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|Therapy Name||Azacitidine + Leuprolide + Tretinoin|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Azacitidine||Vidaza||azacytidine|CC-486|5-azacytidine|5-AC|U-18496||DNMT inhibitor (Pan) 5||Vidaza (azacitidine) is a cytidine analog that incorporates into DNA and RNA and binds to DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), resulting in DNMT degradation and decreased DNA methylation, and leading to increased tumor cell death (PMID: 28159832, PMID: 28067760). Vidaza (azacitidine) is FDA-approved for use in patients with some subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome (FDA.gov).|
|Leuprolide||Lupron||Leuprorelin||Lupron (leuprolide) is an agonist of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), which results decreased testosterone production in males and decreased estradiol production in females, potentially leading to decreased growth of androgen-positive tumors (NCI Drug Dictionary).|
|Tretinoin||Aberel|Aknoten|Avita|Renova|Retin-A|all-trans retinoic acid|Vitamin A Acid|ATRA||Tretinoin is a form of retinoic acid, which binds to retinoic acid receptors and activates downstream signaling, potentially inducing cell differentiation and subsequently, apoptosis (PMID: 11704842). Tretinoin is FDA approved for patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia harboring PML-RARA (FDA.gov).|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Clinical Trial||Phase||Therapies||Title||Recruitment Status|
|NCT03572387||Phase II||Azacitidine + Leuprolide + Tretinoin||A Pilot Study of 5-AZA and ATRA for Prostate Cancer With PSA-only Recurrence After Local Treatment||Recruiting|