Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor
||Bavencio (avelumab) is a monoclonal antibody binds to human immunosuppressive ligand programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1, CD274) and blocks protein signaling, resulting in immune regulation and antitumor immunity (PMID: 26014098). Bavencio (avelumab) is FDA-approved for use in patients with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma, and in combination with axitinib in advanced renal cell carcinoma (FDA.gov).
Chemotherapy - Platinum
||Platinol (cisplatin) is a platinum based chemotherapeutic, which is FDA approved for bladder, ovarian, and testicular cancers (NCI Drug Dictionary).
Chemotherapy - Antimetabolite
||Gemzar (gemcitabine) is converted in cells to difluorodeoxycytidine di- and triphosphate (dFdCDP, dFdCTP), which act to inhibit ribonucleoside reductase and as a deoxynucleotide analog respectively, resulting in DNA strand termination and apoptosis (NCI Drug Dictionary).