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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (34074656)
Authors Adib E, Nassar AH, Akl EW, Abou Alaiwi S, Nuzzo PV, Mouhieddine TH, Sonpavde G, Haddad RI, Mouw KW, Giannakis M, Hodi FS, Shukla SA, Gusev A, Braun DA, Choueiri TK, Kwiatkowski DJ
Title CDKN2A Alterations and Response to Immunotherapy in Solid Tumors.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 27
Issue 14
Date 2021 Jul 15
URL
Abstract Text Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have shown clinical benefit in many types of metastatic cancers with only a few predictive biomarkers identified so far. CDKN2A is commonly altered in human cancers, but prior studies have provided conflicting evidence regarding the association between CDKN2A genomic alterations (GA) and response to ICIs. Herein, we examined the impact of loss-of-function CDKN2A alterations on response and survival in patients treated with ICIs.We studied the association between loss-of-function CDKN2A alterations and the response to ICIs in two independent cohorts of six different cancer types. Seven hundred and eighty-nine patients treated at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI; Boston, MA) and 1,250 patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC; New York, NY) were included in the final analysis. Patients' tumors were sequenced using Oncopanel or MSK-IMPACT. RNA sequencing data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and IMvigor210 were used to investigate differences in the tumor microenvironment.In the DFCI cohort, CDKN2A GAs were associated with poor response and survival in patients with urothelial carcinoma treated with ICIs, but not those treated with platinum-based therapy. Similarly, CDKN2A GAs were associated with worse outcomes in the MSKCC urothelial carcinoma cohort treated with ICIs. There was no association of CDKN2A status with ICI treatment outcome in five other cancers: esophagogastric, head and neck, non-small cell lung, renal cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Immuno-inflammatory pathways were significantly reduced in expression in CDKN2A-altered tumors.Our data show that CDKN2A GAs were associated with reduced benefit from ICI therapy in urothelial carcinoma as well as changes in the tumor-immune microenvironment.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
CDKN2A del gastroesophageal cancer not predictive unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations in one cohort of esophagogastric cancer patients were not predictive of overall survival or time to treatment failure when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors, but in another cohort were significantly associated with reduced overall survival compared to wild-type CDKN2A (8 months vs 17 months, P=0.006) (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A del lung non-small cell carcinoma not predictive unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations in two cohorts of non-small cell lung cancer patients were not predictive of overall survival or time to treatment failure when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A inact mut head and neck squamous cell carcinoma not predictive unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations in two cohorts of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients were not predictive of overall survival or time to treatment failure when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A inact mut lung non-small cell carcinoma not predictive unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations in two cohorts of non-small cell lung cancer patients were not predictive of overall survival or time to treatment failure when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A inact mut renal cell carcinoma not predictive unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations in one cohort of renal cell carcinoma patients were not predictive of overall survival or time to treatment failure when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors, but in another cohort were significantly associated with reduced overall survival compared to wild-type CDNK2A (13 months vs 50 months, P=0.002)(PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A del renal cell carcinoma not predictive unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations in one cohort of renal cell carcinoma patients were not predictive of overall survival or time to treatment failure when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors, but in another cohort were significantly associated with reduced overall survival compared to wild-type CDNK2A (13 months vs 50 months, P=0.002)(PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A del melanoma decreased response unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor resulted in a decreased response in melanoma patients with homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations compared to patients with wild-type CDKN2A in one cohort, with a lower overall survival (OS) of 27.2 mo vs not yet reached and time to treatment failure of 10 vs 20.1 mo, respectively, but in a second cohort, there was no significant differences in OS (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A inact mut bladder urothelial carcinoma decreased response unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor resulted in a decreased response in urothelial carcinoma patients with either homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations compared to those patients with wild-type CDKN2A in two different cohorts, with an overall survival for each cohort of 8.8 and 11 mo. versus 25.2 and 19 mo, respectively, and time to treatment failure of 4.2 mo. versus 8.4 mo., respectively, in one cohort (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A inact mut melanoma decreased response unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor resulted in a decreased response in melanoma patients with homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations compared to patients with wild-type CDKN2A in one cohort, with a lower overall survival (OS) of 27.2 mo vs not yet reached and time to treatment failure of 10 vs 20.1 mo, respectively, but in a second cohort, there was no significant differences in OS (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A del head and neck squamous cell carcinoma not predictive unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations in two cohorts of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients were not predictive of overall survival or time to treatment failure when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A inact mut gastroesophageal cancer not predictive unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations in one cohort of esophagogastric cancer patients were not predictive of overall survival or time to treatment failure when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors, but in another cohort were significantly associated with reduced overall survival compared to wild-type CDKN2A (8 months vs 17 months, P=0.006) (PMID: 34074656). 34074656
CDKN2A del bladder urothelial carcinoma decreased response unspecified immune checkpoint inhibitor Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor resulted in a decreased response in urothelial carcinoma patients with either homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or loss of function CDKN2A mutations compared to those patients with wild-type CDKN2A in two different cohorts, with an overall survival for each cohort of 8.8 and 11 mo. versus 25.2 and 19 mo, respectively, and time to treatment failure of 4.2 mo. versus 8.4 mo., respectively, in one cohort (PMID: 34074656). 34074656