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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Drilon A, Siena S, Ou SI, Patel M, Ahn MJ, Lee J, Bauer TM, Farago AF, Wheler JJ, Liu SV, Doebele R, Giannetta L, Cerea G, Marrapese G, Schirru M, Amatu A, Bencardino K, Palmeri L, Sartore-Bianchi A, Vanzulli A, Cresta S, Damian S, Duca M, Ardini E, Li G, Christiansen J, Kowalski K, Johnson AD, Patel R, Luo D, Chow-Maneval E, Hornby Z, Multani PS, Shaw AT, De Braud FG|
|Title||Safety and Antitumor Activity of the Multitargeted Pan-TRK, ROS1, and ALK Inhibitor Entrectinib: Combined Results from Two Phase I Trials (ALKA-372-001 and STARTRK-1).|
|Abstract Text||Entrectinib, a potent oral inhibitor of the tyrosine kinases TRKA/B/C, ROS1, and ALK, was evaluated in two phase I studies in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors, including patients with active central nervous system (CNS) disease. Here, we summarize the overall safety and report the antitumor activity of entrectinib in a cohort of patients with tumors harboring NTRK1/2/3, ROS1, or ALK gene fusions, naïve to prior TKI treatment targeting the specific gene, and who were treated at doses that achieved therapeutic exposures consistent with the recommended phase II dose. Entrectinib was well tolerated, with predominantly Grades 1/2 adverse events that were reversible with dose modification. Responses were observed in non-small cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, mammary analogue secretory carcinoma, melanoma, and renal cell carcinoma, as early as 4 weeks after starting treatment and lasting as long as >2 years. Notably, a complete CNS response was achieved in a patient with SQSTM1-NTRK1-rearranged lung cancer.Significance: Gene fusions of NTRK1/2/3, ROS1, and ALK (encoding TRKA/B/C, ROS1, and ALK, respectively) lead to constitutive activation of oncogenic pathways. Entrectinib was shown to be well tolerated and active against those gene fusions in solid tumors, including in patients with primary or secondary CNS disease. Cancer Discov; 7(4); 400-9. ©2017 AACR.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 339.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ALK fusion||Advanced Solid Tumor||sensitive||Entrectinib||Phase I||Actionable||In a clinical study, combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials showed Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 57% (4/7) in patients with ALK rearranged advanced solid tumors that were treatment-naive, but no response (0/19) in patients who received prior Alk inhibitor treatments (PMID: 28183697).||28183697|
|ALK F1245V||neuroblastoma||predicted - sensitive||Entrectinib||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical study, combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials showed Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment to result in a partial response that lasted 8.3 months in a patient with neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1245V, who remained on treatment for over 3.5 years due to clinical benefit (PMID: 28183697).||28183697|
|ROS1 rearrange||lung non-small cell carcinoma||sensitive||Entrectinib||Phase I||Actionable||In a clinical study, combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials showed Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment to result in complete response in 15% (2/13) and partial response in 77% (10/13) patients with ROS-1 rearranged non-small cell lung carcinoma that were treatment-naive (PMID: 28183697).||28183697|
|ROS1 rearrange||Advanced Solid Tumor||sensitive||Entrectinib||Phase I||Actionable||In a clinical study, combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials showed Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment to result in an objective response rate of 86% (12/14) in patients with ROS-1 rearranged advanced solid tumors that were treatment-naive, but no response (0/6) in patients who received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 28183697).||28183697|