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|Therapy Name||Olaparib + Paclitaxel|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Olaparib||Lynparza||AZD2281|KU-0059436||PARP Inhibitor (Pan) 26||Lynparza (olaparib) binds to and inhibits PARP, resulting in inhibition of DNA repair and lethality in homologous-recombination deficient cells, and may be a sensitizing agent for chemotherapy and radiotherapy (PMID: 25028150, PMID: 24225019). Lynparza (olaparib) is FDA approved for treatment of ERBB2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA mutations, ovarian cancer with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA mutations and received 3 or more prior therapies, metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA mutations as a maintenance therapy, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic homologous recombination repair gene mutations who progressed following enzalutamide or abiraterone, as a maintenance therapy in recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer and in epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic BRCA mutation, and in combination with Avastin (bevacizumab) as maintenance therapy in HDR defective epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer as defined by deleterious or suspected deleterious BRCA mutation, and/or genomic instability (FDA.gov).|
|Paclitaxel||Taxol||7-Epipaclitaxel||Antimicrotubule Agent 13 BCL2 Family Inhibitor 6||Taxol (paclitaxel) binds to tubulin to inhibit microtubule disassembly, which results in decreased cell division, and also binds to the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2, promoting apoptosis (NCI Drug Dictionary).|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ATM negative||stomach cancer||no benefit||Olaparib + Paclitaxel||Phase III||Actionable||In a Phase III trial (GOLD), addition of Lynparza (olaparib) to Taxol (paclitaxel) did not significantly improve overall survival (12.0 vs 10.0 months, HR=0.73, p=0.25) compared to Taxol (paclitaxel) alone in Asian patients with ATM-negative gastric cancer (PMID: 29103871; NCT01924533).||29103871|
|ATM dec exp||stomach cancer||predicted - sensitive||Olaparib + Paclitaxel||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial, addition of Lynparza (olaparib) to Taxol (paclitaxel) did not significantly improve progression free survival (5.29 vs 3.68 months) compared to Taxol alone, but did significantly prolong overall survival (HR = 0.35) in metastatic gastric cancer patients with decreased Atm expression (PMID: 26282658; NCT01063517).||26282658|
|Clinical Trial||Phase||Therapies||Title||Recruitment Status||Covered Countries||Other Countries|