Therapy Detail

Contact

Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at : ckbsupport@jax.org

Therapy Name Tipifarnib
Synonyms
Therapy Description

Zarnestra (tipifarnib) is a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, which alters post-translational modification and activation of Ras proteins, and may result in decreased tumor cell proliferation and reduced tumor growth (PMID: 11196150, PMID: 25323927).

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Tipifarnib Zarnestra|R115777 Farnesyltransferase Inhibitor 3 Zarnestra (tipifarnib) is a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, which alters post-translational modification and activation of Ras proteins, and may result in decreased tumor cell proliferation and reduced tumor growth (PMID: 11196150, PMID: 25323927, PMID: 32557577).

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
HRAS act mut salivary gland carcinoma sensitive Tipifarnib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical study, Zarnestra (tipifarnib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 8% (n=13) with one ongoing partial response with a duration of 14 months and stable disease as the best response in 58% (7/12) of evaluable patients with HRAS-mutant metastatic salivary gland carcinoma, and a median overall survival of 18 months, and a median progression-free survival of 7 months (PMID: 32557577). 32557577
HRAS G13R renal pelvis transitional cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial, Zarnestra (tipifarnib) demonstrated manageable toxicity profile, resulted in an objective response rate of 33.3% (5/15) in patients with transitional cell carcinoma harboring HRAS mutations, a patient with renal pelvis transitional cell carcinoma harboring HRAS G13R achieved a partial response (PMID: 32636318; NCT02535650). 32636318
HRAS G13R head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring HRAS G13R was sensitive to treatment with Zarnestra (tipifarnib), demonstrating inhibition of tumor growth, decreased cell proliferation, and reduced Erk activity (PMID: 32727882). 32727882
HRAS G12S head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring HRAS G12S was sensitive to treatment with Zarnestra (tipifarnib), demonstrating inhibition of tumor growth, decreased cell proliferation, and reduced Erk activity (PMID: 32727882). 32727882
HRAS A146T head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring HRAS A146T was sensitive to treatment with Zarnestra (tipifarnib), demonstrating inhibition of tumor growth, decreased cell proliferation, and reduced Erk activity (PMID: 32727882). 32727882
HRAS K117N head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model harboring HRAS K117N was sensitive to treatment with Zarnestra (tipifarnib), demonstrating inhibition of tumor growth, decreased cell proliferation, and reduced Erk activity (PMID: 32727882). 32727882
HRAS act mut transitional cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Zarnestra (tipifarnib) demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma harboring HRAS mutations (n=14) or STK11:rs2075606, 3 of 4 patients achieved progression-free survival at 6 months harbored HRAS activating mutations, and no response was observed in HRAS wild-type patients (J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr 5086); NCT02535650). detail...
HRAS Q61R bladder urothelial carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial, Zarnestra (tipifarnib) demonstrated manageable toxicity profile, resulted in an objective response rate of 33.3% (5/15) in patients with transitional cell carcinoma harboring HRAS mutations, 2 patients with bladder urothelial carcinoma harbored HRAS Q61R achieved partial responses (PMID: 32636318; NCT02535650). 32636318
HRAS G12S renal pelvis transitional cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial, Zarnestra (tipifarnib) demonstrated manageable toxicity profile, resulted in an objective response rate of 33.3% (5/15) in patients with transitional cell carcinoma harboring HRAS mutations, a patient with renal pelvis transitional cell carcinoma harboring HRAS G12S achieved a partial response (PMID: 32636318; NCT02535650). 32636318
HRAS mutant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (KO-TIP-001), Zarnestra (tipifarnib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 56% (10/18) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma harboring HRAS missense mutations at a variant allele frequency over 20%, with a median progression-free survival of 6.1 months (J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr 6504); NCT02383927). detail...
HRAS mutant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines harboring an HRAS mutation were sensitive to treatment with Zarnestra (tipifarnib), demonstrating reduced cell growth and decreased phosphorylation of Erk and Mek, and inhibition of spheroid viability in culture (PMID: 32727882). 32727882
HRAS over exp head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Zarnestra (tipifarnib) treatment resulted in tumor regression in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma overexpressing wild-type Hras (J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr e15658)). detail...
HRAS V29Cfs*19 bladder urothelial carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial, Zarnestra (tipifarnib) demonstrated manageable toxicity profile, resulted in an objective response rate of 33.3% (5/15) in patients with transitional cell carcinoma harboring HRAS mutations, a patient with bladder urothelial carcinoma harboring HRAS V29Cfs*19 achieved a partial response (PMID: 32636318; NCT02535650). 32636318
HRAS mutant salivary gland cancer predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (KO-TIP-001), Zarnestra (tipifarnib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 8% (1/12) in patients with recurrent or metastatic salivary gland cancer harboring HRAS mutations, with a median progression-free survival of 7 months (J Clin Oncol 38: 2020 (suppl; abstr 6504); NCT02383927). detail...
HRAS G12C head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell line xenograft model harboring HRAS G12C was sensitive to treatment with Zarnestra (tipifarnib), demonstrating inhibition of tumor growth and vessel formation, increased apoptotic activity, and decreased cell proliferation (PMID: 32727882). 32727882
HRAS Q61L head and neck squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell line xenograft model harboring HRAS Q61L was sensitive to treatment with Zarnestra (tipifarnib), demonstrating inhibition of tumor growth and vessel formation, increased apoptotic activity, and decreased cell proliferation (PMID: 32727882). 32727882
HRAS mutant transitional cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Tipifarnib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Zarnestra (tipifarnib) demonstrated manageable toxicity profile, resulted in an objective response rate of 33.3% (5/15) in patients with transitional cell carcinoma harboring HRAS missense (Q61R, G12S, G13R) or frameshift (V29Cfs*19) mutations, progression-free survival was significantly improved in patients harboring HRAS mutations (5.1 vs 0.8 months, HR=0.262) compared to wild-type patients (PMID: 32636318; NCT02535650). 32636318

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status Covered Countries Other Countries
NCT02383927 Phase II Tipifarnib Phase II Study of Tipifarnib in Squamous Head and Neck Cancer With HRAS Mutations Active, not recruiting USA 9
NCT02807272 Phase II Tipifarnib Tipifarnib in Subjects With Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) Active, not recruiting USA 0
NCT00006199 Phase I Tipifarnib Topotecan Study of the Farnesyl Transferase Inhibitor, R115777, in Combination With Topotecan (NYU 99-32) Unknown status USA 0
NCT03719690 Phase II Tipifarnib Safety and Efficacy of Tipifarnib in Head and Neck Cancer With HRAS Mutations and Impact of HRAS on Response to Therapy (AIM-HN/SEQ-HN) Recruiting USA 17
NCT02779777 Phase II Tipifarnib Tipifarnib in Subjects With Transfusion-dependent, Very Low, Low, or Intermediate Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes Terminated USA 0
NCT02464228 Phase II Tipifarnib Study of Tipifarnib in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Active, not recruiting USA 2
NCT04284774 Phase II Tipifarnib Tipifarnib for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors, Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders With HRAS Gene Alterations, a Pediatric MATCH Treatment Trial Recruiting USA 1


Additional content available in CKB BOOST