib (BYL719) and Ibrance (palbociclib) resulted in increased tumor growth inhibition compared to either agent alone in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of lung squamous cell carcinoma harboring PIK3CA E542K and PIK3CA amplification, with p16 (CDKN2A) loss (PMID: 30093452). 30093452
PIK3CA E542K PIK3CA amp lung squamous cell carcinoma sensitive Buparlisib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Buparlisib (BKM120) treatment resulted in inhibition of AKT and S6 phosphorylation and durable response in a lung squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring PIK3CA E542K and PIK3CA amplification (PMID: 30093452). 30093452
PIK3CA act mut lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Buparlisib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Buparlisib (BKM120) treatment resulted in inhibition of AKT and S6 phosphorylation and durable responses in 4/5 lung squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models harboring PIK3CA E545K or E542K mutations, 3 that also had PIK3CA amplification and 1 with PTEN loss (PMID: 30093452). 30093452
PIK3CA act mut lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alpelisib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Alpelisib (BYL719) treatment resulted in responses in multiple lung squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models harboring PIK3CA E545K or E542K mutations, including models with PIK3CA amplification or PTEN loss (PMID: 30093452). 30093452
PIK3CA amp lung squamous cell carcinoma no benefit Buparlisib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, lung squamous cell carcinoma a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring PIK3CA amplification, without additional PIK3CA mutations, did not respond to Buparlisib (BKM120) treatment (PMID: 30093452). 30093452