Gene Variant Detail

Contact

Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at : ckbsupport@jax.org

Gene EML4 ALK
Variant EML4 - ALK
Impact List fusion
Protein Effect gain of function
Gene Variant Descriptions EML4-ALK results from the fusion of EML4 and ALK, resulting in constitutive kinase activity, transformation in cultured cells, and tumor formation in mouse models (PMID: 19064915, PMID: 17625570, PMID: 35138907). EML4-ALK fusions have been associated with non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 26755435).
Associated Drug Resistance
Category Variants Paths

ALK mutant ALK rearrange ALK fusion EML4 - ALK

ALK mutant ALK act mut EML4 - ALK

EML4 mutant EML4 fusion EML4 - ALK

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

No Variant Reference Transcript is Available.
No transcript is Available.

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib + Sirolimus Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated enhanced growth inhibition to a combination treatment with Afinitor (sirolimus) and Ensartinib (X-396) (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and proliferation of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells harboring EML4-ALK fusion, and reduced intracranial tumor size in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASP3026 inhibited growth of a transformed cell line expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive TAE226 Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, TAE226 treatment inhibited proliferation of non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines harboring EML4-ALK fusion in culture (PMID: 26090892). 26090892
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, non-small cell lung carcinoma cells harboring EML4-ALK were sensitive to Rozlytrek (entrectinib), resulting in inhibition of cell proliferation and complete tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, non-small cell lung carcinoma patients harboring an EML4-ALK variant 1 (E13; A20, n=19) demonstrated a significantly longer progression-free survival (11.0 vs 4.2 months, p<0.05) compared to patients with a non-variant 1 EML4-ALK fusion (n=16) when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 27354483). 27354483
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited tumor growth by at least 30% from baseline in 90% (18/20) of patients with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung carcinoma (PMID: 20979469; NCT00585195; NCT00585195). 20979469
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited phosphorylation of Alk and inhibited growth of human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 25173427). 25173427
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and growth of a human non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 21575866). 21575866
EML4 - ALK neuroblastoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not inhibit growth of neuroblastoma cells over expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
EML4 - ALK neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Afatinib + Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, combination of Gilotrif (afatinib) and Alecensa (alectinib) restored sensitivity to Alecensa (alectinib) in non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK fusion that acquired resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) through up-regulating Egfr signaling in culture, inhibited tumor progression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26682573). 26682573
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and growth in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture, and induced near complete tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK lung cancer sensitive X-376 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, X-376 inhibited Alk signaling, resulted in growth inhibition in lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK fusion in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib + Filgotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, non-small cell lung carcinoma cells harboring EML4-ALK in culture that had, over time, acquired resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) showed decreased drug resistance when treatment was combined with Filgotinib (GLPG0634), demonstrating reduced expression of Osmr and phosphorylated-Stat3, and decreased cell viability (PMID: 28729401). 28729401
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive CEP-28122 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, CEP-28122 inhibited growth of non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture, and resulted in tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 22203728). 22203728
EML4 - ALK inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring EML4-ALK achieved complete remission three years after starting Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 26808369). 26808369
EML4 - ALK inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in tumor shrinkage with response lasting at least 28 months in a patient with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the lung harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 36035049). 36035049
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 30002191). 30002191
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 30002191). 30002191
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture, led to tumor growth inhibition in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 30093503). 30093503
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive WX-0593 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, WX-0593 inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive WX-0593 Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, WX-0593 inhibited tumor growth in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive MTI-31 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, MTI-31 inhibited proliferation and migration and increased PD-L1 degradation in a non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 30796032). 30796032
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 59% (41/70; all partial responses) and stable disease in 31% (22/70) of patients with crizotinib-refractory non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 31628085; NCT03215693). 31628085
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a lung adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK variant 8 achieved a pathologic complete response following treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib), with a reduction in primary tumor size and pleural metastases within 1 month of treatment, and continuation of treatment for 5 years until death, after which cancer was not observed at autopsy (PMID: 31690489). 31690489
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20) (PMID: 36093526). 36093526
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 36324562). 36324562
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a response lasting 19 months in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e19) (PMID: 29981924). 29981924
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Taletrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, cells expressing EML4-ALK were sensitive to treatment with Taletrectinib (DS6051b) in culture, demonstrating cell growth inhibition (PMID: 31399568). 31399568
EML4 - ALK breast cancer sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast cancer cells expressing EML4-ALK were sensitive to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture, demonstrating inhibition of cell growth (PMID: 32348852). 32348852
EML4 - ALK breast cancer resistant Fulvestrant Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast cancer cells expressing EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to treatment with Faslodex (fulvestrant) in culture (PMID: 32348852). 32348852
EML4 - ALK breast cancer predicted - sensitive Ceritinib + Fulvestrant Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Zykadia (ceritinib) to Faslodex (fulvestrant) treatment in breast cancer cells expressing EML4-ALK restored growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 32348852). 32348852
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Alvocidib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alvocidib (flavopiridol) treatment induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, reduced viability, and inhibited proliferation in both a parental lung adenocarcinoma cell line and isogenic lung adenocarcinoma cell lines resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib), Zykadia (ceritinib), and Alecensa (alectinib), all harboring EML4-ALK, in culture, and reduced tumor growth in Xalkori (crizotinib) and Alecensa (alectinib)-resistant cell line xenograft models (PMID: 32558295). 32558295
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Dinaciclib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Dinaciclib (SCH 727965) treatment induced apoptosis, reduced viability, and inhibited proliferation in parental lung adenocarcinoma cells, and isogenic cells resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib), Zykadia (ceritinib), and Alecensa (alectinib), all harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 32558295). 32558295
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alvocidib + Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alvocidib (flavopiridol) treatment in combination with Xalkori (crizotinib) reduced viability of Xalkori (crizotinib)-resistant lung adenocarcinoma cells harboring EML4-ALK in culture, but did not result in synergistic effects (PMID: 32558295). 32558295
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma sensitive THZ1 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, THZ1 treatment reduced viability and inhibited proliferation of parental lung adenocarcinoma, and isogenic cells resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib), Zykadia (ceritinib), and Alecensa (alectinib) cells, all harboring EML4-ALK, in culture (PMID: 32558295). 32558295
EML4 - ALK lung cancer predicted - sensitive Bevacizumab + Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a lung cancer patient with brain metastases harboring EML4-ALK who had developed resistance to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) after three months was subsequently treated with a combination of Avastin (bevacizumab) and Lorbrena (lorlatinib), and demonstrated a best response of stable disease, including disease control for 5.4 months, and 8% tumor shrinkage in the brain (PMID: 33283131). 33283131
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib + SHP099 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Alecensa (alectinib) and SHP099 inhibited downstream signaling and synergistically inhibited proliferation in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture, and resulted in increased suppression of tumor growth in cell line xenograft models compared to either agent alone (PMID: 34158345). 34158345
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Alecensa (alectinib) and Koselugo (selumetinib) inhibited tumor growth in cell line xenograft models of non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK, but was less potent compared to treatment with the combination of Alecensa (alectinib) and SHP099 (PMID: 34158345). 34158345
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib + RMC-4550 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Alecensa (alectinib) and RMC-4550 inhibited cell growth and downstream signaling in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158345). 34158345
EML4 - ALK colorectal carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in rapid clinical benefit and a partial response after 1 month of therapy in a patient with metastatic colorectal carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, until disease progression after 4 months (PMID: 34036227). 34036227
EML4 - ALK colorectal carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in clinical benefit and a progression-free survival of 11.5 months in a patient with metastatic colorectal carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, whose disease progressed on initial Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment and did not respond to subsequent Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 34036227). 34036227
EML4 - ALK papillary renal cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, three previously treated patients with metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma harboring an EML4-ALK fusion were sensitive to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib), demonstrating a clinical and radiographic response in one patient, a radiographic response and ongoing stable disease for 9 months in another patient, and regression of multiple metastatic sites in the third patient (PMID: 29685646). 29685646
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive NUV-655 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NUV-655 treatment resulted in decreased cell growth in a cell line expressing EML4-ALK fusion in culture (Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr 1468). detail...
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive XMU-MP-5 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, XMU-MP-5 treatment decreased downstream signaling, induced apoptosis, and inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34845836). 34845836
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive XMU-MP-5 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, XMU-MP-5 treatment decreased downstream signaling, induced apoptosis, and inhibited proliferation of non-small cell lung caner cells harboring EML4-ALK in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 34845836). 34845836
EML4 - ALK large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in clinical improvement with a partial response including dramatic shrinkage in all of the known lesions in a patient with large cell lung neuroendocrine cancer and brain metastasis harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 35280726). 35280726
EML4 - ALK large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in significant clinical improvement and a partial response in a patient with metastatic large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung harboring EML4-ALK after 4 weeks of therapy, however, progression in bone metastasis developed at 4 months (PMID: 34994612). 34994612
EML4 - ALK large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 10 months in a patient with metastatic large cell neuroendocrine lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e20:e20) (PMID: 36207130). 36207130
EML4 - ALK colon adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in clinical improvement after 1 month and a partial response lasting 8 months in a patient with colon adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 33776709). 33776709
EML4 - ALK pancreatic cancer predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in stable primary disease and decrease in brain lesions with treatment lasting nearly 10 months before progression of the brain metastases in a patient with pancreatic cancer harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34568053). 34568053
EML4 - ALK pancreatic cancer predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in tumor shrinkage with treatment lasting eight months in a patient with pancreatic cancer harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34568053). 34568053
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 17.5 months in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34911818). 34911818
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 6.5 months in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, who also harbored IDH1 R132H (PMID: 35324529). 35324529
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a response lasting 24 months in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e19) who previously progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 29981924). 29981924
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in clinical symptom improvement and a partial response lasting at least 9 months in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e18) (PMID: 34763318). 34763318
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, neoadjuvant Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a complete pathological response in one patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK after 6 weeks and a major pathological response in another patient after 12 weeks of treatment, allowing for surgical resection in both (PMID: 36075183). 36075183
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in a pediatric patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK resulted in a very good partial response at 2 months with regression of enlarged lymph nodes, with a near-complete response after 18 months of treatment (PMID: 36640634). 36640634
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 8.7 months in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, who progressed on prior Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 34911818). 34911818
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment decreased tumor growth in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34911818). 34911818
EML4 - ALK lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment decreased tumor growth in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34911818). 34911818
EML4 - ALK lung cancer predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a complete response in a patient with metastatic lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34378333). 34378333
EML4 - ALK lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment with whole-brain radiotherapy resulted in a partial response with a progression-free survival of 17 months in a patient with metastatic lung squamous cell carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34376997). 34376997
EML4 - ALK lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in a complete response in the lung and partial response in the brain lesions in a patient with metastatic lung squamous cell carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, with a progression-free survival of 11 months (PMID: 34376997). 34376997
EML4 - ALK lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 9.5 months in a patient with metastatic squamous cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34324792). 34324792
EML4 - ALK ovarian serous carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in decreased CA-125 and complete remission lasting more than 1 year in a patient with metastatic high-grade serous ovarian cancer harboring EML4-ALK (E13:E20), who previously progressed on chemotherapy (PMID: 32845005). 32845005
EML4 - ALK malignant pleural mesothelioma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in symptom improvement and a partial response lasting 3.5 months in a patient with malignant pleural mesothelioma harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 32600123). 32600123
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive TQ-B3139 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TQ-B3139 (CT-711) inhibited Alk signaling and proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture and induced tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 30210922). 30210922
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TQ-B3139 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TQ-B3139 (CT-711) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 30210922). 30210922
EML4 - ALK Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited proliferation of cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited proliferation of non-small cell lung cancer cell lines harboring EML4-ALK in culture and resulted in dose-dependent antitumor activity in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in stable disease with early progression after 3 months in a patient with metastatic large cell neuroendocrine lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e20:e20) (PMID: 36207130). 36207130
EML4 - ALK mucosal melanoma sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited downstream signaling and decreased viability of a mucosal melanoma cell line expressing EML4-ALK in culture and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 29054983). 29054983
EML4 - ALK mucosal melanoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) decreased viability of a mucosal melanoma cell line harboring EML4-ALK in culture and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 29054983). 29054983
EML4 - ALK mucosal melanoma sensitive Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) decreased viability of a mucosal melanoma cell line harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 29054983). 29054983
EML4 - ALK mucosal melanoma sensitive ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASP3026 decreased viability of a mucosal melanoma cell line harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 29054983). 29054983
EML4 - ALK mucosal melanoma sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) decreased viability of a mucosal melanoma cell line harboring EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 29054983). 29054983
EML4 - ALK inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a decrease or disappearance of metastatic lesions after 10 months in a patient with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e20), who remained on treatment with good clinical condition at 16 months (PMID: 35280868). 35280868