Therapy Detail

Therapy Name Cetuximab + FOLFIRI + Bevacizumab
Therapy Description

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Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Bevacizumab Avastin VEGF Antibody 10 VEGFR Inhibitor (Pan) 29 Avastin (bevacizumab) is a monoclonal antibody that binds VEGF and inhibits binding to VEGFR, potentially resulting in decreased tumor growth (PMID: 15136787). Avastin (bevacizumab) is FDA approved for use in colorectal cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, glioblastoma, renal cell carcinoma, cervical carcinoma, and ovarian cancer, and in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel in epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer (FDA.gov).
Cetuximab Erbitux EGFR Antibody 27 Erbitux (cetuximab) is a monoclonal antibody directed against EGFR, which inhibits signal transduction and cell proliferation (PMID: 28695301). Erbitux (cetuximab) is FDA approved for use in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and KRAS wild-type, EGFR positive colorectal cancer (FDA.gov).
Fluorouracil Adrucil 5-FU Chemotherapy - Antimetabolite 10 Adrucil (fluorouracil) is an antimetabolite chemotherapeutic agent, which interferes with DNA and RNA synthesis thereby preventing cancer cell growth (NCI Drug Dictionary). Fluorouracil is FDA approved for colorectal, breast, stomach, and pancreatic cancer (FDA.gov).
Irinotecan Camptosar CPT-11|Onivyde TOPO1 inhibitor 7 Camptosar (irinotecan) inhibits Topoisomerase-I activity, resulting in inhibition of DNA replication, and potentially leading to cell death (NCI Drug Dictionary). Camptosar (irinotecan) is indicated as a component of first-line therapy in combination with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin for patients with metastatic or recurrent colorectal carcinoma (FDA.gov).
Leucovorin Wellcovorin Calcium folinate|Calcium citrovorum factor|folinic acid Chemotherapy - Antimetabolite 10 Wellcovorin (leucovorin) is a metabolite of folate that enhances the efficacy of fluoruracil (NCI Drug Dictionary).
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BRAF wild-type KRAS wild-type NRAS wild-type colorectal cancer predicted - sensitive Cetuximab + FOLFIRI + Bevacizumab Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (MACBETH), first-line treatment with the combination of Erbitux (cetuximab) and FOLFIRI, followed by Avastin (bevacizumab) maintenance, demonstrated activity in BRAF/KRAS/NRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer patients, resulting in a median overall survival in the intent-to-treat population of 32.2 mo and response rate of 75% (43/57), however, resulted in a 10-mo PFS rate of 40.4% (23/57), which did not meet the primary endpoint of 70% (PMID: 29450468; NCT02295930). 29450468
Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status