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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Huang S, Pan J, Jin J, Li C, Li X, Huang J, Huang X, Yan X, Li F, Yu M, Hu C, Jin J, Xu Y, Ling Q, Ye W, Wang Y, Jin J|
|Title||Abivertinib, a novel BTK inhibitor: Anti-Leukemia effects and synergistic efficacy with homoharringtonine in acute myeloid leukemia.|
|Date||2019 Oct 01|
|Abstract Text||Ibrutinib, an inhibitor of Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK), has shown promising pharmacologic effects in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we report that abivertinib or AC0010, a novel BTK inhibitor, inhibits cell proliferation, reduces colony-forming capacity, and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in AML cells, especially those harboring FLT3-ITD mutations. Abivertinib was also found to be more sensitive than ibrutinib in treating AML. We demonstrate that in addition to targeting the phosphorylation of BTK, abivertinib also targeted the crucial PI3K survival pathway. Furthermore, abivertinib suppressed the expression of p-FLT3 and the downstream target p-STAT5 in AML cells harboring FLT3-ITD mutations. Moreover, in vitro and in vivo data revealed synergistic activity between abivertinib and homoharringtonine (HHT), a natural plant alkaloid commonly used in China, in treating AML cells with or without FLT3-ITD mutations. Collectively, these preclinical data suggest that abivertinib may be a promising novel agent for AML, with potential for combination treatment with HHT. Clinical studies on abivertinib-involved therapy are planned.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Abivertinib||Avitinib|AC0010|AC0010MA||BTK inhibitor 32 EGFR Inhibitor 3rd gen 24||Abivertinib (AC0010) is a BTK inhibitor and a third-generation EGFR inhibitor that blocks the activity of mutant forms of EGFR while sparing wild-type EGFR, which potentially results in increased apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, and decreased viability and colony formation, and inhibits tumor growth (PMID: 27573423, PMID: 31310800).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|FLT3 exon 14 ins||acute myeloid leukemia||predicted - sensitive||Ibrutinib||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Imbruvica (ibrutinib) treatment reduced viability of acute myeloid leukemia cells harboring FLT3-ITD mutations, however, with decreased response compared to cells treated with Abivertinib (AC0010) in culture (PMID: 31310800).||31310800|
|FLT3 exon 14 ins||acute myeloid leukemia||sensitive||Abivertinib||Preclinical - Patient cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Abivertinib (AC0010) treatment inhibited PI3K signaling and phosphorylation of Btk, Flt3, and Stat5, induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, reduced viability, and inhibited colony formation in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines harboring FLT3-ITD mutations, and decreased viability of patient-derived acute myeloid leukemia blasts harboring FLT3-ITD mutations in culture (PMID: 31310800).||31310800|
|FLT3 exon 14 ins||acute myeloid leukemia||sensitive||Abivertinib + Omacetaxine mepesuccinate||Preclinical - Patient cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of Abivertinib (AC0010) and Synribo (omacetaxine mepesuccinate) resulted in increased apoptosis and reduced viability of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines harboring FLT3-ITD mutations and decreased viability of patient-derived AML cells harboring FLT3-ITD mutations in culture, and reduced tumor burden and increased survival in cell line xenograft models compared to either agent alone (PMID: 31310800).||31310800|