Therapy Detail

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Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Capecitabine Xeloda R340 Chemotherapy - Antimetabolite 11 Xeloda (capecitabine) is an antimetabolite that when activated to 5-FU ultimately inhibits DNA synthesis and cell division (NCI Drug Dictionary).
Cisplatin Platinol CDDP Chemotherapy - Platinum 6 Platinol (cisplatin) is a platinum based chemotherapeutic, which is FDA approved for bladder, ovarian, and testicular cancers (NCI Drug Dictionary).
Epirubicin Ellence Epirubicin Hydrochloride Chemotherapy - Anthracycline 11 Ellence (epirubicin) is an anthracycline, which intercalates into DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II (PMID: 24367159). Ellence (epirubicin) is FDA approved as a component of adjuvant therapy in patients with evidence of axillary node tumor involvement for primary breast cancer (FDA.gov).
Gemcitabine Gemzar Difluorodeoxycytidine Hydrochlorothiazide|LY-188011 Chemotherapy - Antimetabolite 11 Gemzar (gemcitabine) is converted in cells to difluorodeoxycytidine di- and triphosphate (dFdCDP, dFdCTP), which act to inhibit ribonucleoside reductase and as a deoxynucleotide analog respectively, resulting in DNA strand termination and apoptosis (NCI Drug Dictionary).
Metformin Glucophage Apo-Metformin mTOR Inhibitor 51 Glucophage (metformin) inhibits part of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and may exert antineoplastic effects through inhibition of mTOR and is FDA approved for type 2 diabetes (FDA.gov).

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown pancreatic cancer no benefit Capecitabine + Cisplatin + Epirubicin + Gemcitabine + Metformin Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, pancreatic cancer patients treated with PEXG combined with Glucophage (metformin) demonstrated a 6 month PFS of 42% (13/31), which did not differ from the control group 6 month PFS of 52% (15/29) (PMID: 26459175). 26459175

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Clinical Trial Phase Therapies Title Recruitment Status


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