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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (26936915)
Authors Warner KA, Nör F, Acasigua GA, Martins MD, Zhang Z, McLean SA, Spector ME, Chepeha DB, Helman J, Wick MJ, Moskaluk CA, Castilho RM, Pearson AT, Wang S, Nör JE
Title Targeting MDM2 for Treatment of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 22
Issue 14
Date 2016 Jul 15
URL
Abstract Text There are no effective treatment options for patients with advanced adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Here, we evaluated the effect of a new small molecule inhibitor of the MDM2-p53 interaction (MI-773) in preclinical models of ACC.To evaluate the anti-tumor effect of MI-773, we administered it to mice harboring three different patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of ACC expressing functional p53. The effect of MI-773 on MDM2, p53, phospho-p53, and p21 was examined by Western blots in 5 low passage primary human ACC cell lines and in MI-773-treated PDX tumors.Single-agent MI-773 caused tumor regression in the 3 PDX models of ACC studied here. For example, we observed a tumor growth inhibition index of 127% in UM-PDX-HACC-5 tumors that was associated with an increase in the fraction of apoptotic cells (P = 0.015). The number of p53-positive cells was increased in MI-773-treated PDX tumors (P < 0.001), with a correspondent shift in p53 localization from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Western blots demonstrated that MI-773 potently induced expression of p53 and its downstream targets p21, MDM2, and induced phosphorylation of p53 (serine 392) in low passage primary human ACC cells. Notably, MI-773 induced a dose-dependent increase in the fraction of apoptotic ACC cells and in the fraction of cells in the G1 phase of cell cycle (P < 0.05).Collectively, these data demonstrate that therapeutic inhibition of the MDM2-p53 interaction with MI-773 activates downstream effectors of apoptosis and causes robust tumor regression in preclinical models of ACC. Clin Cancer Res; 22(14); 3550-9. ©2016 AACR.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
TP53 wild-type salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma predicted - sensitive SAR405838 Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with SAR405838 (MI-773) resulted in activation of Mdm2 and Tp53 in patient-derived salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) cells in culture, and led to induction of apoptosis and tumor regression in ACC patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models with wild-type TP53 (PMID: 26936915). 26936915