Gene Detail

Contact

Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, Variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments, or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at : ckbsupport@jax.org

Gene Symbol ALK
Synonyms ALK1 | CD246 | NBLST3
Gene Description ALK, anaplastic lymphoma kinase, is a receptor in the insulin receptor superfamily and is a key regulator of neuronal development (PMID: 21502284) and also promotes cell proliferation through activation of MAPK and PI3K signaling pathways (PMID: 27573755). Alk activating mutations, rearrangements, and fusions have been identified in various cancers (PMID: 22649787), including EML4-ALK in non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 30108712, PMID: 30194140), and a number of mutations confer resistance in the context of Alk fusions (PMID: 25749034, PMID: 21948233).

Filtering

  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows if any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Use simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a space. Any order may be used (i. e. a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page. Filtering has no impact on query parameters.
  • Use quotes to match on a longer phrase with spaces (i.e. "mtor c1483f")

Sorting

  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending; however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column. Be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ALK wild-type neuroblastoma resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) did not inhibit growth of ALK wild-type neuroblastoma cells in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK wild-type endometrial cancer no benefit Dalantercept Phase II Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, treatment with Dalantercept (ACE-041) did not demonstrate activity as single agent in recurrent or persistent endometrial cancer, with a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 2.1 months, overall survival of 14.5 months, no objective responses, and stable disease in 57% (16/28) of patients (PMID: 25888978). 25888978
ALK wild-type neuroblastoma resistant CEP-28122 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, CEP-28122 did not inhibit growth of ALK wild-type neuroblastoma cells in culture (PMID: 22203728). 22203728
ALK wild-type breast cancer predicted - sensitive Cisplatin + Dalantercept Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Dalantercept (ACE-041) in combination with Platinol (cisplatin) resulted in decreased tumor growth in cell line xenograft models of breast cancer (PMID: 26373572). 26373572
ALK wild-type head and neck cancer predicted - sensitive Cisplatin + Dalantercept Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the addition of Dalantercept (ACE-041) to Platinol (cisplatin) treatment resulted in increased cytoxicity and decreased tumor growth in cell line xenograft models of head and neck cancer (PMID: 26373572). 26373572
ALK wild-type melanoma sensitive Dalantercept + Doxorubicin Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Dalantercept (ACE-041) in combination with Adria (doxorubicin) resulted in decreased tumor growth in cell line xenograft models of melanoma, with increased efficacy over either agent alone (PMID: 26373572). 26373572
ALK wild-type Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) inhibited cell proliferation in transformed cell lines over expressing wild-type ALK in culture and suppressed tumor growth in xenograft models (AACR, Cancer Res: April 2016; Volume 57, Abstract #2132). detail...
ALK wild-type TP53 C176F neuroblastoma no benefit Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not demonstrate synergy with the combination of Topotecan and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) on growth inhibition in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring wild-tpye Alk and TP53 C176F in culture (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK wild-type TP53 H168R neuroblastoma no benefit Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not improve the effect of Topotecan and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) on tumor growth suppression in xenograft models of a human neuroblastoma cell line harboring wild-type ALK and TP53 H168R (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK wild-type TP53 P177T neuroblastoma no benefit Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not demonstrate synergy with the combination of Topotecan and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) on growth inhibition in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring wild-tpye Alk and TP53 P177T in culture (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK wild-type TP53 mut neuroblastoma no benefit Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not demonstrate synergy with the combination of Topotecan and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) on growth inhibition in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring wild-tpye Alk and TP53 mutations in culture (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK wild-type TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma no benefit Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not demonstrate synergy with the combination of Topotecan and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) on growth inhibition in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring wild-tpye Alk and wild-type TP53 in culture (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK L1196M neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment resulted in a partial response with a progression-free survival over 544 days in a pediatric patient with neuroblastoma harboring ALK L1196M (PMID: 34780709; NCT01742286). 34780709
ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) inhibited cell proliferation in transformed cell lines over expressing ALK L1196M in culture (AACR, Cancer Res: April 2016; Volume 57, Abstract #2132). detail...
ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Conteltinib Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, Conteltinib (CT-707) inhibited ALK L1196M activity in an in vitro assay (PMID: 36424628). 36424628
ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK L1196M in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited the kinase activity of ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of non-small cell lung cancer cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 21502504). 21502504
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma no benefit Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a heavily pretreated patient with metastatic large cell neuroendocrine lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e20:e20) and ALK L1196M did respond to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment (PMID: 36207130). 36207130
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and reduced tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated moderate resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing an EML4-ALK fusion and ALK L1196M in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 21575866). 21575866
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated decreased sensitivity to Alecensa (alectinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK with wild-type ALK, in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1196M was identified at progression on Xalkori (crizotinib) in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK (PMID: 34058070). 34058070
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, EML4-ALK and ALK L1196M were identified as acquired mutations in the pleural effusion from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma after his disease progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 28434515). 28434515
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a cell line xenograft model expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M was resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK were insensitive to Xalkori (crizotinib) as demonstrated by a lack of growth inhibition and Alk phosphorylation in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment resulted in 1 partial response and 1 patient with stable disease among 2 patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20) and ALK L1196M (PMID: 34890832; NCT01283516). 34890832
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited cell survival and PI3K/AKT, MEK/ERK, and mTOR signaling in two human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines harboring the Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation EML4-ALK ALK L1196M in culture and inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models of one of those cell lines (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK L1196M demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 26698910) 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and proliferation of non-small cell lung carcinoma cells over expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, and resulted in tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M demonstrated sensitivity to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in a partial response in a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring EML4-ALK (v5) with ALK L1196M and stable disease in another patient harboring EML4-ALK (v2) with ALK L1196M (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) inhibited growth and Alk phosphorylation in cells expressing the Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation, EML4-ALK ALK L1196M (PMID: 21613408). 21613408
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M were resistant to Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M were sensitive to Rozlytrek (entrectinib), resulting in anti-proliferative activity in culture (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) inhibited Alk activity and proliferation of transformed cells over expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (European Journal of Cancer , Volume 69, S32). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Iruplinalkib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive XMU-MP-5 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, XMU-MP-5 treatment decreased downstream signaling and inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 34845836). 34845836
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TQ-B3139 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TQ-B3139 (CT-711) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M in culture and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 30210922). 30210922
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, introduction of an additional ALK mutation L1198F in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK reduced resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated a partial response when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib), however, after 6 months the patient progressed and was found to harbor two secondary resistance mutations, ALK G1269A and ALK L1196M (PMID: 23344087). 23344087
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1196M was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1196M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK treated on a clinical trial achieved a partial response when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib), however, after 5 months, the patient progressed and was found to harbor secondary resistance mutations, ALK C1156Y and ALK L1196M (PMID: 20979473; NCT00585195). 20979473
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1196M was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK L1196M was identified in 17% (12/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK L1196M was identified in one patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on first-line Alecensa (alectinib) and in 27% (15/56) of patients after progression on second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK L1196M was identified in 22% (10/46) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1196M was identified in biopsies from a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK rearrangement who developed resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a retrospective analysis, four non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring an ALK rearrangement responded to Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy, but then progressed, and were found to have acquired ALK L1196M (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in disease progression after 4 months of therapy in a patient with ALK rearranged lung adenocarcinoma, ALK L1196M was detected in the biopsies at disease progression (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK L1196M was identified in 17% (12/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical study, treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) resulted in antitumor activity in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK L1196M (n=12), with an objective response rate of 67% (8/12; 95% CI 35.0-90.0), a median duration of response not reached (NR) (95% CI 5.2-NR), and a median progression-free survival not reached (95% CI 2.8-NR) (PMID: 30892989; NCT01970865). 30892989
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK L1196M (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Ensartinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK L1196M was identified in 17% (12/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171S ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1171S was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1196M lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1196M was identified in the post-progression biopsy of a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20) and ALK F1174C, who previously responded to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment (PMID: 36093526). 36093526
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174C was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174L was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK F1174V was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1179V ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1179V was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1256F was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1196M and ALK G1202R were identified in the post-progression circulating tumor DNA of a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK who progressed on treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib), and in a preclinical study, cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK L1196M, and ALK G1202R were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 38448512, PMID: 36806896). 36806896 38448512
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK L1196M, and ALK G1202R were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 38448512). 38448512
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK L1196M compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1196M were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and L1196M were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK L1196M, and ALK G1202R were resistant to Xalcori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 38448512). 38448512
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK L1196M compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1196M were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and L1196M were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK L1196M, and ALK G1202R were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 38448512). 38448512
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and L1196M compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK L1196M was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, cells expressing EML4-ALK, ALK L1196M, and ALK G1202R were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 38448512). 38448512
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment did not inhibit proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and L1196M compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and resulted in only 18% tumor growth inhibition in a mouse cell line xenograft model (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1196M were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and L1196M were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and L1196M were resistant to Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and G1202R demonstrated resistance to treatment with Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, and resulted in complete tumor growth regression in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and L1196M in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive NUV-655 Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NUV-655 demonstrated activity in a patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1196M in culture and induced tumor regression in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (Eur J Cancer 2022 Vol 174, Supp 1:S78-S79). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive NUV-655 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, NUV-655 treatment resulted in decreased growth in cells expressing both EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R and L1196M in culture and resulted in tumor regression in cell-line xenograft models (Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr 1468). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring ALK G1202R and ALK L1196M developed resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) after initial response (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is not indicated for use as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK L1196M and G1202R compound mutations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK V1180L ALK L1196M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK G1202R and ALK L1196M were identified at disease progression while on Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in liquid biopsy of a patient with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer also harboring an ALK V1180L (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK L1196M ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 25% (1/12, all partial responses) and stable disease in 67% (8/12) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK L1196M (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M ALK D1203N lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment resulted in disease progression after 5 months of therapy in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement and an acquired ALK L1196M, ALK D1203N was detected in the biopsies at disease progression (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK rearrange ALK L1196M ALK D1203N lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement and acquired ALK L1196M, ALK D1203N mutations demonstrated primary resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment, resulted in immediate disease progression (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and D1203N demonstrated resistance to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and D1203N were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20) with ALK L1196M and D1203N was resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 37748191). 37748191
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and D1203N were resistant to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and D1203N were resistant to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e19:e20) and ALK D1203N who responded to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment was found to have acquired ALK L1196M upon disease progression (PMID: 38149055). 38149055
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1196M and ALK D1203N compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and D1203N were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and D1203N were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and D1203N demonstrated resistance to treatment with Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1196M in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M malignant pleural mesothelioma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1196M and ALK I1171N were identified in the post-progression biopsy of a patient with malignant pleural mesothelioma harboring EML4-ALK who previously responded to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 32600123). 32600123
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1196M were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1196M were resistant to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1196M in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M malignant pleural mesothelioma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in tumor regression and a partial response lasting 3.6 months in a patient with malignant pleural mesothelioma harboring EML4-ALK, ALK L1196M, and ALK I1171N (PMID: 32600123). 32600123
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1196M were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1196M were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1196M in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK L1196M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient with EML4-ALK, ALK G1202R, ALK L1196M, and ALK V1180L prior to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment demonstrated loss of the V1180L variant and acquisition of ALK C1156Y following progression on Lorbrena (lorlatinib) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK L1196M ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK L1196M and ALK L1198F compound mutation in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1196M ALK G1202R malignant pleural mesothelioma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK G1202R was identified in the post-progression biopsy of a patient with malignant pleural mesothelioma harboring EML4-ALK with ALK L1196M and ALK I1171N who previously responded to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment (PMID: 32600123). 32600123
ALK fusion ALK L1196M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1196M was identified as an acquired mutation in a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK fusion with ALK G1202R who developed resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) after initial response (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK L1196M ALK G1202R ALK D1203N large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1196M, ALK D1203N, and ALK G1202R were identified on post-progression biopsy in a patient with metastatic large cell neuroendocrine lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e20:e20), who previously achieved disease stabilization for 8 months with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment (PMID: 36207130). 36207130
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171T ALK F1174L ALK L1196M ALK D1203N ALK E1210K ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1196M, D1203N, and I1171T were identified at the time of progression on Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20), ALK G1269A, ALK F1174L, and ALK E1210K (PMID: 35123209). 35123209
ALK I1171T ALK R1192P ALK L1196M ALK F1245V neuroblastoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK F1245V developed progressive disease on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and was found to have acquired additional ALK variants, I1171T, R1192P, and L1196M, via circulating tumor DNA (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK L1196M ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK R1275Q and expressing L1196M was resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 37147298). 37147298
ALK F1174L ALK L1196M neuroblastoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, two neuroblastoma patients harboring ALK F1174L developed progressive disease on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and were found to have acquired ALK L1196M via circulating tumor DNA, and a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L and expressing L1196M was resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK F1174L was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (ADVL0912), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response of 15% (3/20) in pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma harboring ALK activating mutations or amplifications, although all 3 patients harboring ALK F1174L had disease progression after only 1 cycle of treatment (PMID: 33568345; NCT00939770). 33568345
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase Ib trial (PROFILE 1013), Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy resulted in stable disease lasting 19 months in a patient with advanced neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 29352732; NCT00939770). 29352732
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not inhibit growth of neuroblastoma cells over expressing ALK F1174L in culture, and only delayed tumor growth in patient-derived and cell line xenograft models harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment inhibited viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited downstream signaling and viability in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture and reduced cell invasion in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a complete response in 3 of 5 patients and a partial response in 1 of 5 patients with neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 37561984). 37561984
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a complete response lasting 13 mo in a pediatric patient with metastatic, relapsed neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L and PIK3CA C692Ffs*8, who had previously progressed on combination therapy with Xalkori (crizotinib), Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), and Topotecan (PMID: 34210658). 34210658
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in stable disease after 4 cycles in a pediatric patient with neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 36765519). 36765519
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a minor response with stable disease in a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited downstream signaling, viability, and invasion in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture, and decreased tumor growth and increased survival in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells over expressing ALK F1174L in culture, and induced rapid and sustained complete tumor regression in both patient-derived and cell line xenograft models harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment induced tumor regression in a transgenic mouse model of neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 27483357). 27483357
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK F1174L were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 30322862). 30322862
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a retrospective analysis, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in partial remission in a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 38787533; NCT04477681). 38787533
ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited foci formation more efficiently than Xalkori (crizotinib) in transformed cells overexpressing ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability in transformed cells expressing ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 27483357). 27483357
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Vandetanib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Caprelsa (vandetanib) treatment resulted in decreased tumor weight in a Mycn-overexpressing neuroblastoma transgenic mouse model with ALK F1174L (corresponds to F1178L in mouse) and subsequent upregulation of Ret (PMID: 24811913). 24811913
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Entrectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in a complete response in a patient with neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 35395680; NCT02650401). 35395680
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive AZD3463 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, AZD3463 inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK F1174L in culture, resulted in near complete tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26786851). 26786851
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive CEP-28122 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, CEP-28122 inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 22203728). 22203728
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + Ribociclib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zykadia (ceritinib) and Kisqali (ribociclib) synergistically inhibited proliferation and Alk phosphorylation and induced cell cycle arrest in neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L in culture, and induced complete tumor regression and increased event-free survival compared to either agent alone (P<0.0001) in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 27986745). 27986745
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, combination treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib), Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), and Topotecan resulted in a complete response after 2 cycles in a one pediatric patient, and a clinical response with stable disease lasting 7 months in another pediatric patient with relapsed neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 36765519). 36765519
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, combination treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib), Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), and Topotecan resulted in progressive disease within 1 cycle of therapy in a pediatric patient with metastatic, relapsed neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L and PIK3CA C692Ffs*8 (PMID: 34210658). 34210658
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) inhibited proliferation of a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 31852910). 31852910
ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) decreased Alk phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth in cells expressing ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 31852910). 31852910
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, SHP099 decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Conteltinib Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, Conteltinib (CT-707) inhibited ALK F1174L activity in an in vitro assay (PMID: 36424628). 36424628
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive TNO155 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TNO155 decreased viability and invasion of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture and decreased tumor growth and cell invasion and increased survival in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK F1174L in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of SHP099 and Xalkori (crizotinib) synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive TQ-B3139 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TQ-B3139 (CT-711) inhibited proliferation of a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L in culture and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 30210922). 30210922
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Cyclophosphamide + Doxorubicin + Lorlatinib + Vincristine Sulfate Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Lorbrena (lorlatinib), Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Adriamycin (doxorubicin), and Oncovin (vincristine) resulted in an early tumor response, and improved survival in a genetically engineered mouse model of neuroblastoma harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive 4SC-205 + Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of 4SC-205 and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited viability to a greater degree than either therapy alone in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 34709738). 34709738
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive 4SC-205 + Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of 4SC-205 and Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited viability to a greater degree than either therapy alone in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L (PMID: 34709738). 34709738
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive CCC-003 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, CCC-003 treatment resulted in decreased cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 34591871). 34591871
ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive CCC-003 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, CCC-003 inhibited viability in transformed cells expressing ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 34591871). 34591871
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + TNO155 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of TNO155 and Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in enhanced inhibition of downstream signaling and invasion and synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture and led to significantly decreased tumor growth in a cell line xenograft model compared to either agent alone (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib + TNO155 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of TNO155 and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited downstream signaling and invasion and synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture, decreased growth and improved survival compared to either agent alone in cell line xenograft models, and treatment with TNO155 restored sensitivity to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in Lorbrena (lorlatinib)-resistant cell lines and cell line xenograft models (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + TNO155 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of TNO155 and Xalkori (crizotinib) synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of SHP099 and Zykadia (ceritinib) decreased invasion and synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib + SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of SHP099 and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) decreased invasion and synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK F1174L TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + CGM097 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zykadia (ceritinib) and CGM097 inhibited Alk signaling and resulted in synergistic inhibition of proliferation in a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L in culture and induced tumor regression in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 28425916). 28425916
ALK F1174L TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Xalkori (crizotinib), Topotecan, and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) synergized to sustain tumor regression in xenograft models of a crizotinib-resistant human neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L and wild-type TP53 (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK F1174L TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Idasanutlin + TAE684 Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a preclinical study, TAE684 and Idasanutlin (RG7388) synergistically inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK F1174L TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Alectinib + Idasanutlin Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) and Idasanutlin (RG7388) synergistically inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L were less sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib)-mediated growth inhibition compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L were resistant to ASP3026 mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture and in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK F1174L in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib)-mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and cell proliferation of transformed cells over expressing ALK F1174L in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive AZD3463 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, AZD3463 inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Iruplinalkib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant XMU-MP-5 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L did not demonstrate sensitivity to treatment with XMU-MP-5 in culture (PMID: 34845836). 34845836
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited proliferation of a cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
ALK F1174L ALK L1198P neuroblastoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, expression of ALK L1198P in neuroblastoma cells harboring an ALK F1174L mutation resulted in resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 21948233). 21948233
ALK F1174L ALK L1198P neuroblastoma resistant TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, expression of ALK L1198P in neuroblastoma cells harboring an ALK F1174L mutation resulted in resistance to TAE684 in culture (PMID: 21948233). 21948233
ALK G1123S ALK F1174L neuroblastoma resistant TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, expression of ALK G1123S in neuroblastoma cells harboring an ALK F1174L mutation resulted in resistance to TAE684 in culture (PMID: 21948233). 21948233
ALK G1123D ALK F1174L neuroblastoma resistant TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, expression of ALK G1123D in neuroblastoma cells harboring an ALK F1174L mutation resulted in resistance to TAE684 in culture (PMID: 21948233). 21948233
ALK F1174L ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited proliferation of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK amplification and ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 29907598). 29907598
ALK F1174L ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK amplification and ALK F1174L in culture (PMID: 29907598). 29907598
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK L1198V lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK progressed while being treated with Alunbrig (brigatinib) and was subsequently found to harbor two resistance mutations, ALK F1174L and ALK L1198V, which were both in cis (PMID: 29636358). 29636358
ALK rearrange ALK F1174L lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK F1174L was identified in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK F1174L lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK F1174L was identified in biopsies at disease progression after 4 months of Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK rearrange ALK F1174L lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK F1174C/L was identified in 14% (4/29) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Belizatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK F1174L and ALK G1269A were identified as newly acquired mutations in the pleural effusion from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring an acquired EML4-ALK after his disease progressed on Belizatinib (TSR-011) treatment (PMID: 28434515). 28434515
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK D1203N ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK D1203N were identified as a newly acquired mutation in the pleural effusion from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma after his disease progressed on Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment, in addition to the EML4-ALK, ALK F1174L, and ALK G1269A acquired after disease progression on Xalkori (crizotinib) and Belizatinib (TSR-011) sequentially (PMID: 28434515). 28434515
ALK rearrange ALK F1174L ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer progressed on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and subsequent testing of the tumor biopsy revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174L whereas testing of single isolated circulating tumor cells (CTC) revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174C in one CTC sample and ALK G1202R and ALK T1151M in the second CTC sample (PMID: 31439588). 31439588
ALK F1174L ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 71% (5/7, all partial responses) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK F1174L (n=5) or ALK F1174V (n=1) (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M ALK C1156Y ALK F1174L ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in disease progression after 3.7 months therapy in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R, at disease progression, ALK F1174L in cis wth ALK G1202R was identified in biopsies, and ALK C1156Y, G1269A, S1206F, and T1151M were identified in ctDNA (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK F1174L and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174L in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174L were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174L demonstrated resistance to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174L in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174L in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174L were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174L Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174L in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
ALK F1174L ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (ADVL0912), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response of 15% (3/20) in pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma harboring ALK activating mutations or amplifications, and a patient harboring both ALK F1174L and ALK R1275Q stayed on treatment for 3 cycles until disease progression (PMID: 33568345; NCT00939770). 33568345
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK I1171T ALK F1174C ALK F1174L ALK F1174V ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in stable disease with a progression-free survival of 10 months in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20), ALK E1129V, F1174C, F1174L, F1174V, I1171T, and G1269A (PMID: 36093526). 36093526
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK I1171T ALK F1174C ALK F1174L ALK F1174V ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK E1129V, F1174C, F1174L, F1174V, I1171T, and G1269A were identified in the post-progression biopsy of a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20), who previously responded to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 36093526). 36093526
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK S1189C lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK along with ALK F1174L in cis with ALK S1189C did not respond to first-line Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 36506539). 36506539
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK S1189C lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK along with ALK F1174L in cis with ALK S1189C did not respond to second-line Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment (PMID: 36506539). 36506539
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK E1210K ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e13:e20), ALK G1269A, ALK F1174L, and ALK E1210K (PMID: 35123209). 35123209
ALK F1174L NRAS Q61K neuroblastoma resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, expression of NRAS Q61K in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L conferred resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 35689207). 35689207
ALK F1174L NRAS Q61K neuroblastoma resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, expression of NRAS Q61K in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L conferred resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 35689207). 35689207
ALK F1174L FGFR1 N546K neuroblastoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK F1174L developed progressive disease on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and was found to have acquired FGFR1 N546K via circulating tumor DNA (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK F1174L PIK3CA H1047R neuroblastoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK F1174L developed progressive disease on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and was found to have acquired PIK3CA H1047R via circulating tumor DNA (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK F1174L ALK G1202R ALK D1203N ALK amp neuroblastoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK F1174L developed progressive disease on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and was found to have acquired ALK amplification, and ALK G1202R and D1203N each in cis with F1174L via circulating tumor DNA (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK F1174L ALK G1202R neuroblastoma resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174L and expressing G1202R was resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 37147298). 37147298
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174L ALK E1210K lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK E1210K was identified at the time of progression on Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma who initially harbored EML4-ALK (e13:e20) and ALK G1269A, and also acquired ALK F1174L and lost ALK G1269A during Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment (PMID: 35123209). 35123209
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Erlotinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Afatinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines as preferred first-line and as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). detail... 30285222
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as subsequent therapy for patients who have progressed on second-generation ALK inhibitors (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). 30596843 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 100% (8/8) in ALK inhibitor-naive, ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, 72% (51/71) in Xalkori (crizotinib) treated ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients, and 83% (5/6) in ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients with CNS metastases (PMID: 27836716; NCT01449461). 27836716
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial (ALTA) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in an overall response rate of 45% (51/112) in the 90mg arm and 54% (59/110) in the 180mg arm, and median progression-free survival of 9.2 and 11.0 months respectively, in ALK-rearranged (fusion) non-small cell lung carcinoma patients who progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 28475456; NCT02094573). detail... 28475456
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib FDA approved - Has Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (ALTA-1L) that supported FDA approval, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in superior progression-free survival (HR=0.49, p=0.0007) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with ALK-rearrangement positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (Ann Oncol., Apr 2019, 30 (Suppl 2):ii48; NCT02737501). detail... detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a retrospective analysis, Alunbrig (brigatinib) demonstrated limited efficacy, resulting in an objective response rate of 17% (3/18) and stable disease in 50% (9/18) of patients with Alecensa (alectinib) refractory, ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, with a median progression-free survival of 4.4 months (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Brigatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Alunbrig (brigatinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines as initial, second-line, and subsequent therapy for patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma harboring ALK rearrangements (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced, recurrent, metastatic, or inoperable inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange Cancer of Unknown Primary sensitive Brigatinib Guideline Actionable Alunbrig (brigatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with cancer of unknown primary harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 36563965, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 detail... 36563965
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, ASP3026 treatment resulted in a partial response in 50% (8/16) and stable disease in 44% (7/16) of patients with an advanced solid tumor harboring an ALK rearrangement or ALK F1174L (PMID: 26966027; NCT01284192). 26966027
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Osimertinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines as preferred first-line therapy and as subsequent therapy for patients with ALK-rearranged advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as first-line therapy for non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangements, including patients with CNS involvement, and as subsequent therapy for patients that progress on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). 30596843 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in disease stability in an HIV-positive pregnant patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK translocation, with normal fetal development observed (PMID: 36644155). 36644155
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment was effective in treating non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement, resulting in a 50% (61/122) objective response rate (ORR) in all patients, a 45% (43/96) ORR in Crizotinib-refractory patients, and an 83% (70/84) CNS disease control rate (PMID: 26598747). 26598747
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALEX), Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in improved rate of progression-free survival compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) (68.4% vs 48.7%, HR=0.47), and median progression-free survival (25.7 vs 10.4 months) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK rearrangement (PMID: 28586279; NCT02075840). 28586279 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial supporting FDA approval (ALINA), adjuvant Alecensa (alectinib) treatment improved 2-year disease-free survival rate (93.8% vs 63.0%, HR 0.24, p<0.001) compared to chemotherapy in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK rearrangement, and was associated with CNS disease-free survival benefit (HR 0.22) (PMID: 38598794; NCT03456076). 38598794 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Alectinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Alecensa (alectinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a pregnant patient with ALK-rearranged metastatic lung adenocarcinoma, with normal fetal development and infant development for at least the first 20 months post birth (PMID: 33795207). 33795207
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines as second-line and subsequent therapy for patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma harboring ALK rearrangements (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 9 months in a patient with metastatic large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 37456922). 37456922
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced, recurrent, metastatic, or inoperable inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange epithelioid inflammatory myofibroblastic sarcoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a complete response lasting 44.2 months in a pediatric patient with an ALK-rearranged epithelioid inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (PMID: 34036223). 34036223
ALK rearrange Cancer of Unknown Primary sensitive Alectinib Guideline Actionable Alecensa (alectinib) is included in guidelines for patients with cancer of unknown primary harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 36563965, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). detail... 30285222 36563965
ALK rearrange colon mucinous adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase Ib trial (PROFILE 1013), Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy resulted in a partial response in a patient with colon mucinous carcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement with a response duration of 103.3 weeks (PMID: 29352732; NCT00939770). 29352732
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 59.3% (48/81, 8 complete responses), clinical benefit rate of 86.4% (70/81), median duration of response of 13.5 months, median progression-free survival of 15.8 months, and median overall survival of 46.5 months in patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 36162227; NCT02679170). 36162227
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (10.9 vs 7.0 months, HR=0.45, p<0.001) and objective response rate (74% vs 45%) relative to chemotherapy in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 25470694; NCT01154140). detail... 25470694 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial (PROFILE 1014), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved progression-free survival (PFS) (PFS=10.9 months, n=172) relative to chemotherapy (PFS=7.0 months, n=171) in NSCLC patients with ALK rearrangements, including patients with and without brain metastases at baseline, and improved intracranial disease rate in patients with brain metastases at baseline (PMID: 27022118; NCT01154140). 27022118
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in improved objective response (87.5%, 90/103 vs 45.6%, 47/103) and median progression free survival (11.1 vs 6.8 mo) compared to pemetrexed, cisplatin and carboplatinin combination treatment in treatment-naive ALK positive advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma patients (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9058); NCT01639001). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement, or as a next-line therapy in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who have not received prior Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as first-line therapy for non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangements (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). detail... 30596843
ALK rearrange thyroid gland medullary carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase Ib trial (PROFILE 1013), Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy resulted in a partial response in a patient with medullary thyroid carcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement with a response duration of 16.1 weeks (PMID: 29352732; NCT00939770). 29352732
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I/II trial that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 83% (5/6, all complete responses (CR)) at the 165 mg dose, and an ORR of 90% (18/20, 16 CR) at the 280 mg dose, in pediatric patients 1 years of age or older and young adults with relapsed or refractory ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (PMID: 28787259; NCT00939770). 28787259 detail...
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as second-line and subsequent therapy for patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma harboring ALK rearrangements (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a partial response after 6 months and a complete response in the second year of treatment in an 8-year-old pediatric patient with metastatic inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring an ALK rearrangement, with response ongoing after 5 years of treatment (PMID: 31615346). 31615346
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 40 months in a pediatric patient with an ALK-rearranged inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (PMID: 34036223). 34036223
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (Study ADVL0912) that supported FDA approval, Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy was safe and resulted in an objective response rate of 86% (12/14, 5 complete responses, 7 partial responses) and stable disease in 14% (2/14) of pediatric patients with ALK-positive unresectable inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors, with a median duration of response of 1.63 years (PMID: 28787259; NCT00939770). 28787259 detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib FDA approved Actionable In a Phase Ib trial (PROFILE 1013) that supported FDA approval, treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) resulted in an objective response rate of 66.7% (6/9, 1 complete response, 5 partial responses) and stable disease in 33.3% (3/9) of adult patients with advanced ALK-positive inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors, with a median duration of response of 74.1 weeks in (PMID: 29352732; NCT00939770). 29352732 detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced, recurrent, metastatic, or inoperable inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lymphoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase Ib trial (PROFILE 1013), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 52.9% (9/17, 8 complete responses, 1 partial response) and stable disease in 17.6% (3/17) of patients with advanced ALK-positive lymphomas, with a median duration of response of 135.9 weeks in (PMID: 29352732; NCT00939770). 29352732
ALK rearrange Cancer of Unknown Primary sensitive Crizotinib Guideline Actionable Xalkori (crizotinib) is included in guidelines for patients with cancer of unknown primary harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 36563965, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). detail... 30285222 36563965
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Gefitinib Guideline Actionable EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors including Tarceva (erlotinib), Iressa (gefitinib), Gilotrif (afatinib), and Tagrisso (osimertinib) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in ALK rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients who relapsed on Alecensa (alectinib), Xalkori (crizotinib), or Zykadia (ceritinib) (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase I trial that supported FDA approval, Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in a blinded independent review committee (BIRC)-assessed objective response rate of 44% (72/163) and a duration of response of 7.1 months in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients (PMID: 25754348; NCT01283516). 25754348 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (ASCEND-2), non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement and previously treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) and chemotherapy demonstrated an overall response rate of 38.6% (54/140), a disease control rate of 77.1%, a median time to response of 1.8 months, a median duration of response of 9.7 months, and a median progression-free survival of 5.7 months when treated with Zykadia (ceritinib) (PMID: 27432917; NCT01685060). 27432917
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (ASCEND-7), Zykadia (ceritinib) demonstrated efficacy in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients with active brain metastasis, resulting in whole-body overall response rate (ORR) of 35.7% (15/42), 30.0% (12/40), 50.0% (6/12), and 59.1% (26/44) in those who received prior radiation/ALK inhibitor (ALKi), ALKi only, radiation only, no prior radiation/ALKi, respectively, and whole-body ORR of 16.7% (3/18) in patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (PMID: 35091443; NCT02336451). 35091443
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated a median overall survival of 49.5 months following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Zykadia (ceritinib), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines as first-line and as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). detail... 30285222
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as first-line therapy for non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangements, including patients with CNS involvement, and as subsequent therapy for patients that progress on Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). detail... 30596843
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment was well tolerated and resulted in an overall response rate of 75% (6/8; 2 complete responses, 4 partial responses) and a disease control rate of 88% (7/8) in pediatric patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma harboring ALK rearrangement, with median progression-free survival not reached (PMID: 34780709; NCT01742286). 34780709
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines as initial, second-line, and subsequent therapy for patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma harboring ALK rearrangements (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Ceritinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment was well tolerated and resulted in an overall response rate of 70% (7/10; 7 partial responses) and a disease control rate of 80% (8/10) in pediatric patients with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring ALK rearrangement, with median progression-free survival not reached (PMID: 34780709; NCT01742286). 34780709
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced, recurrent, metastatic, or inoperable inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-squamous non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, first-line treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) resulted in an improved median progression-free survival of 16.6 months, compared to 8.1 months with chemotherapy, in patients with ALK-rearranged non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 28126333; NCT01828099). 28126333
ALK rearrange Cancer of Unknown Primary sensitive Ceritinib Guideline Actionable Zykadia (ceritinib) is included in guidelines for patients with cancer of unknown primary harboring ALK rearrangements (PMID: 36563965, PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). detail... 30285222 36563965
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response in 46% (19/41) of patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 29074098; NCT03052608). 29074098
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 82.4% (14/17, all partial responses (PR)) and 63.6% (21/33, all PR) in Asian and non-Asian patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer who had prior Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment and an ORR of 47.2% (25/53, 2 complete responses, 23 PR) and 30.1% (22/73, all PR) in patients previously treated with any second-generation ALK inhibitor (PMID: 35660971; NCT01970865). 35660971
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase II trial that supported FDA approval, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an objective response (OR) rate of 47% (93/198; 4 CR, 89 PR) and a median time to overall first tumor response of 1.4 months, and an objective intracranial response rate of 63% (51/81) and median time to first intracranial response of 1.4 months in ALK-positive (rearrangement or fusion) non-small cell lung cancer patients who had received at least one prior ALK inhibitor therapy (PMID: 30413378; NCT01970865). detail... detail... 30413378
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an intracranial disease control rate of 95% (21/22), intracranial objective response rate of 59% (13/22; 6 complete responses, 7 partial responses), a median intracranial progression-free survival (PFS) rate of 24.6 months, and a 12-month PFS rate of 79% in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer, who previously demonstrated central nervous system progression on second-generation ALK inhibitors (PMID: 35584349; NCT02927340). 35584349
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib FDA approved - On Companion Diagnostic Actionable In a Phase III trial (Study B7461006) that supported FDA approval, first-line Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a significantly improved 12-mo progression-free survival rate (78% vs 39%, HR 0.28, p<0.0010) and a response rate of 76% (113/149) vs 58% (85/147) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in patients with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, and led to an intracranial response rate of 71% (12/14) vs 23% (3/13) in patients with measurable CNS metastases (PMID: 33207094; NCT03052608). 33207094 detail... detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as preferred first-line therapy and as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement who have progressed on an ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (PMID: 30285222; ESMO.org). 30285222 detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in the Pan-Asian Guidelines Adaptation (PAGA) as subsequent therapy for patients who have progressed on second-generation ALK inhibitors (PMID: 30596843; ESMO.org). 30596843 detail...
ALK rearrange inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as first-line therapy for patients with advanced, recurrent, metastatic, or inoperable inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor harboring ALK translocations (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Belizatinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I trial, Belizatinib (TSR-011) treatment resulted in a response in 100% (3/3) of patients with ALK-rearranged advanced solid tumors when administered at higher doses, and stable disease for 7 months or longer in 56% (5/9) of patients at a lower dose (J Clin Oncol 33, 2015 (suppl; abstr 8063)). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Guideline Actionable Ensartinib (X-396) is included in guidelines for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 30285222, Version Update 15 Sept 2020; ESMO.org). detail... 30285222
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in partial response in 60% (36/60) and stable disease in 21.7 % (13/60) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, with a median progression-free survival of 9.2 months, and a response rate of 80% (12/15) in crizotinib-naïve patients and 69% (20/29) in patients with prior crizotinib treatment (PMID: 29563138; NCT01625234). 29563138
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment significantly improved progression-free survival in patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (25.8 vs 12.7 mo, HR 0.51, p<0.001) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib), and resulted in an intracranial response rate of 63.6% (7 of 11) in patients with target brain metastases at baselinewith compared to 21.1% (4 of 19) with Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 34473194; NCT02767804). 34473194
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, non-small cell lung cancer patients with brain metastases harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated prolonged survival following treatment with the combination of an ALK-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, including Ensartinib (X-396), and radiotherapy (PMID: 26438117). 26438117
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Atezolizumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Atezolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Nivolumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Durvalumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Durvalumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Imfinzi (durvalumab), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Pembrolizumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and Imfinzi (durvalumab) are not indicated for use as subsequent therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients with ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Pembrolizumab Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors (Opdivo (nivolumab), Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Durvalumab (MEDI4736), or Tecentriq (atezolizumab)) resulted in lower objective response rate (3.6%, 1/28) in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring EGFR mutations (22/28) or ALK rearrangement (6/28) compared to EGFR wild-type, ALK negative/unknown patients (23.3%, 7/30) (PMID: 27225694). 27225694
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Entrectinib Clinical Study Actionable In a combined analysis of 2 Phase I trials (ALKA-372-001, STARTRK-1), Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in an objective response rate of 57% (4/7) in patients with ALK-rearranged advanced solid tumors that were treatment-naive, but no response (0/19) in patients who received prior Alk inhibitor treatments (PMID: 28183697; NCT02097810). 28183697
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Ipilimumab + Nivolumab Guideline Actionable Immune checkpoint inhibitors including Keytruda (pembrolizumab), Tecentriq (atezolizumab), and the combination of Opdivo (nivolumab) and Yervoy (ipilimumab) are not indicated for use as initial systemic therapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring oncogenes, including ALK rearrangement (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Guideline Diagnostic ALK rearrangement aids in the diagnosis of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange anaplastic large cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Guideline Prognostic The presence of ALK rearrangement is associated with a favorable prognosis in patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ceritinib + Ribociclib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Zykadia (ceritinib) and Kisqali (ribociclib) combination therapy demonstrated a manageable safety profile and resulted in an overall response rate of 37.0% (10/27; 1 complete response and 9 partial responses) with a median progression-free survival of 21.5 months in patients with advanced ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 35298959). 35298959
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib + Crizotinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis of patients with ALK-rearrangement positive non-small cell lung cancer, the combined median progression-free survival for sequential treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) and Zykadia (ceritinib) without intervening treatments was 17.0 months, and overall survival was 49.4 months (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Crizotinib + Onalespib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Onalespib (AT13387) and Xalkori (crizotinib) combination treatment did not significantly improve median progression free survival (269 vs 266 days) or objective response rate (55.4%, 38/68 vs 45.3%, 31/68) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) single treatment in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring either an ALK mutation or ALK rearrangement (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9059); NCT01712217). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Conteltinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Conteltinib (CT-707) demonstrated safety and efficacy in patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, resulting in an overall response rate (ORR) of 53.3% (32/60), a disease control rate (DCR) of 80%, and a median progression-free survival of 9.26 months, with an ORR of 61.4% (25/39) and a DCR of 82.1% in ALK inhibitor-naive patients and an ORR of 33.3% (7/21) and a DCR of 76.2% (16/21) in patients previously treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 36424628; NCT02695550). 36424628
ALK rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Conteltinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Conteltinib (CT-707) demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy, resulting in an overall response rate of 77% (10/13, 1 complete response, 9 partial responses) and a disease control rate of 85% (11/13) in patients with ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma (n=12) or malignant pleural mesothelioma (n=1), median progression-free survival was 13 months in patients with lung adenocarcinoma (PMID: 32181989). 32181989
ALK rearrange malignant pleural mesothelioma no benefit Conteltinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Conteltinib (CT-707) treatment resulted in disease progression after 1 cycle in a patient with ALK-rearranged malignant pleural mesothelioma (PMID: 32181989). 32181989
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Iruplinalkib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) demonstrated safety and resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 56.6% (56/99; all partial responses) and a disease control rate (DCR) of 83.8% (83/99), and median duration of response and median progression-free survival were not reached in non-small cell lung cancer patients with an ALK or ROS1-rearrangement, with an ORR of 58.2% (53/91; all partial responses) and DCR of 85.7% (78/91) in patients with an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 35087031; NCT03389815). 35087031
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Iruplinalkib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (INTELLECT), Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) treatment resulted in an IRC-assessed objective response rate (ORR) of 69.9% (102/146), investigator-assessed ORR of 63.0%, disease control rate of 94.5%, and median progression-free survival of 14.5 months in patients with ALK-positive, Crizotinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer, and an intracranial ORR of 46% (41/90) and 64% (27/42) for patients with CNS metastases or measurable intracranial lesions, respectively (PMID: 36829154; NCT04641754). 36829154
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Iruplinalkib Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial (INSPIRE), Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) treatment in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients resulted in a significantly improved median progression free survival (mPFS) of 27.7 months, improved objective response rate (ORR) of 93.0% (133/143), and intracranial ORR of 90.9% (10/11) compared to a mPFS of 14.6 months (HR=0.34, p<0.0001), ORR of 89.3% (133/149), and intracranial ORR of 60.0% (9/15) with Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 38280448; NCT04632758). 38280448
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive PLB1003 Phase I Actionable In a Phase Ia trial, PLB1003 demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy, resulted in a disease control rate of 86% (12/14, 10 partial response, 2 stable disease) in patients with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer who progressed on or did not tolerate previous treatment (Journal of Thoracic Oncology, Volume 14, Issue 10, S651). detail...
ALK rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Bevacizumab + Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a lung adenocarcinoma patient with brain metastasis harboring an ALK rearrangement, who had progressed on single agent Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment, demonstrated a partial response when treated with a combination of Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and Avastin (bevacizumab), with a 68% decrease in tumor size in the brain and a total duration of disease control for 9.1 months (PMID: 33283131). 33283131
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive SAF-189s Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, SAF-189s was well tolerated in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients, and resulted in a disease control rate (DCR) of 100% and median progression-free survival (PFS) of 33.1 mo in ALK inhibitor (ALKi)-naive and 22.1 mo in ALKi-pretreated patients in Phase I, and a DCR of 98.1% and 88.5%, and objective response rate of 92.3% and 65.4%, in ALKi-naive or crizotinib-pretreated patients, respectively, in Phase II (J Clin Oncol 40, 2022 (suppl 16; abs 9076); NCT04237805). detail...
ALK rearrange lung small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib + Irinotecan Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, treatment with the combination of Alecensa (alectinib) and Camptosar (irinotecan) resulted in a partial response with progression-free survival lasting longer than 6 months in a small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring an ALK rearrangement (PMID: 34729013). 34729013
ALK rearrange Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TQ-B3101 Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, TQ-B3101 treatment was well tolerated and resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 62.5% (15/24) in patients with ALK-positive, ROS1-positive, or MET-amplified advanced solid tumors, with an ORR of 62.5% (5/8) in patients with brain metastases (J Clin Oncol 38, 2020 (suppl 15; abstr e21705); NCT03019276). detail...
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive TQ-B3139 Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, TQ-B3139 (CT-711) improved median progression-free survival (24.87 vs 11.60 mo; HR=0.47, p<0.0001), objective response rate (ORR) (81.68% vs 70.68%, p=0.056), and median duration of response (DOR) (25.79 vs 11.14 mo; HR=0.50, p=0.0003) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients, and also improved CNS ORR (78.95% vs 23.81%) and CNS DOR (25.82 vs 7.39 mo, p=0.0030) in patients with baseline brain lesions (PMID: 37574511; NCT04009317). 37574511
ALK rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ficonalkib Phase Ib/II Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Ficonalkib (SY-3505) treatment was well tolerated and resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 47.5% (38/80, all partial responses (PR)), disease control rate of 92.5%, median duration of response of 9.23 months, and median progression-free survival of 7.95 months, and an intracranial ORR of 37.5% (12/32, 4 complete responses, 8 PR) and intracranial DCR of 100% (32/32) in Chinese patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 38295954; NCT05257512). 38295954
ALK rearrange ALK I1171T lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in progressive disease in a patient with Alecensa (alectinib)-refractory, ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer with an acquired ALK I1171T (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange ALK I1171T lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK I1171T was identified in the post-progression biopsy of a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK rearrangement after Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange ALK I1171T lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK I1171T was identified in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK I1171T lung adenocarcinoma resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with a lung adenocarcinoma tumor harboring an ALK rearrangement with ALK I1171T progressed on Alecensa (alectinib) therapy after 4 months and resistance was confirmed using cell culture with cells derived from the patient’s tumor (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
ALK rearrange ALK I1171T lung adenocarcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with a lung adenocarcinoma tumor harboring an ALK rearrangement with ALK I1171T progressed on Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy after 8 months and resistance was confirmed using cell culture with cells derived from the patient's tumor (PMID: 25228534). 25228534
ALK rearrange ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK rearrangement responded to Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy, but then progressed after 18.2 months, and was found to have acquired ALK C1156Y (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange ALK C1156Y lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK C1156Y was identified in biopsies at disease progression after 16 months of Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement, cells derived from patient's tumor were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK rearrange ALK C1156Y lung adenocarcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib + Saracatinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Saracatinib (AZD0530) and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) synergistically inhibited viability of cells derived from the tumor from a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement and an acquired ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK rearrange ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring ALK C1156Y ALK L1198F developed resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) after initial response (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
ALK rearrange MAP2K1 K57N lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib + Selumetinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NSCLC patient derived cells harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) due to the acquired mutation MAP2K1 K57N, however, sensitivity was restored to Zykadia (ceritinib) with the addition of Koselugo (selumetinib), resulting in decreased cell survival in culture and reduced tumor volume in xenograft models (PMID: 25394791). 25394791
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in progressive disease in a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer refractory to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment, ALK G1202R was identified in post-brigatinib biopsy (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK G1202R was identified in 33% (23/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK G1202R was identified in a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung carcinoma after the disease progressed while on Xalkori (crizotinib) followed by Alecensa (alectinib) therapy (PMID: 27130468). 27130468
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK G1202R was identified in a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung carcinoma after the disease progressed while on Zykadia (ceritinib) followed by Alecensa (alectinib) therapy (PMID: 28285684). 28285684
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK G1202R was identified in 13% (7/52) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after disease progression on first-line Alecensa (alectinib), and in 32% (18/56) patients who responded to second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK G1202R was identified in 37% (17/46) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK G1202R was identified in 33% (23/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical study, treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) resulted in antitumor activity in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK G1202R or ALK G1202del (n=28), with an objective response rate of 57% (16/28; 95% CI 37.0-76.0), a median duration of response of 7 months (95% CI 6.1-24.4), and a median progression-free survival of 8.2 months (95% CI 5.6-25.6) (PMID: 30892989; NCT01970865). 30892989
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Guideline Actionable Lorbrena (lorlatinib) is included in guidelines as subsequent therapy for patients with advanced or metastatic ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK G1202R (NCCN.org). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Ensartinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK G1202R was identified in 33% (23/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ficonalkib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial, Ficonalkib (SY-3505) treatment was well tolerated and resulted in an objective response rate (ORR) of 47.5% (38/80, all partial responses (PR)), a disease control rate of 92.5%, median duration of response of 9.23 months, and median progression-free survival of 7.95 in Chinese patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, with an ORR of 70% (7/10) in patients with ALK G1202R (PMID: 38295954; NCT05257512). 38295954
ALK rearrange RB1 C706F TP53 loss lung small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, RB1 C706F and loss of exons 1-11 in TP53 were identified in the pericardium infiltrating small cell lung cancer that developed while on Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) treatment in a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung carcinoma (PMID: 28285684). 28285684
ALK rearrange ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in stable disease in 2 patients with Alecensa (alectinib)-refractory, ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer with an acquired ALK I1171N (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a de novo ALK I1171N mutation was identified in the liver metastasis site and circulating DNA of a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK rearrangement after disease progression on Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 27565911). 27565911
ALK rearrange ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK I1171N was identified in 6% (3/52) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after disease progression on first-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK G1123S lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in rapid response in a patient with ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma with an acquired ALK G1123S mutation, whose disease had relapsed 2 years after initial response to Zykadia (ceritinib) (PMID: 26134233). 26134233
ALK rearrange ALK G1123S lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK G1123S was identified as an acquired mutation in a patient with ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma whose disease relapsed 2 years after initial response to Zykadia (ceritinib) (PMID: 26134233). 26134233
ALK rearrange ALK T1151dup ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring an ALK rearrangement demonstrated a partial response with Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment, but then progressed after 10.8 months, and was found to harbor secondary resistance mutations, ALK T1151dup and ALK G1269A (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange ALK amp lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK amplification was identified in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on first-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment and in 4% (2/56) of patients after progression on second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK amp lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, three patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma co-harboring an ALK rearrangement and ALK amplification demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
ALK rearrange ALK amp lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a retrospective analysis, two non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring an ALK rearrangement responded to Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy, but then progressed, and were found to have acquired ALK amplification (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange ALK S1206Y lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK rearrangement responded to Xalkori (crizotinib) therapy, but then progressed after 32 months, and was found to have acquired ALK S1206Y (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange ALK S1206Y lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK S1206Y in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
ALK rearrange ALK I1171N ALK L1198F lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring ALK I1171N and L1198F in cis in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated primary resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
ALK rearrange ALK I1171N ALK D1203N lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring ALK I1171N and D1203N developed resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) after initial response (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring ALK G1202R ALK G1269A developed resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) after initial response (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
ALK rearrange ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK G1269A and L1204V were identified as acquired mutations in an ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring ALK G1202R who developed resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) after initial response (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
ALK rearrange ALK D1203N ALK E1210K ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK G1269A was identified as an acquired mutation in an ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring ALK E1210K and D1203N, who developed resistance to Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) after initial response (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
ALK rearrange ALK V1180L lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in 1 partial response and 1 stable disease in a total of 2 patients with Alecensa (alectinib)-refractory, ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer with an acquired ALK V1180L (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange ALK V1180L lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK V1180L was identified in 4% (2/52) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after disease progression on first-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK V1180L lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK V1180L was identified in post-progression biopsies of 2 non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring an ALK rearrangement after Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange ALK V1180L lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK V1180L was identified in 11% (5/46) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK D1203N lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK D1203N was identified at disease progression while on Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in a patient with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 29935304). 29935304
ALK rearrange ALK D1203N lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK D1203N was identified in 24% (7/29) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange TP53 mut lung non-small cell carcinoma decreased response Brigatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, TP53 mutant ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients demonstrated a lower median progression-free survival following treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib), Alecensa (alectinib), or Alunbrig (brigatinib) after Xalkori (crizotinib) vs. patients with wild-type TP53 (5.4 mo. vs. 9.9 mo.; p=0.039) (PMID: 30165392). 30165392
ALK rearrange TP53 mut lung non-small cell carcinoma decreased response Alectinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, TP53 mutant ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients demonstrated a lower median progression-free survival following treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib), Alecensa (alectinib), or Alunbrig (brigatinib) after Xalkori (crizotinib) vs. patients with wild-type TP53 (5.4 mo. vs. 9.9 mo.; p=0.039) (PMID: 30165392). 30165392
ALK rearrange TP53 mut lung non-small cell carcinoma decreased response Crizotinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, TP53 mutant ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients demonstrated a lower median progression-free survival following treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) as a first line therapy or after chemotherapy vs. patients with wild-type TP53 (5.0 mo., n=22 vs. 14.0 mo., n=71; p<0.001), and a lower median overall survival (17.0 mo., n=13 vs. not reached n=50; p=0.049) (PMID: 30165392). 30165392
ALK rearrange TP53 mut lung non-small cell carcinoma decreased response Ceritinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, TP53 mutant ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients demonstrated a lower median progression-free survival following treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib), Alecensa (alectinib), or Alunbrig (brigatinib) after Xalkori (crizotinib) vs. patients with wild-type TP53 (5.4 mo. vs. 9.9 mo.; p=0.039), and a lower median overall survival with treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) after Xalkori (crizotinib) of 7.0 mo. vs. 50.0 mo. in patients with wild-type TP53 (p=0.001) (PMID: 30165392). 30165392
ALK rearrange ALK E1210K lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer demonstrated disease progression when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) due to a secondary acquired resistance mutation, ALK E1210K (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
ALK rearrange ALK F1174X lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical study, treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) resulted in antitumor activity in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK F1174X (n=12), with an objective response rate of 42% (5/12; 95% CI 15.0-72.0), a median duration of response not reached (NR), and a median progression-free survival of 7.4 months (95% CI 2.8-NR) (PMID: 30892989; NCT01970865). 30892989
ALK rearrange ALK G1202del lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical study, treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) resulted in antitumor activity in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK G1202R or ALK G1202del (n=28), with an objective response rate of 57% (16/28; 95% CI 37.0-76.0), a median duration of response of 7 months (95% CI 6.1-24.4), and a median progression-free survival of 8.2 months (95% CI 5.6-25.6) (PMID: 30892989; NCT01970865). 30892989
ALK rearrange ALK I1171X lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK I1171X was identified in 24% (17/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK I1171X lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK I1171X was identified in 26% (12/46) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK I1171X lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK I1171X was identified in 24% (17/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK I1171X lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical study, treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) resulted in antitumor activity in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring I1171X (n=8), with an objective response rate of 75% (6/8; 95% CI 35.0-97.0), a median duration of response of 4.2 months (95% CI 2.8-4.2), and a median progression-free survival of 5.5 months (95% CI 4.1-6.9) (PMID: 30892989; NCT01970865). 30892989
ALK rearrange ALK I1171X lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Ensartinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK I1171X was identified in 24% (17/70) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received second-generation ALK TKI treatment, including Alecensa (alectinib) (n=46), Zykadia (ceritinib) (n=4), Alunbrig (brigatinib) (n=3), Ensartinib (X-396) (n=1), or more than 2 lines of TKIs (n=16) (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK L1152R lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma, which also harbored RB1 deletion and TP53 G154V and R158C mutations, was found to have an acquired ALK L1152R mutation in a biopsy of a pleural nodule following progression on Xalkori (crizotinib) and Zykadia (ceritinib), and was subsequently treated with Alecensa (alectinib), resulting in a partial response in all disease areas (PMID: 27091190). 27091190
ALK rearrange ALK L1152R lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma, which also harbored RB1 deletion and TP53 G154V and R158C mutations, demonstrated a partial response following treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib), however, progressed after 4 months and was found to have an acquired ALK L1152R mutation in a biopsy of a pleural nodule (PMID: 27091190). 27091190
ALK rearrange ALK F1174C lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective study, ALK F1174C/L was identified in 14% (4/29) of plasma samples at disease progression in ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients who received Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment (PMID: 31358542). 31358542
ALK rearrange ALK F1174C ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer progressed on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and subsequent testing of the tumor biopsy revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174L whereas testing of single isolated circulating tumor cells (CTC) revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174C in one CTC sample and ALK G1202R and ALK T1151M in the second CTC sample (PMID: 31439588). 31439588
ALK rearrange ALK T1151M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer progressed on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and subsequent testing of the tumor biopsy revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174L whereas testing of single isolated circulating tumor cells (CTC) revealed ALK G1202R and ALK F1174C in one CTC sample and ALK G1202R and ALK T1151M in the second CTC sample (PMID: 31439588). 31439588
ALK rearrange ALK G1269A lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK G1269A was identified in biopsies at disease progression after 30 months of Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK rearrangement (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
ALK rearrange ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Clinical Study Actionable In a clinical study, treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) resulted in antitumor activity in ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring ALK G1269A (n=9), with an objective response rate of 89% (8/9; 95% CI 52.0-100.0), a median duration of response not reached (NR) (95% CI 5.6-NR), and a median progression-free survival not reached (95% CI 8.2-NR) (PMID: 30892989; NCT01970865). 30892989
ALK rearrange ALK mut lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a retrospective analysis, patients with ALK-rearrangement positive non-small cell lung cancer who acquired ALK drug resistance mutations following Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment had a median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 5.4 months on Zykadia (ceritinib), which was not significantly different than the mPFS of 6.5 months for patients without ALK mutations (PMID: 25724526). 25724526
ALK rearrange ROS1 rearrange lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a near complete response and progression-free survival for at least 55 months in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring rearrangements in ALK and ROS1 (PMID: 34459458). 34459458
ALK rearrange ROS1 rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in decreased tumor size and metabolism in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring rearrangements in ROS1 and ALK (PMID: 28532565). 28532565
ALK rearrange ROS1 rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in decreased tumor size at 3 months in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring rearrangements in ROS1 and ALK (PMID: 30327151). 30327151
ALK rearrange ROS1 rearrange lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in lymph node response and progression-free survival greater than 1 year in a patient with EGFR wild-type lung adenocarcinoma harboring rearrangements in ALK and ROS1 (PMID: 29268402). 29268402
ALK rearrange ALK L1196Q lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK L1196Q was identified in 4% (2/52) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on first-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK E1129V lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK E1129V was identified in 4% (2/56) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK I1171S lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK I1171S was identified in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK F1174V lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK F1174V was identified in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK F1174S lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, ALK F1174S was identified in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring an ALK rearrangement after progression on second-line Alecensa (alectinib) treatment following Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance (Ann of Oncol (2022) 33 (suppl_7): S448-S554). detail...
ALK rearrange ALK T1151R lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in clinical improvement and a major response in tumor volume and metabolic activity in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring an ALK rearrangement and ALK T1151R until disease progression 3 months later (PMID: 31027750). 31027750
ALK rearrange ALK T1151R lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK T1151R was identified on post-progression biopsy in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring an ALK rearrangement who had been on Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment for 6 months (PMID: 31027750). 31027750
ALK rearrange ALK T1151M lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in a partial response in a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring a non-coding ALK rearrangement with ALK T1151M (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
ALK mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK mutant lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Crizotinib + Onalespib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Onalespib (AT13387) and Xalkori (crizotinib) combination treatment did not significantly improve median progression free survival (269 vs 266 days) or objective response rate (55.4%, 38/68 vs 45.3%, 31/68) compared to Xalkori (crizotinib) single treatment in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring either an ALK mutation or ALK rearrangement (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9059); NCT01712217). detail...
ALK mut TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) demonstrated synergy with the combination of Topotecan and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) in patient-derived neuroblastoma cell lines harboring Alk mutations and functional TP53, resulting in growth inhibition in culture and tumor regression in animal models (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK G1128A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK G1128A was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK G1128A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) decreased Alk phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth in cells expressing ALK G1128A in culture (PMID: 31852910). 31852910
ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK I1171N was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) decreased Alk phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth in cells expressing ALK I1171N in culture (PMID: 31852910). 31852910
ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor decreased response TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1171N demonstrated reduced sensitivity to TPX-0131 in an in vitro kinase assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in stable disease with a progression-free survival of 17 months in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N (PMID: 38623748). 38623748
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated tumor regression when treated with Alecensa (alectinib), but progressed seven months later, and was found to harbor a secondary resistance mutation, ALK I1171N (PMID: 25393798). 25393798
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) failed to inhibit growth of patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture, and did not induce tumor regression or reduce Alk phosphorylation in xenograft models (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK I1171N was identified at the time of progression in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK who previously demonstrated a partial response on Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 38623748). 38623748
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK I1171N was identified in post-progression biopsy in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e20), who previously responded to Alecensa (alectinib) (PMID: 36864442). 36864442
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK I1171N was identified in post-progression biopsy in a patient with metastatic pulmonary atypical carcinoid tumor harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e20) who previously responded to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 35832448). 35832448
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK I1171N was identified on post-progression biopsy in a patient with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the lung harboring EML4-ALK, who previously responded to Alecensa (alectinib) (PMID: 37255276). 37255276
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated resistance to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N were resistant to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated a decreased response to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor predicted - sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment resulted in response after 1 month of treatment with tumor shrinkage in a patient with metastatic pulmonary atypical carcinoid tumor harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e20) and ALK I1171N (PMID: 35832448). 35832448
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited cell viability, decreased downstream ALK signaling, and induced apoptosis in patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in all lesions including lesions within the CNS with a progression-free survival of 14 months in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N (PMID: 38623748). 38623748
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in near resolution of the pleural effusion and decrease in pleural mass in a patient with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the lung harboring EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N (PMID: 37255276). 37255276
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK I1171N demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N demonstrated resistance to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in a decrease in the liver lesions after 20 days of treatment in a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e20) and ALK I1171N (PMID: 36864442). 36864442
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N were resistant to Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited growth of patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture, and induced tumor regression and suppressed Alk phosphorylation and downstream signaling in xenograft models (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N were resistant to Augtyro (repotrectinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Iruplinalkib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK I1171N in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to TPX-0131 in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N were resistant to TPX-0131 in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1269A in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1269A were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1269A were resistant to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1269A in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK I1171N was identified as a compound mutation in transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A in the context of EML4-ALK that acquired resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 29650534). 29650534
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1269A were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1269A were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1269A in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F were resistant to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F were resistant to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1256F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1256F were resistant to TPX-0131 in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174I were resistant to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) failed to inhibit tumor growth in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK and expressing ALK I1171N and F1174I (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174I were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174I were resistant to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174I were resistant to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) failed to inhibit tumor growth in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK and expressing ALK I1171N and F1174I (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174I were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174I were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) induced complete tumor regression in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK and expressing ALK I1171N and F1174I, and also induced tumor regression when administered to separate PDX tumors which had demonstrated resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) or Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK F1174I Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and F1174I in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198H Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198H demonstrated resistance to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198H Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198H were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198H Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198H demonstrated resistance to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198H Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198H were resistant to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198H Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198H were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198H Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198H were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198H Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK L1198H in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK I1171N and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198F demonstrated resistance to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198F were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK I1171N and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198F were resistant to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK I1171N and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198F were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and L1198F demonstrated resistance to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK L1198F Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK I1171N and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK V1180L lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, as well as IDH1 R132H, developed progressive disease after initial response to Alecensa (alectinib), and ALK I1171N and ALK V1180L were identified in the post-progression biopsy along with germline BRCA2 F2801fs (PMID: 35324529). 35324529
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK D1203N were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK D1203N were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK D1203N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and ALK D1203N were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and E1129V were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and E1129V were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and E1129V were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and E1129V were resistant to TPX-0131 in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and C1156Y were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and C1156Y were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and C1156Y were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and C1156Y in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK I1171N Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and C1156Y were resistant to TPX-0131 in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
ALK I1171N ALK pos diffuse large B-cell lymphoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in an ongoing complete metabolic response 20 months post-transplant in a patient with an ALK-positive large B-cell lymphoma harboring ALK I1171N (PMID: 36809056). 36809056
EML4 - ALK ALK I1171N ALK G1202R lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a lung adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK with ALK I1171N and G1202R, along with ALK-ENC1 (PMID: 37007089). 37007089
ALK I1171N ALK Y1278S neuroblastoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a retrospective analysis, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK Y1278S progressed on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and was found to have acquired ALK I1171N (PMID: 38787533; NCT04477681). 38787533
ALK F1245C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK F1245C was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK F1245C neuroblastoma resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not inhibit growth of neuroblastoma cells over expressing ALK F1245C in culture, and only delayed tumor growth in patient-derived xenograft models harboring ALK F1245C (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK F1245C neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells over expressing ALK F1245C in culture, and induced rapid and sustained complete tumor regression in patient-derived xenograft models harboring ALK F1245C (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK F1245C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited foci formation more efficiently than Xalkori (crizotinib) in transformed cells overexpressing ALK F1245C in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK F1245C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability in transformed cells expressing ALK F1245C in culture (PMID: 27483357). 27483357
ALK F1245C neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + Ribociclib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zykadia (ceritinib) and Kisqali (ribociclib) inhibited proliferation in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1245C in culture, and resulted in enhanced tumor growth inhibition compared to either Zykadia (ceritinib) or Kisqali (ribociclib) alone (P=0.04 and P<0.0001, respectively) and induced complete and sustained tumor regression in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (PMID: 27986745). 27986745
ALK F1245C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) decreased Alk phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth in cells expressing ALK F1245C in culture (PMID: 31852910). 31852910
ALK F1245C Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK F1245C in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
ALK F1245C TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) worked synergistically with Topotecan and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), resulting in sustained tumor regression in crizotinib-resistant neuroblastoma PDX models harboring ALK F1245C and wild-type Tp53 (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
EML4 - ALK ALK F1245C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of a cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1245C in culture (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
EML4 - ALK ALK F1245C lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring EML4-ALK variant 3 demonstrated an initial response to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib), but progressed after 27 months and was found to have acquired ALK F1245C (PMID: 26775591). 26775591
EML4 - ALK ALK F1245C lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring EML4-ALK variant 3 that demonstrated resistance to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) after acquisition of ALK F1245C, achieved a complete radiographic response with no evidence of progression at 6 months following treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) (PMID: 26775591). 26775591
EML4 - ALK ALK F1245C Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited viability of a cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK F1245C in culture (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
ALK R1192P malignant pheochromocytoma predicted - sensitive Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response (PR) after 2 months of therapy and a sustained PR at 10 months in a patient with malignant pheochromocytoma harboring ALK R1192P (PMID: 34371380). 34371380
ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK R1192P was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability in transformed cells expressing ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27483357). 27483357
ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) decreased Alk phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth in cells expressing ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 31852910). 31852910
ALK R1192P malignant pheochromocytoma no benefit Alectinib + Octreotide Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, addition of Alecensa (alectinib) to Octreotide treatment did not lead to a response in a patient with malignant pheochromocytoma harboring ALK R1192P, with a radiological stable disease after 1 month of treatment and disease progression after 5 months of treatment (PMID: 34371380). 34371380
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P were resistant to ASP3026 mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells overexpressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) mediated growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
EML4 - ALK ALK R1192P Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive AZD3463 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, AZD3463 inhibited the growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1192P in culture (PMID: 27009859). 27009859
ALK R1275Q Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, a transformed cell line expressing ALK R1275Q was sensitive to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture and in cell line xenograft models, resulting in cell growth inhibition (PMID: 27049722). 27049722
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (ADVL0912), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response of 15% (3/20) in pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma harboring ALK activating mutations or amplifications, among the 12 patients harboring ALK R1275Q, 1 achieved a complete response, 2 achieved partial responses, and 2 achieved prolonged stable diseases (PMID: 33568345; NCT00939770). 33568345
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) did not inhibit growth of neuroblastoma cells over expressing ALK R1275Q in culture, and only delayed tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited proliferation of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 29907598). 29907598
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma conflicting Crizotinib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in decreased tumor weight in a Mycn-overexpressing neuroblastoma transgenic mouse model with ALK R1275Q (corresponds to R1279Q in mouse) and subsequent upregulation of Ret (PMID: 24811913). 24811913
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment resulted in 3 partial responses and 1 stable disease in 7 pediatric patients with neuroblastoma harboring ALK R1275Q (PMID: 34780709; NCT01742286). 34780709
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 29907598). 29907598
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in 3 of 4 patients with neuroblastoma harboring ALK R1275Q (PMID: 37561984). 37561984
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a complete response in a neuroblastoma patient harboring a germline ALK R1275Q, who was on treatment for 18 months and remained in remission at 5 years (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation, resulted in growth inhibition of neuroblastoma cells over expressing ALK R1275Q in culture and induced rapid and sustained complete tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK R1275Q Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited foci formation more efficiently than Xalkori (crizotinib) in transformed cells overexpressing ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma no benefit Belizatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK R1275Q did not respond to treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Vandetanib Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Caprelsa (vandetanib) treatment resulted in decreased tumor weight in a Mycn-overexpressing neuroblastoma transgenic mouse model with ALK R1275Q (corresponds to R1279Q in mouse) and subsequent upregulation of Ret (PMID: 24811913). 24811913
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in inhibition of cell proliferation in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 34482287). 34482287
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive CEP-28122 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, CEP-28122 inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 22203728). 22203728
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + Ribociclib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zykadia (ceritinib) and Kisqali (ribociclib) synergistically inhibited proliferation and Alk phosphorylation and induced cell cycle arrest in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 27986745). 27986745
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Xalkori (crizotinib), Topotecan, and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) synergized to sustain tumor regression in human neuroblastoma cell line xenograft models harboring ALK R1275Q and wild-type TP53 (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) treatment resulted in inhibition of cell proliferation in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 34482287). 34482287
ALK R1275Q Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) decreased Alk phosphorylation and neurite outgrowth in cells expressing ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 31852910). 31852910
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, SHP099 decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Conteltinib Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, Conteltinib (CT-707) inhibited ALK R1275Q activity in an in vitro assay (PMID: 36424628). 36424628
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive TNO155 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TNO155 decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK R1275Q in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of SHP099 and Xalkori (crizotinib) synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + TNO155 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of TNO155 and Zykadia (ceritinib) synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib + TNO155 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of TNO155 and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + TNO155 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of TNO155 and Xalkori (crizotinib) synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of SHP099 and Zykadia (ceritinib) synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib + SHP099 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with the combination of SHP099 and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) synergistically decreased viability of neuroblastoma cell lines harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 38032104). 38032104
ALK R1275Q TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + CGM097 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zykadia (ceritinib) and CGM097 inhibited Alk signaling and resulted in synergistic inhibition of proliferation in a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK R1275Q in culture and induced tumor regression in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 28425916). 28425916
ALK R1275Q TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Idasanutlin + TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of TAE684 and Idasanutlin (RG7388) inhibited growth of a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK R1275Q TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Alectinib + Idasanutlin Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) and Idasanutlin (RG7388) synergistically inhibited growth of a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
EML4 - ALK ALK R1275Q Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited proliferation of cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK ALK R1275Q Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TQ-B3139 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TQ-B3139 (CT-711) inhibited proliferation of cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK R1275Q in culture (PMID: 30210922). 30210922
ALK G1202R ALK R1275Q neuroblastoma resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK R1275Q and expressing G1202R was resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 37147298). 37147298
ALK G1202R ALK R1275Q BRAF V600E neuroblastoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK R1275Q developed progressive disease on treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and was found to have acquired ALK G1202R and BRAF V600E via circulating tumor DNA (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited the kinase activity of ALK S1206Y in culture (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK S1206Y in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated moderate resistance to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated moderate resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y in culture and in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated moderate resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y demonstrated growth inhibition with Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and cell proliferation of transformed cells over expressing ALK S1206Y in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK S1206Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited viability of a cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK S1206Y in culture (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
ALK fusion ALK S1206Y lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK S1206Y secondary mutation in the context of an ALK fusion was associated with resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK T1151dup in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
ALK fusion ALK T1151dup lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment did not result in disease control in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer and uterine metastasis harboring an ALK fusion and ALK T1151dup (reported as ALK 1151Tins) whose disease progressed after prior Xalkori (crizotinib) and Alecensa (alectinib) treatments (PMID: 34184417). 34184417
ALK fusion ALK T1151dup lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in shrinkage of the pulmonary and uterine lesions in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer and uterine metastasis harboring an ALK fusion and ALK T1151dup (reported as ALK 1151Tins), and the patient remained recurrence-free over 1 year of treatment (PMID: 34184417). 34184417
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK T1151dup in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK T1151dup in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK T1151dup (referred to as 1151insT) in culture and in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK T1151dup in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Xalkori (crizotinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK T1151dup in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151dup Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Iruplinalkib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK T1151dup in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) inhibited ALK G1202R and suppressed tumor growth in cell line xenograft models with ALK G1202R (AACR, Cancer Res: April 2016; Volume 57, Abstract #2132). detail...
ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Conteltinib Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, Conteltinib (CT-707) inhibited ALK G1202R activity in an in vitro assay (PMID: 36424628). 36424628
ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited the kinase activity of ALK G1202R in culture (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK G1202R was identified in the post-progression biopsy of a patient with metastatic lung squamous cell carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, who previously responded to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment (PMID: 34376997). 34376997
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung adenocarcinoma conflicting Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a lung adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK, with acquired ALK G1202R and ALK E1154K in tumor biopsies, and ALK G1202R and ALK I1268V in ctDNA, experienced disease progression after 2.5 months of Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment, and only increased allelic frequency of ALK G1202R was detected at disease progression (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung adenocarcinoma conflicting Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response and 30 months of progression-free survival in a lung adenocarcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK and de novo ALK G1202R (PMID: 35235872). 35235872
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and reduced tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK, who had developed resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib), was found to harbor ALK G1202R following treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) (PMID: 24736079). 24736079
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK G1202R was identified in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e6:e20) after the disease progressed on Alecensa (alectinib) treatment (PMID: 35328235). 35328235
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) did not effectively inhibit growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R in culture, and did not inhibit tumor growth in xenograft models (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK who acquired the secondary drug resistance mutation, ALK S1206Y, when treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) was subsequently treated with Zykadia (ceritinib), developed drug resistance, and was then found to have lost the ALK S1206Y mutation, but gained ALK G1202R (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were insensitive to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R demonstrated resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung cancer conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation, reduced proliferation, and induced apoptosis in transformed cells over expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung cancer conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to growth inhibition mediated by Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung squamous cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, third-line Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a progression-free survival of 7 months in a patient with metastatic lung squamous cell carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R (PMID: 34376997). 34376997
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e6a:e20) and ALK G1202R (PMID: 35328235). 35328235
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited tumor growth of a cell line xenograft model expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment inhibited tumor growth in a mouse cell line xenograft model expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells co-expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R demonstrated sensitivity to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 27432227). 27432227
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor conflicting Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ensartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, a cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R was resistant to Ensartinib (X-396) in culture (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ensartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to Ensartinib (X-396) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 26939704). 26939704
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to treatment with Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R were resistant to Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) inhibited Alk activity and proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, resulted in tumor growth inhibition in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 30093503). 30093503
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Iruplinalkib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited Alk autophosphorylation and proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture and resulted in complete tumor growth inhibition in a mouse cell line xenograft model (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib + PF-07284892 Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, the combination of PF-07284892 and Lorbrena (lorlatinib) resulted in a partial response with a 50% tumor reduction after 6 weeks in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R, and the patient remained on the combination for 4.5 months (PMID: 37269335; NCT04800822). 37269335
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive NUV-655 Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NUV-655 demonstrated activity in a patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R in culture and induced tumor regression in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (Eur J Cancer 2022 Vol 174, Supp 1:S78-S79). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive NUV-655 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NUV-655 treatment resulted in decreased cell growth in a cell line expressing EML4-ALK fusion and ALK G1202R in culture (Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr 1468). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive XMU-MP-5 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, XMU-MP-5 treatment decreased downstream signaling and inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 34845836). 34845836
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive HJC0152 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, HJC0152 treatment decreased Stat signaling, migration, and invasion in a non-small cell lung cancer cell line expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R in culture (PMID: 35085771). 35085771
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib + HJC0152 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, HJC0152 and Zykadia (ceritinib) combination treatment increased apoptosis and decreased viability and colony formation in a non-small cell lung cancer cell line expressing EML4-ALK and ALK G1202R compared to either drug alone in culture (PMID: 35085771). 35085771
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive APG-2449 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, APG-2449 inhibited tumor growth of a cell line xenograft model expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R (PMID: 35820889). 35820889
ALK fusion ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Lorlatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) demonstrated safety and resulted in durable responses in patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, including patients harboring ALK G1202R (J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl; abstr 9009)). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1198F and G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R in the context of EML4-ALK were re-sensitized to Xalkori (crizotinib) mediated growth inhibition with the introduction of an additional ALK mutation L1198F, in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F and G1202R in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment did not inhibit proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK culture and resulted in only 30% tumor growth inhibition in a mouse cell line xenograft model (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK L1198F displayed enhanced resistance to growth inhibition mediated by Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Entrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F and G1202R were resistant to treatment with Rozlytrek (entrectinib) in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xospata (gilteritinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1198F and G1202R in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1198F and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture, and resulted in complete tumor growth regression in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174V ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring EML4-ALK who was previously treated with Xalkori (crizotinib) and subsequently developed the resistance mutation, ALK G1269A, was treated with Zykadia (ceritinib), later progressed, and was found to have lost ALK G1269A, but gained ALK F1174V and ALK G1202R (PMID: 24675041). 24675041
ALK fusion ALK G1202R KIT amp lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical study, an ALK G1202R secondary mutation as well as KIT amplification were identified in a patient with ALK fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer with resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) (PMID: 22277784). 22277784
ALK G1202R ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 33% (2/6, all partial responses) and stable disease in 50% (3/6) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK G1202R (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
EML4 - ALK ALK E1154K ALK G1202R ALK I1268V lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in a partial response lasting 9.2 months in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, at disease progression, ALK G1202R and ALK E1154K were identified in biopsies, while ALK G1202R and ALK I1268V were identified in ctDNA (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK E1154K ALK G1202R ALK I1268V lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Ceritinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment resulted rapid disease progression in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK, with acquired ALK G1202R and ALK E1154K in tumor biopsies, and ALK G1202R and ALK I1268V in ctDNA (PMID: 31585938). 31585938
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK C1156Y compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and C1156Y were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK C1156Y compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and C1156Y were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and C1156Y compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and C1156Y compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and C1156Y were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and C1156Y were resistant to Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK C1156Y and ALK G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and C1156Y in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A and G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK G1269A were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK G1269A were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK G1269A were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R and ALK G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive NUV-655 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NUV-655 treatment resulted in decreased cell growth in a cell line expressing EML4-ALK fusion and ALK mutations, G1202R and G1269A, in culture (Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr 1468). detail...
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A, L1204V, and G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, G1269A, and L1204V compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, L1204V, and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, L1204V, and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Patient cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, L1204V, and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, ALK L1204V, and ALK G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1269A, L1198F, and G1202R compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, G1269A, and L1198F compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, L1198F, and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, L1198F, and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK G1202R, L1198F, and G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1198F ALK G1202R ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing ALK L1198F, ALK G1202R, and ALK G1269A compound mutation in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L ALK G1202R large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - resistant Brigatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with metastatic large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung harboring EML4-ALK and acquired ALK V1180L and ALK G1202R mutations demonstrated further progressive disease 2 weeks after initiating Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment (PMID: 34994612). 34994612
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L ALK G1202R large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - resistant Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with metastatic large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung harboring EML4-ALK developed progressive disease after initial response to Alecensa (alectinib) treatment, post-progression circulating tumor DNA analysis identified the acquisition of ALK V1180L and ALK G1202R, together with TP53 G105V and MYCN E378fs (PMID: 34994612). 34994612
EML4 - ALK ALK V1180L ALK G1202R large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in clinical improvement and regression of lung lesions after 4 weeks of therapy in a patient with metastatic large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung harboring EML4-ALK and acquired ALK V1180L and ALK G1202R mutations; however, new bone lesions and progression of the brain mass was seen, and significant progressive disease developed after 3 months (PMID: 34994612). 34994612
ALK L1198F ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK G1202R and L1198F compound mutation in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK S1206F were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK S1206F were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK S1206F were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK S1206F were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK S1206F were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R, G1269A, and S1206F were resistant to Alunbrig (brigatinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R, G1269A, and S1206F were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R, G1269A, and S1206F were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R, S1206F, and G1269A were resistant to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R, G1269A, and S1206F were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151K ALK G1202R ALK S1206F lung adenocarcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK S1206F and ALK T1151K were identified in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma harboring EML4-ALK (e6a:e20) and ALK G1202R after the disease progressed on Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment (PMID: 35328235). 35328235
ALK fusion ALK G1202R ALK L1204V ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK L1204V and ALK G1269A were identified as acquired mutations in a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK fusion with ALK G1202R who developed resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) after initial response (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
ALK fusion ALK G1202R ALK S1206F ALK G1269A lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - resistant Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, ALK S1206F and ALK G1269A were identified as acquired mutations in a non-small cell lung cancer patient harboring an ALK fusion with ALK G1202R who developed resistance to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) after initial response (PMID: 35726063). 35726063
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and E1129V were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and E1129V were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and E1129V were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and E1129V were resistant to Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK E1129V ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 treatment inhibited Alk phosphorylation and viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and E1129V in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174C were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174C were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174C were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174C were resistant to Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174C ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174C were resistant to TPX-0131 in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174I ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174I were resistant to Alecensa (alectinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174I ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174I were resistant to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174I ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174I were resistant to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174I ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Gilteritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174I were resistant to Xospata (gilteritinib) in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK F1174I ALK G1202R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant TPX-0131 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and F1174I were resistant to TPX-0131 in culture (PMID: 36201110). 36201110
EML4 - ALK ALK T1151M ALK G1202R lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive NUV-655 Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NUV-655 demonstrated activity in a patient-derived non-small cell lung cancer cell line harboring EML4-ALK with ALK G1202R and ALK T1151M in culture and induced tumor regression in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (Eur J Cancer 2022 Vol 174, Supp 1:S78-S79). detail...
ALK G1202R ALK D1276_R1279delinsE neuroblastoma predicted - resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK D1276_R1279delinsE developed progressive disease on treatment with Xalkori (crizotinib) and was found to have acquired ALK G1202R via circulating tumor DNA (PMID: 37147298). 37147298
ALK G1202R ALK D1276_R1279delinsE neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Lorlatinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) treatment resulted in a complete metabolic response and a partial anatomic response in a neuroblastoma patient harboring ALK D1276_R1279delinsE and G1202R, who remained on the treatment for over 27 cycles (PMID: 37147298; NCT03107988). 37147298
ALK amp neuroblastoma no benefit Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I/II trial (ADVL0912), Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment resulted in an objective response of 15% (3/20) in pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma harboring ALK activating mutations or amplifications, although both patients harboring ALK amplification had disease progression after only 1 cycle of treatment (PMID: 33568345; NCT00939770). 33568345
ALK amp neuroblastoma no benefit Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) was less efficient than Lorlatinib (PF-06463922) to induced growth inhibition in ALK-amplified neuroblastoma cells in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited growth of ALK-amplified neuroblastoma cells in culture (PMID: 26554404). 26554404
ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Pdx & cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited viability of a panel of ALK-amplified neuroblastoma cell lines in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK amp lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Belizatinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, treatment with Belizatinib (TSR-011) in ALK inhibitor-naive non-small cell lung cancer patients (n=14) harboring either an ALK mutation, ALK amplification, or an ALK rearrangement resulted in a partial response in 6 patients and stable disease in 8 patients, however, it was determined that the drug resulted in limited efficacy and development of the drug was discontinued (PMID: 31217479; NCT02048488). 31217479
ALK amp neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in inhibition of cell proliferation in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK amplification in culture (PMID: 34482287). 34482287
ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive CEP-28122 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, CEP-28122 inhibited growth of ALK-amplified neuroblastoma cells in culture (PMID: 22203728). 22203728
ALK amp neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) treatment resulted in inhibition of cell proliferation in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK amplification in culture (PMID: 34482287). 34482287
ALK amp neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive NUV-655 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, NUV-655 inhibited proliferation of neuroblastoma cell lines with ALK amplification in culture (Cancer Res (2022) 82 (12_Supplement): 3337). detail...
ALK amp neuroblastoma no benefit Cyclophosphamide + Doxorubicin + Lorlatinib + Vincristine Sulfate Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, addition of Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Adriamycin (doxorubicin), and Oncovin (vincristine) to Lorbrena (lorlatinib) did not improve tumor growth inhibition in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of neuroblastoma with ALK amplification and overexpression (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK amp TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + CGM097 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zykadia (ceritinib) and CGM097 inhibited Alk signaling and resulted in synergistic inhibition of proliferation in a TP53 wild-type, ALK-amplified neuroblastoma cell line in culture and induced tumor regression in a cell line xenograft model (PMID: 28425916). 28425916
ALK amp TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib + Cyclophosphamide + Topotecan Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) demonstrated synergy with the combination of Topotecan and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) in neuroblastoma cell lines harboring Alk amplification and functional TP53, resulting in growth inhibition in culture (PMID: 26438783). 26438783
ALK amp TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Idasanutlin + Lorlatinib Preclinical - Pdx Actionable In a preclinical study, combination treatment with Lorbrena (lorlatinib) and Idasanutlin (RG7388) resulted in an additive effect on tumor growth inhibition with complete remission in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma with ALK amplification and overexpression (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK amp TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Alectinib + Idasanutlin Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) and Idasanutlin (RG7388) synergistically inhibited growth of a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line with ALK amplification in culture (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK F1174V ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Xalkori (crizotinib) inhibited proliferation of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK amplification and ALK F1174V in culture (PMID: 29907598). 29907598
ALK F1174V ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Zykadia (ceritinib) inhibited proliferation of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK amplification and ALK F1174V in culture (PMID: 29907598). 29907598
ALK F1174V ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive Repotrectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Augtyro (repotrectinib) inhibited downstream signaling and proliferation, and induced apoptosis in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174V and ALK amplification in culture (PMID: 31852910). 31852910
ALK amp ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 56% (5/9, all partial responses) and stable disease in 44% (4/9) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer with ALK amplification (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
ALK F1174V ALK amp TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Idasanutlin + TAE684 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TAE684 and Idasanutlin (RG7388) synergistically inhibited growth of a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174V and ALK amplification in culture (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK F1174V ALK amp TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma sensitive Alectinib + Idasanutlin Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) and Idasanutlin (RG7388) synergistically inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in a TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK F1174V and ALK amplification in culture (PMID: 36602782). 36602782
ALK del exon2 ALK del exon3 ALK amp neuroblastoma sensitive Ceritinib + Ribociclib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the combination of Zykadia (ceritinib) and Kisqali (ribociclib) inhibited proliferation in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring a deletion of ALK exons 2 and 3 and ALK amplification in culture (PMID: 27986745). 27986745
ALK positive lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Brigatinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (ALTA-2), Alunbrig (brigatinib) therapy demonstrated limited efficacy in ALK-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients who previously progressed on Alecensa (alectinib) or Zykadia (ceritinib) therapy, with an objective response rate (ORR) of 26.2% (27/103, 1 complete (CR) and 26 partial responses), duration of response of 6.3 mo, median progression-free survival of 3.8 mo, and intracranial ORR of 15% (8/55, 1 CR) in patients with CNS metastases (PMID: 36096442; NCT05421936). 36096442
ALK positive lung adenocarcinoma predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in a partial response in a pregnant patient with ALK-positive metastatic lung adenocarcinoma, with no developmental effects observed during pregnancy or the first 9 months of the infant’s life (PMID: 37087822). 37087822
ALK positive inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor predicted - sensitive Alectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, Alecensa (alectinib) treatment resulted in partial remission before treatment discontinuation and complete remission following restart of treatment in a 7-year-old pediatric patient with ALK-positive recurrent, metastatic inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (PMID: 36515740). 36515740
ALK positive neuroblastoma predicted - sensitive Ceritinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment was well tolerated and resulted in an overall response rate of 20% (6/30; 6 partial response), a disease control rate of 53% (16/30), and a median progression-free survival of 2.4 months in pediatric patients with ALK-positive neuroblastoma (PMID: 34780709; NCT01742286). 34780709
ALK positive Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive Ceritinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment was well tolerated and resulted in an overall response rate of 14% (1/7), a disease control rate of 43% (3/7), and a progression-free survival of 1.9 months in pediatric patients with ALK-positive advanced solid tumors other than neuroblastoma, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, or inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (PMID: 34780709; NCT01742286). 34780709
ALK positive lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Ensartinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 52% (76/147; all partial responses), and disease control in 93% (137/147) of patients with crizotinib-refractory ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, and a median progression-free survival of 9.6 mo., and of the 97 patients with brain metastases, 41% (40) demonstrated a partial response, and of those, 28 (70%) had an intracranial response and 39 (98%) had intracranial disease control (PMID: 31628085; NCT03215693). 31628085
ALK positive neuroblastoma sensitive Entrectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in partial response in a patient with ALK-positive neuroblastoma (J Clin Oncol 32:5s, 2014 (suppl; abstr 2502)). detail...
ALK positive lung non-small cell carcinoma sensitive Entrectinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase I trial, Rozlytrek (entrectinib) treatment resulted in stable disease in a patient with ALK-positive non-small cell lung carcinoma (J Clin Oncol 32:5s, 2014 (suppl; abstr 2502)). detail...
ALK C1156Y ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 71% (5/7, all partial responses) and stable disease in 29% (2/7) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK C1156Y (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
ALK I1171T ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 50% (2/4, all partial responses) and stable disease in 50% (2/4) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK I1171T (n=3) or I1171S (n=1) (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
ALK I1171S ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 50% (2/4, all partial responses) and stable disease in 50% (2/4) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK I1171T (n=3) or I1171S (n=1) (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
ALK F1174V ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 71% (5/7, all partial responses) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK F1174L (n=5) or ALK F1174V (n=1) (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
ALK L1152R ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 50% (2/4, all partial responses) and stable disease in 25% (1/4) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK L1152R (n=3) or L1152V (n=1) (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
ALK L1152V ALK pos lung non-small cell carcinoma predicted - sensitive Ensartinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, Ensartinib (X-396) treatment resulted in an objective response in 50% (2/4, all partial responses) and stable disease in 25% (1/4) of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer harboring ALK L1152R (n=3) or L1152V (n=1) (PMID: 31628085; NCT0321569). 31628085
ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK L1152R in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R demonstrated resistance to ASP3026 in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited viability of a cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R lung non-small cell carcinoma resistant Crizotinib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with non-small cell lung carcinoma harboring EML4-ALK demonstrated a brief response to Xalkori (crizotinib) treatment, but after 3 months showed tumor progression, and was found to harbor the secondary resistance mutation, ALK L1152R (PMID: 21791641). 21791641
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 21791641). 21791641
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Crizotinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R demonstrated resistance to Xalkori (crizotinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R lung cancer resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, lung cancer cells expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) treatment in culture (PMID: 31925410). 31925410
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK demonstrated reduced sensitivity to Zykadia (ceritinib) compared to cells expressing EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 27780853). 27780853
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor resistant Ceritinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R demonstrated resistance to Zykadia (ceritinib) in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited Alk phosphorylation and cell proliferation of transformed cells over expressing ALK L1152R in the context of EML4-ALK in culture (PMID: 26144315). 26144315
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Lorlatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Lorbrena (lorlatinib) inhibited viability of a cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Ensartinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Ensartinib (X-396) inhibited viability of a cell line expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 31446141). 31446141
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Iruplinalkib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Iruplinalkib (WX-0593) treatment inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 35421578). 35421578
EML4 - ALK ALK L1152R Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive TQ-B3139 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, TQ-B3139 (CT-117) inhibited proliferation of a cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK L1152R in culture (PMID: 30210922). 30210922
ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, ALK C1156Y was sensitive to Alecensa (alectinib) in an in vitro enzyme assay (PMID: 21575866). 21575866
ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor predicted - sensitive TPX-0131 Preclinical - Biochemical Actionable In a preclinical study, TPX-0131 inhibited kinase activity of ALK C1156Y in an in vitro assay (PMID: 34158340). 34158340
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Brigatinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alunbrig (brigatinib) inhibited viability of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 33627640). 33627640
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive ASP3026 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, ASP3026 inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400). 25727400
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y lung non-small cell carcinoma no benefit Luminespib Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a patient with EML4-ALK positive non-small cell lung cancer with an ALK C1156Y secondary Xalkori (crizotinib) resistance mutation did not respond to Luminespib (AUY922) therapy (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 24887559). 24887559
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited growth of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 26698910). 26698910
EML4 - ALK ALK C1156Y Advanced Solid Tumor sensitive Alectinib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, Alecensa (alectinib) inhibited proliferation of transformed cells expressing EML4-ALK with ALK C1156Y in culture (PMID: 25727400).