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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (31924734)
Authors Johnson DB, Zhao F, Noel M, Riely GJ, Mitchell EP, Wright JJ, Chen HX, Gray RJ, Li S, McShane LM, Rubinstein LV, Patton D, Williams PM, Hamilton SR, Conley BA, Arteaga CL, Harris LN, O'Dwyer PJ, Chen AP, Flaherty KT
Title Trametinib Activity in Patients with Solid Tumors and Lymphomas Harboring BRAF Non-V600 Mutations or Fusions: Results from NCI-MATCH (EAY131).
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 26
Issue 8
Date 2020 Apr 15
URL
Abstract Text Substantial preclinical evidence and case reports suggest that MEK inhibition is an active approach in tumors with BRAF mutations outside the V600 locus, and in BRAF fusions. Thus, Subprotocol R of the NCI-MATCH study tested the MEK inhibitor trametinib in this population.The NCI-MATCH study performed genomic profiling on tumor samples from patients with solid tumors and lymphomas progressing on standard therapies or with no standard treatments. Patients with prespecified fusions and non-V600 mutations in BRAF were assigned to Subprotocol R using the NCI-MATCHBOX algorithm. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR).Among 50 patients assigned, 32 were eligible and received therapy with trametinib. Of these, 1 had a BRAF fusion and 31 had BRAF mutations (13 and 19 with class 2 and 3 mutations, respectively). There were no complete responses; 1 patient (3%) had a confirmed partial response (patient with breast ductal adenocarcinoma with BRAF G469E mutation) and 10 patients had stable disease as best response (clinical benefit rate 34%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 1.8 months, and median overall survival was 5.7 months. Exploratory subgroup analyses showed that patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma (n = 8) had particularly poor PFS. No new toxicity signals were identified.Trametinib did not show promising clinical activity in patients with tumors harboring non-V600 BRAF mutations, and the subprotocol did not meet its primary endpoint.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF G464V lung adenocarcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF G464V (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF D594G gastrointestinal system cancer no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in 4 patients with gastrointestinal system cancer harboring BRAF D594G (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G469E spindle cell carcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in stable disease with a progression-free survival of 6.9 months in a patient with spindle cell carcinoma harboring a BRAF G464E (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF K601E prostate adenocarcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in a near partial response in a patient with prostate adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF K601E until disease progression at 9.7 months (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF mutant Advanced Solid Tumor no benefit Trametinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion (n=1) or non-V600 mutations (n=31), resulted in a partial response in 3% (1/32) and stable disease in 31% (10/32) of the patients, with a median progression-free survival of 1.8 months, and a median overall survival of 5.7 months (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF fusion prostate cancer no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in a patient with prostate cancer harboring a BRAF fusion (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G466V Advanced Solid Tumor no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in a patient with tumor of unknown primary harboring BRAF G464V (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF L597V endometrial adenocarcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in stable disease with a progression-free survival of 7.9 months in a patient with endometrial adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF L597V (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G466A lung adenocarcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in 1 and stable disease in 2 patients with lung adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF G466A (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF D594G prostate cancer no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in stable disease in a patient with prostate cancer harboring BRAF D594G (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G469A lung adenocarcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in stable disease in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF G469A, who remained on therapy for 20.4 months without progression (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G466A prostate cancer no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in a patient with prostate cancer harboring BRAF G466A (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF mutant lymphoma no benefit Trametinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion (n=1) or non-V600 mutations (n=31), resulted in a partial response in 3% (1/32) and stable disease in 31% (10/32) of the patients, with a median progression-free survival of 1.8 months, and a median overall survival of 5.7 months (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G466V lung adenocarcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF G466V (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF D594N female reproductive organ cancer no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in stable disease in a patient with gynecological cancer harboring BRAF D594N (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF N581S lung adenocarcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF N581S (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G469V osteosarcoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in progressive disease in a patient with osteosarcoma of the renal pelvis harboring BRAF G469V (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G469E breast ductal carcinoma predicted - sensitive Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, only 1 patient with breast ductal carcinoma harboring BRAF G469E achieved a partial response with a tumor shrinkage of 50% at 4 months, but the patient died suddenly at 4.3 months with no disease progression (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF G466A gastrointestinal system cancer no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in stable disease in a patient with gastrointestinal system cancer harboring BRAF G466A (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF D594G lung adenocarcinoma no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in stable disease in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring BRAF D594G (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734
BRAF N581S female reproductive organ cancer no benefit Trametinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial (NCI-MATCH), Mekinist (trametinib) treatment did not demonstrate clinical activity in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma harboring BRAF fusion or non-V600 mutations, resulted in stable disease in a patient with gynecologic cancer harboring BRAF N581S (PMID: 31924734; NCT02465060). 31924734