Gene Variant Detail

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Gene KIT
Variant D816V
Impact List missense
Protein Effect gain of function
Gene Variant Descriptions KIT D816V lies within the tyrosine kinase domain 2 of the Kit protein (PMID: 19865100). D816V results in constitutive phosphorylation of Kit, activation of Stat5 signaling (PMID: 19865100, PMID: 18390729), induces mastocytosis and tumor formation in mice (PMID: 21148330) and confers resistance to Kit inhibitors (PMID: 22301675, PMID: 19164557).
Associated Drug Resistance Y
Category Variants Paths

KIT mutant KIT act mut KIT D816V

KIT mutant KIT exon17 KIT D816X KIT D816V

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Transcript NM_000222.3
gDNA chr4:g.54733155A>T
cDNA c.2447A>T
Protein p.D816V
Source Database RefSeq
Genome Build GRCh38/hg38
Transcript gDNA cDNA Protein Source Database Genome Build
NM_001093772.1 chr4:g.54733167A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
XM_017008179.1 chr4:g.54733167A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_000222 chr4:g.54733155A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
XM_005265741.1 chr4:g.54733155A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_000222.3 chr4:g.54733155A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
XM_005265741 chr4:g.54733155A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_001385290.1 chr4:g.54733155A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_001093772.2 chr4:g.54733167A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_000222.2 chr4:g.54733155A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_001093772 chr4:g.54733167A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
XM_017008179 chr4:g.54733167A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38
NM_001385292.1 chr4:g.54733167A>T c.2447A>T p.D816V RefSeq GRCh38/hg38

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
KIT act mut gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Cabozantinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Cometriq (cabozantinib) decreased cell viability in imatinib-sensitive and resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) cell lines harboring KIT activating mutations in culture, and induced tumor regression in KIT-mutant GIST mouse models (PMID: 25836719). 25836719
KIT act mut Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive PLX9486 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX9486 inhibited KIT mutations, including exon 17 mutations, and demonstrated in vivo and in vitro activity against tumors harboring KIT exon 17 mutations (Cancer Res February 1, 2016 76; IA32). detail...
KIT act mut skin melanoma sensitive Ripretinib Guideline Actionable Qinlock (ripretinib) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma patients with KIT activating mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT act mut skin melanoma sensitive Dasatinib Guideline Actionable Sprycel (dasatinib) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma patients with KIT activating mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT act mut skin melanoma sensitive Imatinib Guideline Actionable Gleevec (imatinib) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma patients with KIT activating mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT act mut skin melanoma sensitive Nilotinib Guideline Actionable Tasigna (nilotinib) is included in guidelines as second-line therapy for metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma patients with KIT activating mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT act mut gastrointestinal stromal tumor not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic KIT activating mutations aid the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT act mut gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Pexidartinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PLX3397 inhibited growth of gastrointestinal stromal tumor cell lines harboring KIT activating mutations in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 24583793). 24583793
KIT mutant melanoma predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Qinlock (ripretinib) treatment demonstrated manageable safety and preliminary efficacy in patients with KIT-mutated melanoma, and led to an objective response rate of 23% (6/26, 1 complete and 5 partial responses), a median progression-free survival of 7.3 months, and a median duration of response of 9.1 months (PMID: 35753087; NCT02571036). 35753087
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Qinlock (ripretinib) was well tolerated, resulted in an objective response in 11.3% (16/142, 16 partial responses) and stable disease in 61.3% (87/142) of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor harboring KIT (exon 11, n=103; exon 9, n=26; other, n=6) or PDGFRA mutations (n=7), with a median progression-free survival of 5.6 months (PMID: 32804590; NCT02571036). 32804590
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Ripretinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Qinlock (ripretinib) demonstrated preliminary safety and efficacy in patients with advanced solid tumors, including KIT-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), with 1 patient harboring KIT exon 11 and 17 mutations demonstrating a partial response, and 7/7 KIT-mutant GIST patients demonstrating a partial metabolic response (EORTC-NCI-AACR 2016, Abs 7LBA). detail...
KIT mutant melanoma sensitive Nilotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Tasigna (nilotinib) treatment resulted in complete response in 4% (1/25), durable partial response in 16% (4/25), and stable disease in 56% (14/25) of melanoma patients harboring KIT mutations (PMID: 28843487; NCT01168050). 28843487
KIT mutant melanoma sensitive Nilotinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Tasigna (nilotinib) treatment in patients with melanoma harboring KIT mutations resulted in an overall response rate of 26.2% (11/42), which included 11 patients with a partial response, a median duration of response of 7.1 months, and an overall survival of 18 months (PMID: 28327988; NCT01028222). 28327988
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic KIT mutations are used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (PMID: 25193432, PMID: 26276366, PMID: 25729899). 25193432 26276366 25729899
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Imatinib + Infigratinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Truseltiq (infigratinib) and Gleevec (imatinib) combination treatment demonstrated enhanced antitumor activity in patient derived xenograft models of gastrointestinal stromal tumor harboring KIT mutations (PMID: 25673643). 25673643
KIT mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Avapritinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I (NAVIGATOR) trial, Ayvakit (avapritinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 13% (7/52, 7 partial responses) and a disease control rate of 63% (33/52) in patients with KIT-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (The CTOS 2018 Annual Meeting, Nov 14-17, Rome Italy, Paper 012 3027631; NCT02508532). detail...
KIT D816X systemic mastocytosis not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic Activating mutations at codon 816 of KIT aid in the diagnosis of systemic mastocytosis (NCCN.org). detail...
KIT exon17 Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Avapritinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Ayvakit (avapritinib) inhibited Kit phosphorylation and proliferation of various tumor cell lines harboring KIT exon 17 mutations in culture, and induced tumor regression in an allograft animal model (PMID: 29093181). 29093181
KIT exon17 melanoma not predictive Pembrolizumab Clinical Study Actionable In a retrospective analysis, real-world treatment with either Keytruda (pembrolizumab) or Toripalimab (JS001) resulted in a median disease-free survival of 33 months in melanoma patients harboring KIT mutations in either exon 11 (64.8%), exon 13 (17.6%), or exon 17 (17.6%) compared to 32 months in patients with wild-type BRAF, NRAS, and KIT (p=0.200) (PMID: 37403699). 37403699
KIT exon17 melanoma sensitive Regorafenib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II trial, second or later-line Stivarga (regorafenib) treatment resulted in a disease control rate of 73.9% (17/23, 2 complete responses, 5 partial responses), an objective response rate of 30.4% (7/23), and median overall survival (mOS) of 21.5 months in patients with melanoma harboring KIT exon 9, 11, 13, or 17 mutations, and improved mOS in patients with non-exon 11 mutations compared to patients with exon 11 mutations (24.9 mo vs 18.3 mo, P=0.042) (PMID: 37741071; NCT02501551). 37741071
KIT exon17 gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive PLX9486 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, PLX9486 demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy, resulted in a progression-free survival of more than 24 weeks and partial response in 8.3% (2/24) of patients with advanced solid tumors, 20 of these patients had gastrointestinal stromal tumor that progressed on Gleevec (imatinib mesylate), and most harbored KIT exon 11 and exon 17 mutations (Journal of Clinical Oncology 36, no. 15_suppl (May 20 2018) 11509-11509; NCT02401815). detail...
KIT exon17 gastrointestinal stromal tumor sensitive Avapritinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Ayvakit (avapritinib) demonstrated preliminary antitumor activity in gastrointestinal stromal tumor patients harboring KIT mutations, with reduced tumor burden in 38% (5/13) of patients, including 1 partial response and 4 stable diseases, and 3 of the 5 responding patients harbored KIT exon 17 mutations (EORTC-NCI-AACR 2016, Abs 6LBA). detail...
KIT exon17 melanoma not predictive Toripalimab-tpzi Clinical Study Actionable In a retrospective analysis, real-world treatment with either Keytruda (pembrolizumab) or Loqtorz (toripalimab-tpzi) resulted in a median disease-free survival of 33 months in melanoma patients harboring KIT mutations in either exon 11 (64.8%), exon 13 (17.6%), or exon 17 (17.6%) compared to 32 months in patients with wild-type BRAF, NRAS, and KIT (p=0.200) (PMID: 37403699). 37403699
KIT exon17 mucosal melanoma predicted - sensitive Avapritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Ayvakit (avapritinib) resulted in a reduction of the metastatic lesions, including brain metastases, in a patient with mucosal melanoma harboring a KIT exon 17 mutation (PMID: 35820244). 35820244
KIT exon17 gastrointestinal stromal tumor predicted - sensitive Pexidartinib + PLX9486 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, PLX9486 and Pexidartinib (PLX3397) combination therapy demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy, resulted in a partial response rate of 8.3% (1/12) and progression-free survival not yet reached in patients with advanced solid tumors, 11 of these patients had gastrointestinal stromal tumor that progressed on Gleevec (imatinib mesylate), and most harbored KIT exon 11 and exon 17 mutations (Journal of Clinical Oncology 36, no. 15_suppl (May 20 2018) 11509-11509; NCT02401815). detail...