Gene Variant Detail

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Gene EML4 ALK
Variant EML4 - ALK
Impact List fusion
Protein Effect gain of function
Gene Variant Descriptions EML4-ALK results from the fusion of EML4 and ALK, resulting in constitutive kinase activity, transformation in cultured cells, and tumor activity in mouse models (PMID: 19064915, PMID: 17625570). EML4-ALK fusions have been associated with non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 26755435).
Associated Drug Resistance

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No Variant Reference Transcript is Available.
No transcript is Available.

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

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Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture, led to tumor growth inhibition in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 30093503). 30093503
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and growth of a human non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 21575866). 21575866
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 30002191). 30002191
EML4 - ALK breast cancer predicted - sensitive Ceritinib + Fulvestrant Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Zykadia (ceritinib) to Faslodex (fulvestrant) treatment in breast cancer cells expressing EML4-ALK restored growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 32348852). 32348852
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive DS6051b Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, cells expressing EML4-ALK were sensitive to treatment with DS6051b in culture, demonstrating cell growth inhibition (PMID: 31399568). 31399568
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASP3026 inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK lung cancer sensitive X-376 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, X-376 inhibited Alk signaling, resulted in growth inhibition in lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK fusion in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring EML4-ALK achieved complete remission three years after starting Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 26808369). 26808369
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive WX-0593 Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, WX-0593 inhibited Alk downstream signaling and tumor growth in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK (Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 4794). detail...
EML4 - ALK breast cancer sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast cancer cells expressing EML4-ALK were sensitive to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture, demonstrating inhibition of cell growth (PMID: 32348852). 32348852
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 59% (41/70; all partial responses) and stable disease in 31% (22/70) of patients with crizotinib-refractory non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 31628085; NCT03215693). 31628085
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK breast cancer resistant Fulvestrant Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast cancer cells expressing EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to treatment with Faslodex (fulvestrant) in culture (PMID: 32348852). 32348852
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited phosphorylation of Alk and inhibited growth of human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25173427). 25173427
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib + Sirolimus Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated enhanced growth inhibition to a combination treatment with Afinitor (sirolimus) and Ensartinib (X-396) (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Afatinib + Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, combination of Gilotrif (afatinib) and Alecensa (alectinib) restored sensitivity to Alecensa (alectinib) in non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK fusion that acquired resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) through up-regulating Egfr signaling in culture, inhibited tumor progression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26682573). 26682573
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib + Filgotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, non-small cell lung carcinoma cells harboring EML4-ALK in culture that had, over time, acquired resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) showed decreased drug resistance when treatment was combined with Filgotinib (GLPG0634), demonstrating reduced expression of Osmr and phosphorylated-Stat3, and decreased cell viability (PMID: 28729401). 28729401
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive CEP-28122 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, CEP-28122 inhibited growth of non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture, and resulted in tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 22203728). 22203728
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive TAE226 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, TAE226 treatment inhibited proliferation of non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines harboring EML4-ALK fusion in culture (PMID: 26090892). 26090892
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and proliferation of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells harboring EML4-ALK fusion, and reduced intracranial tumor size in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, non-small cell lung carcinoma cells harboring EML4-ALK were sensitive to Rozlytrek (entrectinib), resulting in inhibition of cell proliferation and complete tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, non-small cell lung carcinoma patients harboring an EML4-ALK variant 1 (E13; A20, n=19) demonstrated a significantly longer progression-free survival (11.0 vs 4.2 months, p<0.05) compared to patients with a non-variant 1 EML4-ALK fusion (n=16) when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 27354483). 27354483
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited tumor growth by at least 30% from baseline in 90% (18/20) of patients with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung carcinoma (PMID: 20979469; NCT00585195; NCT00585195). 20979469
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and growth in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture, and induced near complete tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK neuroblastoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not inhibit growth of neuroblastoma cells over expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 30002191). 30002191
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive WX-0593 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, WX-0593 inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 4794). detail...
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a lung adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK variant 8 achieved a pathologic complete response following treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib), with a reduction in primary tumor size and pleural metastases within 1 month of treatment, and continuation of treatment for 5 years until death, after which cancer was not observed at autopsy (PMID: 31690489). 31690489
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive MTI-31 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, MTI-31 inhibited proliferation and migration and increased PD-L1 degradation in a non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 30796032). 30796032
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, human lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A demonstrated sensitivity to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In preclinical studies, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 27009859, PMID: 26698910). 26698910 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 22235099). 22235099
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited proliferation of a Xalkori (crizotinib)-resistant human non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring an EML-ALK fusion with ALK G1269A in culture and induced tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26849637, PMID: 23344087). 26849637 23344087
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK fusion positive non-small cell lung cancer with ALK G1269A had a partial response to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 26849637). 26849637
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive AZD3463 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, AZD3463 inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and growth of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells over expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and in cell line xenograft models, as well as inhibited growth of patient derived NSCLC cells harboring EML4-ALK ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, human lung cancer cell lines expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated stable disease when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib), but then progressed, and was found to harbor a secondary resistance mutation, ALK G1269A (PMID: 22235099). 22235099
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A demonstrated a decreased response when treated with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) compared to cells expressing wild-type EML4-ALK (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A were resistant to ASP3026 mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A demonstrated moderate resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) modestly inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A demonstrated resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, EML4-ALK and ALK L1196M were identified as acquired mutations in the pleural effusion from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma after his disease progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 28434515). 28434515
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK L1196M demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 26698910) 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited cell survival and PI3K/AKT, MEK/ERK, and mTOR signaling in two human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines harboring the Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation EML4-ALK ALK L1196M in culture and inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models of one of those cell lines (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing an EML4-ALK fusion and ALK L1196M in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 21575866). 21575866
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated decreased sensitivity to Alecensa (alectinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK with wild-type ALK, in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and proliferation of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells over expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, and resulted in tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated sensitivity to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M were sensitive to Rozlytrek (entrectinib), resulting in anti-proliferative activity in culture (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of non-small cell lung cancer cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 21502504). 21502504
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK L196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and reduced tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive WX-0593 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, WX-0593 inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 4794). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) inhibited growth and Alk phosphorylation in cells expressing the Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation, EML4-ALK ALK L1196M (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated moderate resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) inhibited Alk activity and proliferation of transformed cells over expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (European Journal of Cancer , Volume 69, S32). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK were insensitive to Xalkori (crizotinib) as demonstrated by a lack of growth inhibition and Alk phosphorylation in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) inhibited growth and Alk phosphorylation in cells expressing the Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation, EML4-ALK C1156Y (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y demonstrated moderate resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK ALK C1156Y were insensitive to Xalkori (crizotinib) as demonstrated by lack of growth inhibition and lack of kinase inhibition in culture (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) demonstrated tumor growth inhibition in xenograft models of a human non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y when compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma conflicting Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer with a secondary Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation C1156Y, did not respond to Zykadia (ceritinib) therapy (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Luminespib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer with an ALK C1156Y secondary Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation did not respond to Luminespib (AUY922) therapy (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive WX-0593 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, WX-0593 inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 4794). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y were sensitive to Rozlytrek (entrectinib), resulting in anti-proliferative activity (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed human cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y were sensitive to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 21575866). 21575866
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASP3026 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer developed resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) with the emergence of ALK C1156Y, a secondary resistance mutation (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed human cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated minimal sensitivity to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer with a secondary Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation ALK C1156Y, was treated with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) and displayed a 41% reduction in tumor growth after 5 weeks of treatment (PMID: 26698910; NCT01970865). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited growth and ALK phosphorylation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated growth inhibition with Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated moderate resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A demonstrated moderate resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y in culture and in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and cell proliferation of transformed cells over expressing ALK S1206Y in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing S1206Y in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated moderate resistance to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK, who had developed resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib), was found to harbor ALK G1202R following treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) (PMID: 24736079). 24736079
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK who acquired the secondary drug resistance mutation, ALK S1206Y, when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) was subsequently treated with Zykadia (ceritinib), developed drug resistance, and was then found to have lost the ALK S1206Y mutation, but gained ALK G1202R (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were insensitive to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) inhibited Alk activity and proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1201R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, resulted in tumor growth inhibition in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 30093503). 30093503 detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted disease progression after 2.5 months of therapy in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, with acquired ALK G1202R and ALK E1154K in tumor biopsies, and ALK G1202R and ALK I1268V in ctDNA, only ALK G1202R with increased allelic frequency was detected at disease progression (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and reduced tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) did not effectively inhibit growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R in culture, and did not inhibit tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung cancer conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation, reduced proliferation, and induced apoptosis in transformed cells over expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung cancer conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171T demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TAE684 inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK ALK I1171T in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 demonstrated reduced growth inhibition of transformed cells expressing ALK I1171T in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171T demonstrated sensitivity to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171T was resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated a partial response with Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment, but after eight months showed progression, and was found to harbor a secondary resistance mutation, ALK I1171T (PMID: 25393798). 25393798
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing ALK I1171T in the context of EML4-ALK but to a lesser degree than cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171T was resistant to ASP3026 treatment in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and cell growth in patient derived non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring ALK I1171T in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171T in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171T demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R lung cancer resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, lung cancer cells expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 31925410). 31925410
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R demonstrated resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and cell proliferation of transformed cells over expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 21791641). 21791641
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated a brief response to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment, but after 3 months showed tumor progression, and was found to harbor the secondary resistance mutation, ALK L1152R (PMID: 21791641). 21791641
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Zykadia (ceritinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R demonstrated resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation, reduced proliferation, and induced apoptosis of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells harboring ALK V1180L in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK V1180L was resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK V1180L in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK ALK V1180L in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a human non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK with ALK V1180L was resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASP3026 inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK V1180L in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a human non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring ALK V1180L in the context of EML4-ALK was resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TAE684 inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing ALK V1180L in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 demonstrated reduced growth inhibition of transformed cells expressing ALK I1171S in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib)-mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) reduced ALK phosphorylation and inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S in culture (PMID: 31943796). 31943796
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171S demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer initially responded to Alecensa (alectinib), but progressed with the emergence of a secondary ALK I1171S mutation (PMID: 25393796). 25393796
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor resistant AZD3463 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S were resistant to AZD3463 mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib)-mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) reduced ALK phosphorylation and inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S in culture (PMID: 31943796). 31943796
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S were resistant to ASP3026 mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK T1151M in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK T1151M was identified in the post-progression biopsy of a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK after Xalkori (crizotinib) and Zykadia (ceritinib) therapies (PMID: 28676215). 28676215
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK T1151M was identified in the post-progression biopsy of a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK after Xalkori (crizotinib) and Zykadia (ceritinib) therapies (PMID: 28676215). 28676215
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive AZD3463 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, AZD3463 inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK T1151M in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cell lines harboring EML4-ALK with ALK T1151M were resistant to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cell lines harboring EML4-ALK with ALK T1151M were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK T1151M in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK T1151M in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and cell proliferation of transformed cells over expressing ALK F1174L in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive AZD3463 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, AZD3463 inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib)-mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture and in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L were resistant to ASP3026 mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib)-mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK F1174L in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells overexpressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive AZD3463 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, AZD3463 inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P were resistant to ASP3026 mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK E1210K demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK E1210K demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK E1210K demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK E1210K demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK E1210K lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a patient with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK progressed on treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) and was subsequently found to harbor a secondary resistance mutation, ALK E1210K (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small lung cancer with a secondary Xalkori (critzotinib) resistance mutation C1156Y, responded to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) but subsequently developed resistance upon the emergence of a second ALK mutation, L1198F (PMID: 26698910; NCT01970865). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small lung cancer initially responded to Xalkori (crizotinib) but developed resistance with the emergence of a secondary ALK mutation C1156Y, and subsequently redeveloped sensitivity to Xalkori (crizotinib) upon the emergence of a second ALK mutation, L1198F arising from resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F demonstrated sensitivity to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with L1198F had reduced sensitivity to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in comparison to EML4-ALK wild type in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with L1198F in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing L1198F in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1198F in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C were sensitive to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK who developed resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment was subsequently treated with Zykadia (ceritinib), eventually progressed, and was found to have acquired ALK F1174C (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C demonstrated sensitivity to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C demonstrated decreased sensitivity to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK with wild-type ALK (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) modestly inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174C were re-sensitized to Xalkori (crizotinib) mediated growth inhibition with the introduction of an additional ALK mutation L1198F, in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, introduction of an additional ALK mutation L1198F in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK reduced resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1198F and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK were re-sensitized to Xalkori (crizotinib) mediated growth inhibition with the introduction of an additional ALK mutation L1198F, in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK were re-sensitized and became modestly sensitive to Xalkori (crizotinib) with the introduction of an additional ALK mutation L1198F, in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1269A and L1198F in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK SRC pos lung cancer resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK and elevated Src activity were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) induced growth inhibition in culture (AACR, Cancer Res: April 2016; Volume 57, Abstract #2132). detail...
EML4 - ALK SRC pos Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK and elevated Src activity were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) induced growth inhibition in culture (AACR, Cancer Res: April 2016; Volume 57, Abstract #2132). detail...
EML4 - ALK SRC pos lung cancer sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0005 inhibited Alk and Src signaling, and cell proliferation in lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK and elevated Src activity in culture (AACR, Cancer Res: April 2016; Volume 57, Abstract #2132). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated resistance to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 demonstrated reduced growth inhibition of transformed cells expressing ALK I1171N in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated tumor regression when treated with Alecensa (alectinib), but progressed seven months later, and was found to harbor a secondary resistance mutation, ALK I1171N (PMID: 25393798). 25393798
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202del Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202del demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202del Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202del demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202del Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202del demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202del Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202del demonstrated moderate resistance to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202del Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202del demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK D1203N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells overexpressing ALK D1203N in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to TAE684 in culture (PMID: 21948233). 21948233
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK D1203N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK D1203N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK D1203N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK D1203N demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK F1174C demonstrated resistance to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK F1174C did not response to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK F1174C demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture compared to cells expressing wild-type EML4-ALK (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK F1174C demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) when compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK F1174C demonstrated resistance to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK E1210K demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK E1210K demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) when compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK E1210K did not response to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK E1210K demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N ALK E1210K Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK D1203N, and ALK E1210K demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK S1206F in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152P Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1152P in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Zykadia (ceritinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152P Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1152P in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK L1152P in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK T1151dup in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK T1151dup in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK T1151dup (referred to as 1151insT) in culture and in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK T1151dup in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK F1174V in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK initially responded to Xalkori (crizotinib), but then progressed due to acquisition of the secondary resistance mutation, ALK F1174V, and then responded to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib), demonstrating a complete response in one lung nodule and a 44% decrease in size in a second lung nodule (PMID: 26464158). 26464158
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated a partial response to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment after 3 months, but then progressed, and was found to harbor the secondary resistance mutation, ALK F1174V (PMID: 24736079). 24736079
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK F1174V in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK F1245C lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring EML4-ALK variant 3 that demonstrated resistance to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) after acquisition of ALK F1245C, achieved a complete radiographic response with no evidence of progression at 6 months following treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) (PMID: 26775591). 26775591
EML4 - ALK ALK F1245C lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring EML4-ALK variant 3 demonstrated an initial response to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib), but progressed after 27 months and was found to have acquired ALK F1245C (PMID: 26775591). 26775591
EML4 - ALK CDKN2A del FGFR1 T141R SMAD4 Q83* pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK along with CDKN2A deletion, FGFR1 T141R, SMAD4 Q83*, and a TP53 splice site mutation, experienced disease progression after 2 months of Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment, then received Alecensa (alectinib) and remained on treatment for at least 3 months (PMID: 28476735). 28476735
EML4 - ALK CDKN2A del FGFR1 T141R SMAD4 Q83* pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK along with CDKN2A deletion, FGFR1 T141R, SMAD4 Q83*, and a TP53 splice site mutation, experienced disease progression after 2 months of Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment, then received Alecensa (alectinib) and remained on treatment for at least 3 months (PMID: 28476735). 28476735
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK F1174V lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK and ALK F1174V initially responded to Alecensa (alectinib), but then demonstrated progression in one of two lung nodules, which was found to harbor a secondary resistance mutation, ALK I1171S, and upon resection of the nodule the patient continued Alecensa (alectinib) treatment and achieved complete remission (PMID: 26464158). 26464158
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated a partial response when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib), however, after 6 months the patient progressed and was found to harbor two secondary resistance mutations, ALK G1269A and ALK L1196M (PMID: 23344087). 23344087
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1196M was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1196M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK treated on a clinical trial achieved a partial response when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib), however, after 5 months, the patient progressed and was found to harbor secondary resistance mutations, ALK C1156Y and ALK L1196M (PMID: 20979473; NCT00585195). 20979473
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1196M was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198P Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells overexpressing ALK L1198P in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to TAE684 in culture (PMID: 21948233). 21948233
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198P Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells overexpressing ALK L1198P in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 21948233). 21948233
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK who was previously treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) and subsequently developed the resistance mutation, ALK G1269A, was treated with Zykadia (ceritinib), later progressed, and was found to have lost ALK G1269A, but gained ALK F1174V and ALK G1202R (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK I1171T Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1171T was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174C Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174C was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174I was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174V Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174V was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK D1203N was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1256F was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma unknown Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in disease progression after 6.9 months of therapy in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, ALK C1156Y and ALK G1269A were identified in biopsies at disease progression, however, cells derived from the patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of the patient and transformed cells expressing the compound mutation demonstrated sensitivity to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib + Saracatinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Saracatinib (AZD0530) and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) synergistically inhibited viability of cells derived from the tumor from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK and acquired ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK G1269A was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1171S was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174C was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174L was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174V was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1179V ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1179V was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1256F was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK G1269A was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK F1174C in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1196M was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1171T was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1171N was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206C ALK E1210K lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK and ALK E1210K eventually progressed on treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) and was subsequently found to have acquired another resistance mutation, ALK S1206C in cis (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK L1198V lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK progressed while being treated with Alunbrig (brigatinib) and was subsequently found to harbor two resistance mutations, ALK F1174L and ALK L1198V, which were both in cis (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK NOTCH1 D1533A lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib), and was subsequently found to have acquired NOTCH1 D1533A (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK NOTCH1 D1538A lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib), and was subsequently found to have acquired NOTCH1 D1538A (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK FGFR1 amp lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK treated with Alunbrig (brigatinib) responded, but eventually progressed, and was subsequently found to harbor a presumed resistance alteration, FGFR1 amplification (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK GNAS amp lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) responded, but eventually progressed, and was subsequently found to harbor a presumed resistance alteration, GNAS amplification (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK HRAS amp lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) responded, but eventually progressed, and was subsequently found to harbor a presumed resistance alteration, HRAS amplification (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK DDR2 amp lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) responded, but eventually progressed, and was subsequently found to harbor a presumed resistance alteration, DDR2 amplification (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Belizatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK F1174L and ALK G1269A were identified as newly acquired mutations in the pleural effusion from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring an acquired EML4-ALK after his disease progressed on Belizatinib (TSR-011) treatment (PMID: 28434515). 28434515
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK D1203N ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK D1203N were identified as a newly acquired mutation in the pleural effusion from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma after his disease progressed on Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment, in addition to the EML4-ALK, ALK F1174L, and ALK G1269A acquired after disease progression on Xalkori (crizotinib) and Belizatinib (TSR-011) sequentially (PMID: 28434515). 28434515
EML4 - ALK ALK E1303K lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK and ALK E1303K developed progressive disease 7 days after Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 29978950). 29978950
EML4 - ALK ALK L1256F lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited Alk kinase activity and proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cells expressing ALK L1256F in the context of EML4-ALK in cell culture (PMID: 30662002). 30662002
EML4 - ALK ALK L1256F lung adenocarcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) did not inhibit Alk kinase activity or proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cells expressing ALK L1256F in the context of EML4-ALK in cell culture (PMID: 30662002). 30662002
EML4 - ALK ALK E1154K ALK G1202R ALK I1268V lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment resulted rapid disease progression in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, with acquired ALK G1202R and ALK E1154K in tumor biopsies, and ALK G1202R and ALK I1268V in ctDNA (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK E1154K ALK G1202R ALK I1268V lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 9.2 months in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, at disease progression, ALK G1202R and ALK E1154K were identified in biopsies, while ALK G1202R and ALK I1268V were identified in ctDNA (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M ALK C1156Y ALK F1174L ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in disease progression after 3.7 months therapy in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R, at disease progression, ALK F1174L in cis wth ALK G1202R was identified in biopsies, and ALK C1156Y, G1269A, S1206F, and T1151M were identified in ctDNA (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK F1174L and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and ALK D1203N compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S and ALK G1269A demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 31943796). 31943796
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S and ALK G1269A demonstrated resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 31943796). 31943796
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) reduced ALK phosphorylation and inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S and ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 31943796). 31943796
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) reduced ALK phosphorylation and inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S and ALK G1269A in culture (PMID: 31943796). 31943796
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171S and ALK G1269A demonstrated resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 31943796). 31943796
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269S Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 demonstrated reduced growth inhibition of transformed cells expressing ALK G1269S in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, ALK L1204V, and ALK G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1198F, ALK G1202R, and ALK G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (AACR Virtual Annual Meeting II (Jun 2020), Abstract 52226). detail...
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 57% (43/75; all partial responses), and stable disease (SD) in 33% (25/75) of patients with crizotinib-refractory non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK fusion, with a response rate of 59% and SD rate of 31% in the 70 patients with EML4-ALK, and a response rate of 40% and SD rate of 60% in the 5 patients with non-EML4 ALK fusions (PMID: 31628085; NCT03215693). 31628085
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). detail... detail... 25754348
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a phase I/II clinical trial, Alunbrig (brigatinib) was determined to be safe and efficacious in patients with advanced, ALK-fusion positive NSCLC (PMID: 24091716). 24091716
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ALTA) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 45% (51/112) in the 90mg arm and 54% (59/110) in the 180mg arm, and median progression-free survival of 9.2 and 11.0 months respectively, in ALK-rearranged (fusion) non-small cell lung carcinoma patients who progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 28475456; NCT02094573). 28475456 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). detail... 28586279 detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) resulted in improved progression-free survival compared to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) (HR=0.34) in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9008)). detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) resulted in a 49% (60/122) overall response rate in non-small cell lung cancer patients positive for an ALK fusion who had previously progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy (J Clin Oncol 33, 2015 (suppl; abstr 8008)) detail...
ALK fusion Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Repotrectinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I (TRIDENT-1) trial, Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) treatment resulted in stable disease in 25% (4/16) of patient with advanced solid tumor harboring ALK fusions who completed 2 cycles of treatment (J Clin Oncol 36, 2018 (suppl; abstr 2513); NCT03093116). detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). 25470694 detail... detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK fusion (PMID: 30715168, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 30715168 detail...
ALK fusion anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase Ib/II trial, treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) resulted in an objective response rate of 83% (5/6, all complete responses), at the 165 mg dose, and 90% (18/20, with complete response in 80% (16/20), at the recommended phase 2 dose of 280 mg, in patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma harboring an ALK fusion, with 72% of tested patients harboring NPM1-ALK (PMID: 28787259; NCT00939770). 28787259
ALK fusion inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase Ib/II trial, treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) resulted in an objective response rate of 86% (12/14), with complete response in 36% (5/14), in patients with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring an ALK fusion (PMID: 28787259; NCT00939770). 28787259
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) demonstrated safety and resulted in a 50% (26/52) overall response rate in patients with ALK-positive or ROS1-positive non-small cell lung cancer, including intracranial responses in patients with CNS metastasis (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9009)). detail...
ALK fusion lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... 30413378
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 30715168, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30715168 detail... 30285222
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a retrospective analysis, Alunbrig (brigatinib) demonstrated limited efficacy, resulting in an objective response rate of 17% (3/18) and stable disease in 50% (9/18) of patients with Alecensa (alectinib) refractory, ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, with a median progression-free survival of 4.4 months (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 100% (8/8) in ALK inhibitor-naive, ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, 72% (51/71) in Xalkori (crizotinib) treated ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients, and 83% (5/6) in ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients with CNS metastases (PMID: 27836716; NCT01449461). 27836716
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ALTA) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 45% (51/112) in the 90mg arm and 54% (59/110) in the 180mg arm, and median progression-free survival of 9.2 and 11.0 months respectively, in ALK-rearranged (fusion) non-small cell lung carcinoma patients who progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 28475456; NCT02094573). detail... 28475456
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Alunbrig (brigatinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (ASCEND-2), non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement and previously treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) and chemotherapy demonstrated an overall response rate of 38.6% (54/140), a disease control rate of 77.1%, a median time to response of 1.8 months, a median duration of response of 9.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 5.7 months when treated with Zykadia (ceritinib) (PMID: 27432917; NCT01685060). 27432917
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 30715168, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30715168 detail... 30285222
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated a median overall survival of 49.5 months following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Zykadia (ceritinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). 25754348 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Afatinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Osimertinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive PLB1003 Phase I Actionable In a Phase Ia trial, PLB1003 demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy, resulted in a disease control rate of 86% (12/14, 10 partial response, 2 stable disease) in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who progressed on or did not tolerate previous treatment (Journal of Thoracic Oncology, Volume 14, Issue 10, S651). detail...
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, ASP3026 treatment resulted in a partial response in 50% (8/16) and stable disease in 44% (7/16) of patients with an advanced solid tumor harboring an ALK rearrangement or ALK F1174L (PMID: 26966027; NCT01284192). 26966027
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 30715168, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30715168 30285222 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Alecensa (alectinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines as the preferred first-line therapy and as subsequent therapy for patients with ALK-rearranged advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangement (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). 28586279 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment was effective in treating non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement, resulting in a 50% (61/122) objective response rate (ORR) in all patients, a 45% (43/96) ORR in Crizotinib-refractory patients, and an 83% (70/84) CNS disease control rate (PMID: 26598747). 26598747
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib + Crizotinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis of patients with ALK-rearrangement positive non-small cell lung cancer, the combined median progression-free survival for sequential treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) and Zykadia (ceritinib) without intervening treatments was 17.0 months, and overall survival was 49.4 months (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor patients with ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Durvalumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Imfinzi (durvalumab), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Durvalumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Atezolizumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Atezolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of ALK rearrangement is associated with a favorable prognosis in patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic ALK rearrangement aids in the diagnosis of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved objective response (87.5%, 90/103 vs 45.6%, 47/103) and median progression free survival (11.1 vs 6.8 mo) compared to pemetrexed, cisplatin and carboplatinin combination treatment in treatment-naive ALK positive advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma patients (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9058); NCT01639001). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and subsequent therapy for ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (PFS) (PFS=10.9 months, n=172) relative to chemotherapy (PFS=7.0 months, n=171) in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements, including patients with and without brain metastases at baseline, and improved intracranial disease rate in patients with brain metastases at baseline (PMID: 27022118; NCT01154140). 27022118
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). detail... 25470694 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior (PMID: 30715168, PMID: 30285222; ESMO guidelines). 30715168 30285222 detail...
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as second-line and subsequent therapy for patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma harboring ALK rearrangements (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Phase I Actionable In a clinical study, combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials showed Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 57% (4/7) in patients with ALK rearranged advanced solid tumors that were treatment-naive, but no response (0/19) in patients who received prior Alk inhibitor treatments (PMID: 28183697). 28183697
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in objective response in 67% (4/6) of patients with advanced solid tumors harboring rearrangement in ALK gene (AACR Apr 2016, Abstract # CT007). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-squamous non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, first-line treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in an improved median progression-free survival of 16.6 months, compared to 8.1 months with chemotherapy, in patients with ALK-rearranged non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 28126333; NCT01828099). 28126333
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Erlotinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines for inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor patients with ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Pembrolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement who have progressed on a second-generation ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (PMID: 30715168, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 detail... 30715168
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer that have progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) and Alecensa (alectinib), Alunbrig (brigatinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib), or on Alecensa (alectinib), Alunbrig (brigatinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib)(NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... 30413378
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 46% (19/41) of patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 29074098; NCT03052608). 29074098
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in partial response in 60% (36/60) and stable disease in 21.7 % (13/60) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, with a median progression-free survival of 9.2 months, and a response rate of 80% (12/15) in crizotinib-naïve patients and 69% (20/29) in patients with prior crizotinib treatment (PMID: 29563138; NCT01625234). 29563138
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Ensartinib (X-396), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Nivolumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Belizatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I trial, Belizatinib (TSR-011) treatment resulted in a response in 100% (3/3) of patients with ALK-rearranged advanced solid tumors when administered at higher doses, and stable disease for 7 months or longer in 56% (5/9) of patients at a lower dose (J Clin Oncol 33, 2015 (suppl; abstr 8063)). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Crizotinib + Onalespib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Onalespib (AT13387) and Xalkori (crizotinib) combination treatment did not significantly improve median progression free survival (269 vs 266 days) or objective response rate (55.4%, 38/68 vs 45.3%, 31/68) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) single treatment in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring either an ALK mutation or ALK rearrangement (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9059); NCT01712217). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Gefitinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Crizotinib + Onalespib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Onalespib (AT13387) and Xalkori (crizotinib) combination treatment did not significantly improve median progression free survival (269 vs 266 days) or objective response rate (55.4%, 38/68 vs 45.3%, 31/68) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) single treatment in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring either an ALK mutation or ALK rearrangement (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9059); NCT01712217). detail...
ALK mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
Molecular Profile Protein Effect Treatment Approaches
EML4 - ALK gain of function ALK Inhibitor
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269A Alectinib AZD3463 Brigatinib Ceritinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Brigatinib Ceritinib Ensartinib Entrectinib Lorlatinib Repotrectinib
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Alectinib Brigatinib Ensartinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Brigatinib Ceritinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Brigatinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T Ceritinib Lorlatinib TAE684
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Brigatinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L ASP3026 Brigatinib Ceritinib Lorlatinib TAE684
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M Alectinib AZD3463 Brigatinib Crizotinib
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Alectinib AZD3463 Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Alectinib AZD3463 Brigatinib Crizotinib
EML4 - ALK ALK E1210K Alectinib Brigatinib Ceritinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F Crizotinib
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F Brigatinib Crizotinib
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C Brigatinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1198F Crizotinib
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Crizotinib
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1269A Brigatinib Crizotinib
EML4 - ALK SRC pos
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Brigatinib Ceritinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202del Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N Alectinib Brigatinib Ceritinib Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK D1203N
EML4 - ALK ALK D1203N ALK E1210K Lorlatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206F Brigatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152P Brigatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Brigatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V Alectinib Brigatinib
EML4 - ALK ALK F1245C Ceritinib
EML4 - ALK CDKN2A del FGFR1 T141R SMAD4 Q83*
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK F1174V
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1196M
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198P
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V ALK G1202R
EML4 - ALK MAP2K1 K57N
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK I1171T
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174C
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174I
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK F1174V
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK D1203N
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1256F
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK L1196M
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1196M
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK L1196M
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V ALK L1196M
EML4 - ALK ALK I1179V ALK L1196M
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198H
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1256F
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206C ALK E1210K
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK L1198V
EML4 - ALK NOTCH1 D1533A
EML4 - ALK NOTCH1 D1538A
EML4 - ALK FGFR1 amp
EML4 - ALK GNAS amp
EML4 - ALK HRAS amp
EML4 - ALK DDR2 amp
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK D1203N ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK E1303K
EML4 - ALK ALK L1256F
EML4 - ALK ALK E1154K ALK G1202R ALK I1268V
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M ALK C1156Y ALK F1174L ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK G1202R
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK G1269S
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R ALK G1269A