Therapy Detail

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Therapy Name Cytarabine + Venetoclax
Synonyms
Therapy Description

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Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Cytarabine Cytosar-U Ara-C Cytosar-U (cytarabine) is a cytidine analog that, when incorporated into DNA, inhibits DNA synthesis and repair (PMID: 32524309).
Venetoclax Venclexta ABT-199|RG7601|GDC-0199|ABT119 BCL2 inhibitor 17 Venclexta (venetoclax) is a BH3-mimetic that binds to and inhibits BCL2, resulting in increased tumor cell apoptosis (PMID: 26589495, PMID: 25048785). Venclexta (venetoclax) is FDA approved for use in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), and in combination with chemotherapy in patients 75 years old or older with newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (FDA.gov).

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown acute myeloid leukemia not applicable Cytarabine + Venetoclax FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Venclexta (venetoclax) in combination with low-dose cytarabine resulted in complete remission or complete remission with incomplete count recovery in 54% (44/82) of patients with acute myeloid leukemia who were ineligible for intensive chemotherapy, with a median overall survival of 10 months (ASH Annual Meeting, Dec 2018, Abstract 284; NCT02287233). detail... detail...
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Venetoclax Guideline Actionable Venclexta (venetoclax) in combination with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) is included in guidelines for adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring an IDH1 mutation (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Venetoclax Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Venclexta (venetoclax) in combination with low-dose cytarabine resulted in complete remission or complete remission with incomplete count recovery in 72% (13/18) of patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring IDH1 or IDH2 mutations who were ineligible for intensive chemotherapy (ASH Annual Meeting, Dec 2018, Abstract 284; NCT02287233). detail...
Unknown unknown subacute myeloid leukemia not applicable Cytarabine + Venetoclax Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Venclexta (venetoclax) and Cytosar-U (cytarabine) combination treatment synergistically induced cell death in patient-derived acute myeloid leukemia cells in culture (PMID: 27103402). 27103402
NPM1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia predicted - sensitive Cytarabine + Venetoclax Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Venclexta (venetoclax) in combination with low-dose cytarabine resulted in complete remission or complete remission with incomplete count recovery in 89% (8/9) of patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring NPM1 mutations who were ineligible for intensive chemotherapy (ASH Annual Meeting, Dec 2018, Abstract 284; NCT02287233). detail...
IDH2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Venetoclax Guideline Actionable Venclexta (venetoclax) in combination with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) is included in guidelines for adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring an IDH2 mutation (NCCN.org). detail...
IDH2 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Venetoclax Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Venclexta (venetoclax) in combination with low-dose cytarabine resulted in complete remission or complete remission with incomplete count recovery in 72% (13/18) of patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring IDH1 or IDH2 mutations who were ineligible for intensive chemotherapy (ASH Annual Meeting, Dec 2018, Abstract 284; NCT02287233). detail...
FLT3 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Venetoclax Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Venclexta (venetoclax) in combination with low-dose cytarabine resulted in complete remission or complete remission with incomplete count recovery in 44% (7/16) of patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring FLT3 mutations who were ineligible for intensive chemotherapy (ASH Annual Meeting, Dec 2018, Abstract 284; NCT02287233). detail...
FLT3 mutant acute myeloid leukemia sensitive Cytarabine + Venetoclax Guideline Actionable Venclexta (venetoclax) in combination with Cytosar-U (cytarabine) is included in guidelines for adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia harboring a FLT3 mutation (NCCN.org). detail...

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Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status
NCT03069352 Phase III Cytarabine + Venetoclax Cytarabine A Study of Venetoclax in Combination With Low Dose Cytarabine Versus Low Dose Cytarabine Alone in Treatment Naïve Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Who Are Ineligible for Intensive Chemotherapy Active, not recruiting
NCT02287233 Phase I Cytarabine + Venetoclax A Study Evaluating ABT-199 in Combination With Low-Dose Cytarabine in Treatment-Naïve Subjects With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) Active, not recruiting


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