Reference Detail

Ref Type
PMID (27049722)
Authors Siaw JT, Wan H, Pfeifer K, Rivera VM, Guan J, Palmer RH, Hallberg B
Title Brigatinib, an anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor, abrogates activity and growth in ALK-positive neuroblastoma cells, Drosophila and mice.
Journal Oncotarget
Vol
Issue
Date 2016 Mar 31
URL
Abstract Text Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a tyrosine kinase receptor which has been implicated in numerous solid and hematologic cancers. ALK mutations are reported in about 5-7% of neuroblastoma cases but the ALK-positive percentage increases significantly in the relapsed patient population. Crizotinib, the first clinically approved ALK inhibitor for the treatment of ALK-positive lung cancer has had less dramatic responses in neuroblastoma. Here we investigate the efficacy of a second-generation ALK inhibitor, brigatinib, in a neuroblastoma setting. Employing neuroblastoma cell lines, mouse xenograft and Drosophila melanogaster model systems expressing different constitutively active ALK variants, we show clear and efficient inhibition of ALK activity by brigatinib. Similar abrogation of ALK activity was observed in vitro employing a set of different constitutively active ALK variants in biochemical assays. These results suggest that brigatinib is an effective inhibitor of ALK kinase activity in ALK addicted neuroblastoma that should be considered as a potential future therapeutic option for ALK-positive neuroblastoma patients alone or in combination with other treatments.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK G1269A was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK R1192P was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK R1275Q Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK R1275Q was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture and in cell line xenograft models, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK F1174L was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK F1174V neuroblastoma sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK F1174V were sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture and in vivo, resulting in inhibition of both Alk activity and cell proliferation (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK G1128A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK G1128A was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK Y1278S Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK Y1278S was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK F1245C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK F1245C was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK I1171N was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722