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Gene ALK
Variant fusion
Impact List fusion
Protein Effect unknown
Gene Variant Descriptions ALK fusion indicates a fusion of the ALK gene, but the fusion partner is unknown.
Associated Drug Resistance

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No Variant Reference Transcript is Available.
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Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). detail... 28586279 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) resulted in improved progression-free survival compared to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) (HR=0.34) in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9008)). detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) resulted in a 49% (60/122) overall response rate in non-small cell lung cancer patients positive for an ALK fusion who had previously progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy (J Clin Oncol 33, 2015 (suppl; abstr 8008)) detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (Study B7461006) that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment significantly improved 12-month progression-free survival rate (78% vs 39%, HR 0.28, p<0.001) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer who had no prior systemic therapy, objective response rate was 82% (57/69) with 71% achieved complete intracranial response in patients with brain metastasis (PMID: 33207094; NCT03052608). 33207094 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... 30413378 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) demonstrated safety and resulted in a 50% (26/52) overall response rate in patients with ALK-positive or ROS1-positive non-small cell lung cancer, including intracranial responses in patients with CNS metastasis (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9009)). detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 57% (43/75; all partial responses), and stable disease (SD) in 33% (25/75) of patients with crizotinib-refractory non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK fusion, with a response rate of 59% and SD rate of 31% in the 70 patients with EML4-ALK, and a response rate of 40% and SD rate of 60% in the 5 patients with non-EML4 ALK fusions (PMID: 31628085; NCT03215693). 31628085
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a phase I/II clinical trial, Alunbrig (brigatinib) was determined to be safe and efficacious in patients with advanced, ALK-fusion positive NSCLC (PMID: 24091716). 24091716
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ALTA) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 45% (51/112) in the 90mg arm and 54% (59/110) in the 180mg arm, and median progression-free survival of 9.2 and 11.0 months respectively, in ALK-rearranged (fusion) non-small cell lung carcinoma patients who progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 28475456; NCT02094573). 28475456 detail...
ALK fusion anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 83% (5/6, all complete responses (CR)) at the 165 mg dose, and an ORR of 90% (18/20, 16 CR) at the 280 mg dose, in pediatric patients 1 years of age or older and young adults with relapsed or refractory ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (PMID: 28787259; NCT00939770). 28787259 detail...
ALK fusion Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Repotrectinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I (TRIDENT-1) trial, Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) treatment resulted in stable disease in 25% (4/16) of patient with advanced solid tumor harboring ALK fusions who completed 2 cycles of treatment (J Clin Oncol 36, 2018 (suppl; abstr 2513); NCT03093116). detail...
ALK fusion inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase Ib/II trial, treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) resulted in an objective response rate of 86% (12/14), with complete response in 36% (5/14), in patients with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring an ALK fusion (PMID: 28787259; NCT00939770). 28787259
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). detail... detail... 25754348
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). 25470694 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK fusion (PMID: 31987360, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 31987360 detail...
ALK fusion Erdheim-Chester disease sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line or subsequent-line therapy for patients with Erdheim-Chester disease harboring ALK fusions (NCCN Guidelines). detail...
ALK fusion ALK T1151dup lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in shrinkage of the pulmonary and uterine lesions in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer and uterine metastasis harboring an ALK fusion and ALK T1151dup (reported as ALK 1151Tins), and the patient remained recurrence-free over 1 year of treatment (PMID: 34184417). 34184417
ALK fusion ALK T1151dup lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment did not result in disease control in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer and uterine metastasis harboring an ALK fusion and ALK T1151dup (reported as ALK 1151Tins) whose disease progressed after prior Xalkori (crizotinib) and Alecensa (alectinib) treatments (PMID: 34184417). 34184417
ALK fusion ALK S1206Y lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK S1206Y secondary mutation in the context of an ALK fusion was associated with resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
ALK fusion ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) demonstrated safety and resulted in durable responses in patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, including patients harboring ALK G1202R (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9009)). detail...
ALK fusion ALK G1202R KIT amp lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK G1202R secondary mutation as well as KIT amplification were identified in a patient with ALK fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer with resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and subsequent therapy for ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (PFS) (PFS=10.9 months, n=172) relative to chemotherapy (PFS=7.0 months, n=171) in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements, including patients with and without brain metastases at baseline, and improved intracranial disease rate in patients with brain metastases at baseline (PMID: 27022118; NCT01154140). 27022118
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). detail... 25470694 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved objective response (87.5%, 90/103 vs 45.6%, 47/103) and median progression free survival (11.1 vs 6.8 mo) compared to pemetrexed, cisplatin and carboplatinin combination treatment in treatment-naive ALK positive advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma patients (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9058); NCT01639001). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior (PMID: 31987360, PMID: 30285222; ESMO guidelines). 30285222 31987360 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-squamous non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, first-line treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in an improved median progression-free survival of 16.6 months, compared to 8.1 months with chemotherapy, in patients with ALK-rearranged non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 28126333; NCT01828099). 28126333
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic ALK rearrangement aids in the diagnosis of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of ALK rearrangement is associated with a favorable prognosis in patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Crizotinib + Onalespib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Onalespib (AT13387) and Xalkori (crizotinib) combination treatment did not significantly improve median progression free survival (269 vs 266 days) or objective response rate (55.4%, 38/68 vs 45.3%, 31/68) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) single treatment in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring either an ALK mutation or ALK rearrangement (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9059); NCT01712217). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Nivolumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange malignant pleural mesothelioma no benefit CT-707 Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Conteltinib (CT-707) treatment resulted in disease progression after 1 cycle in a patient with ALK-rearranged malignant pleural mesothelioma (PMID: 32181989). 32181989
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangement (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). 28586279 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines as the preferred first-line therapy and as subsequent therapy for patients with ALK-rearranged advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Alecensa (alectinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 31987360, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 31987360 30285222 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment was effective in treating non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement, resulting in a 50% (61/122) objective response rate (ORR) in all patients, a 45% (43/96) ORR in Crizotinib-refractory patients, and an 83% (70/84) CNS disease control rate (PMID: 26598747). 26598747
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor patients with ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, ASP3026 treatment resulted in a partial response in 50% (8/16) and stable disease in 44% (7/16) of patients with an advanced solid tumor harboring an ALK rearrangement or ALK F1174L (PMID: 26966027; NCT01284192). 26966027
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Osimertinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and the combination of Opdivo (nivolumab) and Yervoy (ipilimumab) are not indicated for use as initial systemic therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring oncogenes, including ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive CT-707 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Conteltinib (CT-707) demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy, resulting in an overall response rate of 77% (10/13, 1 complete response, 9 partial responses) and a disease control rate of 85% (11/13) in patients with ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma (n=12) or malignant pleural mesothelioma (n=1), median progression-free survival was 13 months in patients with lung adenocarcinoma (PMID: 32181989). 32181989
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Durvalumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Durvalumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Imfinzi (durvalumab), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Afatinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 31987360, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). detail... 30285222 31987360
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (ASCEND-2), non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement and previously treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) and chemotherapy demonstrated an overall response rate of 38.6% (54/140), a disease control rate of 77.1%, a median time to response of 1.8 months, a median duration of response of 9.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 5.7 months when treated with Zykadia (ceritinib) (PMID: 27432917; NCT01685060). 27432917
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated a median overall survival of 49.5 months following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Zykadia (ceritinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). 25754348 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... detail... 30413378
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (Study B7461006) that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment significantly improved 12-month progression-free survival rate (78% vs 39%, HR 0.28, p<0.001) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer who had no prior systemic therapy, objective response rate was 82% (57/69) with 71% achieved complete intracranial response in patients with brain metastasis (PMID: 33207094; NCT03052608). 33207094 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement who have progressed on a second-generation ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (PMID: 31987360, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 detail... 31987360
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 46% (19/41) of patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 29074098; NCT03052608). 29074098
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer, and as subsequent therapy in patients who have progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) and Alecensa (alectinib), Alunbrig (brigatinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib), or on Alecensa (alectinib), Alunbrig (brigatinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Erlotinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive PLB1003 Phase I Actionable In a Phase Ia trial, PLB1003 demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy, resulted in a disease control rate of 86% (12/14, 10 partial response, 2 stable disease) in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who progressed on or did not tolerate previous treatment (Journal of Thoracic Oncology, Volume 14, Issue 10, S651). detail...
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Belizatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I trial, Belizatinib (TSR-011) treatment resulted in a response in 100% (3/3) of patients with ALK-rearranged advanced solid tumors when administered at higher doses, and stable disease for 7 months or longer in 56% (5/9) of patients at a lower dose (J Clin Oncol 33, 2015 (suppl; abstr 8063)). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ALTA) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 45% (51/112) in the 90mg arm and 54% (59/110) in the 180mg arm, and median progression-free survival of 9.2 and 11.0 months respectively, in ALK-rearranged (fusion) non-small cell lung carcinoma patients who progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 28475456; NCT02094573). detail... 28475456
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 31987360, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). detail... 31987360 30285222
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 100% (8/8) in ALK inhibitor-naive, ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, 72% (51/71) in Xalkori (crizotinib) treated ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients, and 83% (5/6) in ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients with CNS metastases (PMID: 27836716; NCT01449461). 27836716
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a retrospective analysis, Alunbrig (brigatinib) demonstrated limited efficacy, resulting in an objective response rate of 17% (3/18) and stable disease in 50% (9/18) of patients with Alecensa (alectinib) refractory, ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, with a median progression-free survival of 4.4 months (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Alunbrig (brigatinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Gefitinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Bevacizumab + Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a lung adenocarcinoma patient with brain metastasis harboring an ALK rearrangement, who had progressed on single agent Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment, demonstrated a partial response when treated with a combination of Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and Avastin (bevacizumab), with a 68% decrease in tumor size in the brain and a total duration of disease control for 9.1 months (PMID: 33283131). 33283131
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 83% (5/6, all complete responses (CR)) at the 165 mg dose, and an ORR of 90% (18/20, 16 CR) at the 280 mg dose, in pediatric patients 1 years of age or older and young adults with relapsed or refractory ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (PMID: 28787259; NCT00939770). 28787259 detail...
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as second-line and subsequent therapy for patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma harboring ALK rearrangements (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Pembrolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Phase I Actionable In a clinical study, combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials showed Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 57% (4/7) in patients with ALK rearranged advanced solid tumors that were treatment-naive, but no response (0/19) in patients who received prior Alk inhibitor treatments (PMID: 28183697). 28183697
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in objective response in 67% (4/6) of patients with advanced solid tumors harboring rearrangement in ALK gene (AACR Apr 2016, Abstract # CT007). detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines for inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor patients with ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib + Crizotinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis of patients with ALK-rearrangement positive non-small cell lung cancer, the combined median progression-free survival for sequential treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) and Zykadia (ceritinib) without intervening treatments was 17.0 months, and overall survival was 49.4 months (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines for inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor patients with ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment was well-tolerated and resulted in a partial response in 3 of 7 pediatric patients with ALK-rearranged inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors, and 3 of the 7 patients achieved stable disease (PMID: 23598171; NCT00939770). 23598171
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Ensartinib (X-396), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in partial response in 60% (36/60) and stable disease in 21.7 % (13/60) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, with a median progression-free survival of 9.2 months, and a response rate of 80% (12/15) in crizotinib-naïve patients and 69% (20/29) in patients with prior crizotinib treatment (PMID: 29563138; NCT01625234). 29563138
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment significantly improved progression-free survival in patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (25.8 vs 12.7 mo, HR 0.51, p<0.001) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib), and resulted in an intracranial response rate of 63.6% (7 of 11) in patients with target brain metastases at baselinewith compared to 21.1% (4 of 19) with Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 34473194; NCT02767804). 34473194
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Atezolizumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Atezolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Crizotinib + Onalespib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Onalespib (AT13387) and Xalkori (crizotinib) combination treatment did not significantly improve median progression free survival (269 vs 266 days) or objective response rate (55.4%, 38/68 vs 45.3%, 31/68) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) single treatment in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring either an ALK mutation or ALK rearrangement (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9059); NCT01712217). detail...
ALK mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479