Therapy Detail

Therapy Name Cyclophosphamide + Epirubicin
Therapy Description


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Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Cyclophosphamide Cytoxan CPM Chemotherapy - Alkylating 14 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) is an alkylating agent, which inhibits DNA replication (NCI Drug Dictionary). Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) is FDA approved in multiple hematological malignancies, breast cancer, neuroblastoma, ovarian cancer, and retinoblastoma (NCI Drug Dictionary).
Epirubicin Ellence Chemotherapy - Anthracycline 11 Ellence (epirubicin) is an anthracycline, which intercalates into DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II (PMID: 24367159). Ellence (epirubicin) is FDA approved as a component of adjuvant therapy in patients with evidence of axillary node tumor involvement for primary breast cancer (
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
TP53 P72R TP53 Y220C breast cancer no benefit Cyclophosphamide + Epirubicin Phase I Actionable In a Phase I clinical trial, a breast cancer patient carrying TP53 P72R and Y220C mutations demonstrated incomplete response to treatment with an Ellence (epirubicin)-Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) combination regimen (PMID: 17388661). 17388661
Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status
NCT01901146 Phase III Cyclophosphamide + Epirubicin Paclitaxel + Trastuzumab Efficacy and Safety Study of ABP 980 Compared With Trastuzumab in Subjects With HER2 Positive Early Breast Cancer (Lilac) Completed
NCT01779050 Phase II Trastuzumab Docetaxel Cyclophosphamide + Epirubicin Paclitaxel Cyclophosphamide + Epirubicin + Fluorouracil Carboplatin + Docetaxel Cyclophosphamide + Docetaxel Effect of Trastuzumab on Disease Free Survival in Early Stage HER2-Negative Breast Cancer Patients With ERBB2 Expressing Disseminated Tumor Cells Active, not recruiting
NCT03036488 Phase III Cyclophosphamide + Epirubicin Cyclophosphamide + Doxorubicin Pembrolizumab Carboplatin + Paclitaxel Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy vs Placebo Plus Chemotherapy as Neoadjuvant Therapy and Pembrolizumab vs Placebo as Adjuvant Therapy in Participants With Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) (MK-3475-522/KEYNOTE-522) Active, not recruiting