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|Therapy Name||Atezolizumab + Avelumab + Durvalumab + Nivolumab + Pembrolizumab + Plinabulin|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Atezolizumab||Tecentriq||RG7446|MPDL3280A||Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 79||Tecentriq (atezolizumab) is a monoclonal antibody against PD-L1 (CD274), preventing activation of its receptor, potentially enhancing T-cell-mediated immune response to neoplasms and inhibiting T-cell inactivation (PMID: 29449897). Tecentriq (atezolizumab) is FDA approved for use in PD-L1 positive advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma not eligible for cisplatin-containing chemotherapy, in advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma not eligible for chemotherapy or progressed on platinum-based chemotherapy, in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progressed on platinum-containing therapy, as first-line therapy in metastatic NSCLC with high PD-L1 expression (TC>=50% or IC>=10%) and without EGFR or ALK alterations, for adjuvant treatment in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1% tumor cell expression) NSCLC, in combination with bevacizumab, paclitaxel, and carboplatin as first-line therapy for non-squamous NSCLC with no EGFR or ALK aberrations, in combination with paclitaxel protein-bound and carboplatin in metastatic non-squamous NSCLC with no EGFR or ALK aberrations, in combination with paclitaxel protein-bound in advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer expressing PD-L1, in combination with carboplatin and etoposide in extensive-stage small cell lung cancer, in combination with bevacizumab in hepatocellular carcinoma without prior systemic therapy, and in combination with cobimetinib and vemurafenib in BRAF V600-mutated melanoma (FDA.gov).|
|Avelumab||Bavencio||MSB0010718C||Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 79||Bavencio (avelumab) is a monoclonal antibody binds to human immunosuppressive ligand programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1, CD274) and blocks protein signaling, resulting in immune regulation and antitumor immunity (PMID: 26014098). Bavencio (avelumab) is FDA-approved for use in adult and pediatric patients of 12 years or older with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma, as maintenance therapy in locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC), in locally advanced or metastatic UC that progressed following chemotherapy, and in combination with axitinib as first-line therapy in advanced renal cell carcinoma (FDA.gov).|
|Durvalumab||Imfinzi||MEDI4736||Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 79||Imfinzi (durvalumab) is a monoclonal antibody that binds to and inhibits PD-L1 (CD274), potentially resulting in increased immune response to tumors (PMID: 25943534, PMID: 28214651). Imfinzi (durvalumab) is FDA approved for use in patients with urothelial carcinoma and unresectable, stage III non-small cell lung cancer, and in combination with etoposide and carboplatin or cisplatin in patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer (FDA.gov).|
|Nivolumab||Opdivo||MDX-1106|BMS-936558||Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 79||Opdivo (nivolumab) is an antibody that targets PD-1 (PDCD1), which results in increased T-cell activation and enhanced anti-tumor immune response (PMID: 28891423). Opdivo (nivolumab) is FDA approved for use as a monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, urothelial carcinoma, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, resected esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer, as a monotherapy or in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) in patients with melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (including patients 12 years or older), and hepatocellular carcinoma, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) as first-line therapy in patients with PD-L1-positive (>=1%) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) and platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer without EGFR or ALK alterations, in combination with Cabometyx (cabozantinib) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma, and in combination with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy in patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, gastroesophageal junction cancer, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (FDA.gov).|
|Pembrolizumab||Keytruda||MK-3475||Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor 135 PD-L1/PD-1 antibody 79||Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is an antibody against PD-1 that activates T-cell mediated anti-tumor immune response (PMID: 25977344). Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is approved in melanoma, SCLC, HNSCC, classical Hodgkin Lymphoma, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, urothelial carcinoma, HCC, Merkel cell carcinoma, NMIBC, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, MSI-H or dMMR or TMB high advanced solid tumors, CD274 (PD-L1)-expressing NSCLC, gastric and GEJ adenocarcinoma, squamous esophageal carcinoma, cervical cancer, and triple-negative breast cancer, in combination with pemetrexed and platinum in non-squamous NSCLC with no EGFR or ALK mutations, with carboplatin and paclitaxel/nab-paclitaxel in squamous NSCLC, with axitinib or lenvatinib in RCC, with Lenvatinib in endometrial carcinoma that is not MSI-H or dMMR, in combination with platinum and fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy for patients with esophageal or gastroesophageal carcinoma, in combination with Herceptin (trastuzumab), fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy for first-line treatment of patients with HER2-positive gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, and in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, for patients with CD274 (PD-L1)-expressing (CPS>=1) cervical cancer (FDA.gov).|
|Plinabulin||NPI-2358||Antimicrotubule Agent 13||Plinabulin (NPI-2358) is a diketopiperazine derivative that disrupts microtubule organization, leading to cell cycle arrest in tumor cells and collapse of tumor vasculature (PMID: 16317287, PMID: 31811421).|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Clinical Trial||Phase||Therapies||Title||Recruitment Status||Covered Countries||Other Countries|
|NCT04902040||Phase Ib/II||Atezolizumab + Avelumab + Durvalumab + Nivolumab + Pembrolizumab + Plinabulin Atezolizumab + Avelumab + Durvalumab + Nivolumab + Pembrolizumab||Plinabulin in Combination With Radiation/Immunotherapy in Patients With Select Advanced Cancers After Progression on PD-1 or PD-L1 Targeted Antibodies||Recruiting||USA||0|