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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (32542039)
Authors Odermatt DC, Lee WTC, Wild S, Jozwiakowski SK, Rothenberg E, Gari K
Title Cancer-associated mutations in the iron-sulfur domain of FANCJ affect G-quadruplex metabolism.
Journal PLoS genetics
Vol 16
Issue 6
Date 2020 06
URL
Abstract Text FANCJ/BRIP1 is an iron-sulfur (FeS) cluster-binding DNA helicase involved in DNA inter-strand cross-link (ICL) repair and G-quadruplex (G4) metabolism. Mutations in FANCJ are associated with Fanconi anemia and an increased risk for developing breast and ovarian cancer. Several cancer-associated mutations are located in the FeS domain of FANCJ, but how they affect FeS cluster binding and/or FANCJ activity has remained mostly unclear. Here we show that the FeS cluster is indispensable for FANCJ's ability to unwind DNA substrates in vitro and to provide cellular resistance to agents that induce ICLs. Moreover, we find that FANCJ requires an intact FeS cluster for its ability to unfold G4 structures on the DNA template in a primer extension assay with the lagging-strand DNA polymerase delta. Surprisingly, however, FANCJ variants that are unable to bind an FeS cluster and to unwind DNA in vitro can partially suppress the formation of replisome-associated G4 structures that we observe in a FANCJ knock-out cell line. This may suggest a partially retained cellular activity of FANCJ variants with alterations in the FeS domain. On the other hand, FANCJ knock-out cells expressing FeS cluster-deficient variants display a similar-enhanced-sensitivity towards pyridostatin (PDS) and CX-5461, two agents that stabilise G4 structures, as FANCJ knock-out cells. Mutations in FANCJ that abolish FeS cluster binding may hence be predictive of an increased cellular sensitivity towards G4-stabilising agents.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References