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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Warner KA, Nör F, Acasigua GA, Martins MD, Zhang Z, McLean SA, Spector ME, Chepeha DB, Helman J, Wick MJ, Moskaluk CA, Castilho RM, Pearson AT, Wang S, Nör JE|
|Title||Targeting MDM2 for Treatment of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2016 Jul 15|
|Abstract Text||There are no effective treatment options for patients with advanced adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Here, we evaluated the effect of a new small molecule inhibitor of the MDM2-p53 interaction (MI-773) in preclinical models of ACC.To evaluate the anti-tumor effect of MI-773, we administered it to mice harboring three different patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of ACC expressing functional p53. The effect of MI-773 on MDM2, p53, phospho-p53, and p21 was examined by Western blots in 5 low passage primary human ACC cell lines and in MI-773-treated PDX tumors.Single-agent MI-773 caused tumor regression in the 3 PDX models of ACC studied here. For example, we observed a tumor growth inhibition index of 127% in UM-PDX-HACC-5 tumors that was associated with an increase in the fraction of apoptotic cells (P = 0.015). The number of p53-positive cells was increased in MI-773-treated PDX tumors (P < 0.001), with a correspondent shift in p53 localization from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Western blots demonstrated that MI-773 potently induced expression of p53 and its downstream targets p21, MDM2, and induced phosphorylation of p53 (serine 392) in low passage primary human ACC cells. Notably, MI-773 induced a dose-dependent increase in the fraction of apoptotic ACC cells and in the fraction of cells in the G1 phase of cell cycle (P < 0.05).Collectively, these data demonstrate that therapeutic inhibition of the MDM2-p53 interaction with MI-773 activates downstream effectors of apoptosis and causes robust tumor regression in preclinical models of ACC. Clin Cancer Res; 22(14); 3550-9. ©2016 AACR.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
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|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|TP53 wild-type||salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma||predicted - sensitive||SAR405838||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, treatment with SAR405838 (MI-773) resulted in activation of Mdm2 and Tp53 in patient-derived salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) cells in culture, and led to induction of apoptosis and tumor regression in ACC patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models with wild-type TP53 (PMID: 26936915).||26936915|