DNMT inhibitor (Pan)
||Vidaza (azacitidine) is a cytidine analog that incorporates into DNA and RNA and binds to DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), resulting in DNMT degradation and decreased DNA methylation, and leading to increased tumor cell death (PMID: 28159832, PMID: 28067760). Vidaza (azacitidine) is FDA-approved for use in patients with some subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome (FDA.gov).
Chemotherapy - Antimetabolite
||Gemzar (gemcitabine) is converted in cells to difluorodeoxycytidine di- and triphosphate (dFdCDP, dFdCTP), which act to inhibit ribonucleoside reductase and as a deoxynucleotide analog respectively, resulting in DNA strand termination and apoptosis (NCI Drug Dictionary).
||Zolinza (vorinostat) inhibits HDAC activity, resulting in cell-cycle arrest, decreased proliferation, and increased differentiation of tumor cells (PMID: 9501205, PMID: 11731433, PMID: 11016644). Zolinza (vorinostat) is FDA approved for use in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (FDA.gov).